Update: The Adobe Town Wild Horses Arrive at Black Hills Wild Horse Sanctuary

Story and Photos by Carol Walker ~ Director of Field Documentation ~ Wild Horse Freedom Federation
as published on WildHoofBeats.com

“I am struck by how healthy all the horses look, and also by the wild beauty of the sanctuary.”

To Read Part One of this Tale Please Click (HERE)

We delayed the horses’ journey by one day due to bad weather but the horses set out Thursday, driven by veteran horse hauler Merle from Canon City. I headed up earlier in the day so I could meet them when they arrived.

They were unloaded into a pen that they could get settled into, complete with a huge bale of gorgeous hay. All four were calm and bright eyed despite their 7 hour journey from Colorado. It was about ten degrees with wind chill, and I was happy that they had thick coats adapted to cold weather. I texted Manda Kalimian, who has been eagerly waiting to hear that her horses have arrived. I am so very grateful to Manda and her organization, the Cana Project, formerly The Seraphim 12 Foundation. http://canaprojects.org/ She believed me when I told her how special these horses were, was optimistic and certain that we could save them, and she bought these horses and made sure that they would have a wonderful home to live out their lives together in peace.

I stayed well back from the fence so they were not disturbed, and watched them for about an hour until the light disappeared. They all dived into the hay eagerly, so I felt encouraged that they would do well that night. Snowfall and Diamond Girl are both much thinner than when they were in the wild, but I feel certain that they will put on weight soon with all that beautiful hay…(CONTINUED)

Click (HERE) for the rest of the story and PHOTOS

Wild Horses and Burros: An Update Seen Through the Eyes of One Biologist

by Robert C. Bauer ~ Biologist

In a desperate attempt to curb the devastating roundups many advocates are succumbing to the pressure of the BLM to utilize the PZP contraceptive on our wild horses.”

The passion of my heart is, and has been, to emphasize how nature through its own mechanisms will and should be allowed, to maintain natural ecological balance, without human intervention. It does this through physiological differences, found within each species inside any given ecosystem. Each of those differences, contribute as a vital factor in a broad ecological equation. It also accomplishes this through the numbers or density of any given species of animal or plant within that system, in conjunction with competitive species, and the carrying capacity of the land. There is a misconception, even amongst advocates of the wild horses, that the only things that are necessary to check wild equine population growth is the presence of its predators and or natural environmental factors. Although, natural predation is important and environmental impacts, density dependent

Adobe Town Wild Stallion and Pronghorn ~ photo by Carol Walker

inhibition plays an important role also. In this scenario, what that means is that the numbers or density of wild equine, versus competing ruminants, such as the pronghorn, each will fluctuate in response to the other based upon the carrying capacity of the land, yet always in perfect balance. In essence, the pronghorn need the presence of wild horses and burros, just as much as the wild horses need the pronghorn. Each population will have the effect of keeping the numbers of another competing population at levels that are ideal for the carrying capacity of the land.

Also, what must be understood is that nature is dynamic, and not static. This infers that it continuously fluctuates and adjusts, through its own negative and positive feedback loops, from the molecular, all the way up the scale of organisms. Because it is dynamic and not static means that its functions cannot be confined to finite thinking, and fixed statistics but must be allowed, through its own mechanisms to maintain itself, hands off, so to speak. In other words, nature cannot be limited at any given time to a given number, or average of numbers, that mankind deems appropriate. An example of this is the Bureau of Land Management’s, “Appropriate Management Level“, of wild horses in their legally designated lands. Mankind’s sole responsibility has to be focused on keeping the restrictions off of nature, so that nature can be itself, and not an offspring of man’s seemingly brilliance. The moment mankind seeks to alter nature according to a fixed number, or an average of numbers, is the moment that nature and balance itself begins to break down. At first it occurs little by little, yet as artificial alteration persists, the breakdowns become greater and greater. This has occurred in every branch of nature, where mankind has endeavored to manage natural balance, assuming nature to be static and not dynamic.

With these thoughts in mind as an introduction, the tenacious destruction of a vital component of nature’s beauty and balance continues to be removed from the rangelands of the west, even the wild horses and wild burros, by the Bureau of Land Management. It has turned a blind side to the solid science that opposes the idea that these creatures are a detriment to the ecosystems they exist in. Just as much, it is opposed so to the myth that there is over population of our wild equine. The ludicrous concept of the “Appropriate Management Level”, of wild horses in any area out west is a lie concocted by the bureau. This is based upon how much forage that the BLM is going to allow the mustangs, as opposed to how much they would actually consume. This is opposed to cattle and other competing ruminants in these same areas, which are allocated by this same bureau, the major percentage of the forage. From this comes the propaganda that there exists overpopulation of wild Equids, and the subsequent removal of them in mass, from their legally designated lands. This, the bureau does regardless of the fact that our wild horses and burros, by law, are to be considered as the principle species in a multi use situation. This is all accomplished to accommodate the Bureau of Land Management’s leasing of those same lands for cattle and cattle ranchers, for energy interests, and big horn sheep hunters.

In a desperate attempt to curb the devastating roundups many advocates are succumbing to the pressure of the BLM to utilize the PZP contraceptive on our wild horses. This thinking may be based on a heartfelt love for our wild ones, but also with the idea that a compromise in this area will at least preserve them in the wild. There are those that believe that the roundups have already decreased because of this compromise to use the contraceptive. As a biologist I would ask all to consider some truths concerning this issue.

First, the numbers of the wild horses remaining in the wild are not the 20,000 to 30,000 that many assert are out there. The numbers of our wild ones are not even in the teens of thousand s anymore. This has its basis upon the liberal use of PZP, the thousands of wild horses and burros already removed, and the adjustment of sex ratios. Added to this, are mortality rates in the wild that range between 19% to 75% annually, both first year and adult. The reasons that the roundups have decreased is simple because the wild horses remaining in the wild are so few, they can’t be found. This is despite the continued propaganda that there is still overpopulation.

Secondly, with continued use of the PZP contraceptive, population growth will be driven down even further, in as much as reproduction will continue to decrease dramatically because of PZP, but mortality percentages will remain the same. In essence, mortality will completely overwhelm reproduction and accelerate the population decline. Added to this will be the increased chances of the loss of genetic viability. All of this the BLM is fully aware of, however not unlike our Native American ancestors, the U.S. government promises a compromise but are taking a 100 miles for every mile we give them.

The roundups will continue, even though the wild horses are fewer in number. There doesn’t have to be many roundups, however, to decimate our wild horse herds with what few numbers are out there, especially with an even more rapid decline in population growth and the threat of inbreeding. The proponents of PZP, whether they love our wild horses or not, will be aiding the BLM in driving them to extinction. The only answer is to continue fighting for the truth, and to allow nature to remain untouched. The wild horses and burros will continue as the poetically beautiful, yet vital components of ecological balance if, and only if, we allow nature alone, through its own dynamic methods to dictate the numbers in the wild that are to exist, at any given time.

Acknowledgments: Craig Downer, Wildlife Ecologist

The Destruction of Our Wild Burro Herds Accelerates

After being chased by a helicopter and roped and kicked by this wrangler who is paid with our tax money, this wild burro is then further abused by being pulled by the ears.  Photo by Carl Mrozek

After being chased by a helicopter and roped and kicked by this wrangler who is paid with our tax money, this wild burro is then further abused by being pulled by the ears.
Photo by Carl Mrozek

What will be the fate of our captured Wild Horses and Burros?  With the past evidence of our wild horses and burros “disappearing” under the supposed “protection” of BLM and with the past BLM record of roundup brutality … I am afraid to even think about it … but it is happening NOW … and the few Wild Burro Herds that remain on American soil will disappear forever unless the unwarranted roundups and removals are stopped.

In March of 1981, 648 American wild burros were secretly shot and killed under direction of the U.S. Navy at California’s China Lake Naval Weapons Center.  The Animal Legal Defense Fund – stepped in after they heard about the 1981 mass murder and were able to save some burros.  Then in 2011 China Lake NWC captured and removed more burros and the “word” was that they are doing it because the burros had  been seen eating the LAWN of the office!  Now, it appears that ALL burros from both the China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station and the nearby Centennial Herd Management Area (not managed for burros) will be captured and removed in the immediately. $148,245 has already been allocated to Cattoor Livestock Inc. for the roundup, which is due to start on January 16 and continue through January 20.


CNN aired this shocking video of a BLM contractor knocking over a wild burro with the helicopter skids.  The footage was captured by film maker Carl Mrozek.

Here is an example of how BLM “plays the game” (i.e. BLM’s deception to the public):

BLM states on their 2015 winter gather schedule that 20 burros will be captured from NE California’s Twin Peaks HMA but the actual legal (cx) document clearly states they plan to capture and remove from 90-110 of our wild burros!  This is another example of BLM’s deception to the public regarding what they say to us (the public) versus what they REALLY plan on doing.

At the 2013 BLM Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board meeting, Dr. Lori Eggert, University of Missouri, said that genetic diversity of burro populations are well below what you would see in healthy populations and that 12 burro HMAs have populations between 2 and 49 animals.  Those herds are far below the population numbers for genetically healthy herds.

According to a 2007 Wild Horse & Burro Capture Status Report obtained via a Freedom of Information Act request by American Horse Defense Fund, 12% of the burros rounded up in March of 2007 were dead within six months of the gather.  That’s a far cry from the 1-2% BLM is so fond of sharing with the public.

The following account from an article in AMERICAN HERDS reveals a chilling insight into what happens behind the scenes, away from public scrutiny:

“An eyewitness exposed how yet another lone burro was run for miles via helicopter until it collapsed.  If this weren’t enough, contractors then proceeded to jump up and down on the helpless burros rib cage and belly, grabbed its ears and repeatedly slammed its head into the ground until, finally satisfied, walked away to leave the burro to die a long and agonizing death.”

America’s Federally Protected Wild Horses and Burros deserve better than this!



The Burros at China Lake – Animal Legal Defense Fund






Jo Anne Normile, author and Pres. of Saving Baby Equine Charity, on Wild Horse & Burro Radio (Wed., 1/14/2015)



WEDNESDAY, Jan. 14, 2015

5:00 pm PST … 6:00 pm MST … 7:00 pm CST … 8:00 pm EST

Listen Live Here!

Call in # 917-388-4520

We have a NEW 1 hour show format. Continue reading

Welfare ranchers trying to keep their hands in the cookie jar

While wild horses & burros are removed from public lands FOREVER, the mooooochers continue to try to mooch off of public lands.

Dustin1   Dustin Van Liew   (photo:  Public Lands Council)

Dustin Van Liew, the Exec. Dir. of the Public Lands Council, (who’s also the Federal Lands Director of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association)  makes the unsubstantiated claim that livestock AUMs have been suspended on a “quarter of U.S. grazing land.” It seems doubtful that Liew has ever closely reviewed the BLM’s Rangeland Administration System website.  If he had, he’d know that many grazing allotments haven’t had any AUMs suspended.  However, he was right on the money when he stated that “ranchers consider permits property.”

SOURCE:  Capitalpress.com

Ranchers Wary of Proposed BLM Handbook

by John O’Connell

Livestock grazing on BLM lands near Price, Utah.  Photo:  BLM

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Cattle industry leaders fear ranches throughout the West stand to lose value and access to potential rangeland if the Bureau of Land Management implements a proposed change to its grazing handbook.

BLM bases grazing densities on animal unit months — the amount of forage a cow would need to subsist for a month.  Dustin Van Liew, executive director of the Public Lands Council, explained most grazing permits include a percentage of AUMs that still exist but have been suspended based on poor grazing conditions. Those AUMs may be reactivated once conditions improve.

In the draft version of the BLM’s updated handbook, which offers guidance on how BLM rules should be implemented, the agency has proposed to give field managers authority to remove suspended AUMs that are unlikely to be active in the foreseeable future when they reissue grazing permits.

Van Liew said ranchers consider permits property, and even suspended AUMs are taxed and carry weight with lenders.  He worries it would more difficult for a rancher to get new land added to a permit than to demonstrate recovery of suspended land.  “Our biggest concern is those suspended AUMs are part of the overall value of a permit to our members,” Van Liew said.  He believes suspended AUMs provide the BLM flexibility to adjust for improved rotations and watering practices and cost nothing to maintain on the books.

Van Liew advises members to be vigilant of suspended AUMs when they renew permits.  He knows of a few cases in which BLM offices have stripped suspended AUMs from permits, apparently anticipating the likely change to the handbook.  The ranchers all succeeded in getting their suspended AUMs restored.

Idaho Cattle Association Executive Vice President Wyatt Prescott said some of those suspended AUMs were removed from Idaho permits.  “Technically a suspended AUM is still an AUM, and in the right conditions, can be reinstated,” Prescott said.

Dick Mayberry, BLM’s rangeland management specialist, said the proposed handbook update is now under review by state BLM offices, and the agency hopes to release the final version during the summer.  He said a public comment period isn’t required to update the guidance document.

Mayberry said the grazing management handbook was last updated in 1988, based on rules from 1978, and the new handbook will align the guidance with 1995 rules, which make no mention of suspended AUMs.  Mayberry said BLM managers would still have the ability to retain suspended AUMs, provided that they list a reason, and ranchers could appeal decisions to the U.S. Department of Interior’s Office of Hearings and Appeals.

Mayberry said suspended AUMs have been carried forward for more than 40 years in many cases.  BLM had no figures available on suspended AUMs but Van Liew estimated they could represent up to a quarter of U.S. grazing land.

“From the bureau’s viewpoint, if there are additional AUMs of forage available, we can always allocate those back, and we have a history of who used AUMs, whether they’re suspended or not,” Mayberry said.

An official with Western Watersheds, based in Hailey, Idaho, said he’s unfamiliar with the proposal but supports the concept, noting suspended AUMs are inactive for good reason.

BLM to permanently remove 100 wild horses from Little Fish Lake HMA, but allows cattle to keep on grazing

The BLM plans to permanently remove 100 wild horses from Nevada’s Little Fish Lake Herd Management Area, stating that the wild horses are “threatened by lack of forage from within the HMA.”  However, the BLM will continue to allow the Wagon Johnnie Grazing Allotment permittee to graze 201 cattle for 6 months of each year on 100% public lands. (per BLM Rangeland Administration System information).  We know the number of cattle could be doubled since the BLM counts a cow-calf pair as only 1.

But, what’s really interesting is that a 2014 Forest Service report claimed there were 528 cattle on the Wagon Johnnie Allotment.  Even though the Forest Service notedPermittees should expect that, if drought impacts to plant production occur, they may be required to exit the allotment earlier than normal this grazing season,” it seems that there have never been any suspended AUMs for the Wagon Johnnie Allotment permittee, Colvin & Son, LLC.

So, the BLM continues to let 528 cattle graze while they remove wild horses to a non-viable herd number of 89 (with 50 of those remaining 89 remaining horses given the experimental fertility control drug, PZP).

The managing member of Colvin & Son LLC is the 17 Bar Cattle Co., LLC, in Dammeron Valley, Utah.  The 17 Bar Cattle Company seems to share the same telephone number as Desert Electric, Inc.

Another interesting thing the 2014 Forest Service report stated about another grazing allotment: “Colvin & Son, LLC was allowed double their permitted numbers in Little Fish Lake C&H allotment as per the District Ranger for the 2014 grazing season with the agreement to rest the allotment for the 2015 grazing season.  Utilization studies will be performed by Austin/Tonopah District personnel to determine if the allotment can sustain a permanent increase.

So, during a “drought” in Nevada, which is supposed to last years, another government agency, the USDA’s Forest Service, is considering a PERMANENT INCREASE in cattle grazing.  Go figure.  –  Debbie

SOURCE:  thehorse.com

Drought Prompts BLM to gather horses in Nevada

Drought Prompts BLM to Gather Horses in Nevada

The BLM plans to gather about 150 wild horses threatened by lack of forage by using a helicopter to locate and guide wild horses toward a set of corrals.     Photo: Bureau of Land Management

The Bureau of Land Management Nevada’s Battle Mountain District Tonopah Field Office is scheduled to begin a drought-related wild horse gather in the Little Fish Lake Herd Management Area (HMA), near Tonopah, on or about Feb. 8.

The BLM plans to gather about 150 wild horses threatened by lack of forage using a helicopter to locate and guide wild horses toward a set of corrals. Fifty horses will be released back into the HMA, and all mares will be treated with the fertility control drug porcine zona pellucida. About 100 horses will be transported to the Ridgecrest Regional Wild Horse and Burro Corrals in Ridgecrest, California, where they will be will be prepared for adoption by the public. A total of about 100 horses will remain in the HMA after the gather.

Drought conditions have persisted throughout Nevada since 2012, leading to pending emergency conditions in Nye County that seriously threaten the health and well-being of these wild horses. The U.S. drought monitor shows the HMA is in severe drought which, coupled with overutilization by wild horses, has left the HMA with limited available forage for the winter. Lack of vegetation and range impacts from overpopulation by wild horses is also affecting important habitat used by Greater Sage-Grouse.

Wild horse gathers due to drought conditions were analyzed in the Battle Mountain District Drought Management Environmental Assessment dated June 22, 2012. A Determination of National Environmental Policy Act Adequacy, and a Finding of No Significant Impact were completed for this gather; the documents can be viewed online.

The BLM will offer public viewing opportunities during the gather operations and will be updating the gather hotline (775/861-6700) with more information. Photos, daily updates, and other information will be available on the Little Fish Lake Gather website.

Restoring the Female Spirit

Horse sessions help women heal from life trauma, emotional scars

As the temperature sank to 15 degrees Wednesday at Long Shadows Farm in Washington County, NY Valerie Buck warmed up with Whiskey and Budder inside a massive indoor arena.

Horsewoman Valerie Buck with Whiskey, left, and Budder on Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015, at Long Shadows Farm in Cambridge, N.Y. Buck, formerly with Saratoga War Horse, has started a new equine therapy program for women who have experienced trauma called ACTT Naturally. (Cindy Schultz / Times Union)

Horsewoman Valerie Buck with Whiskey, left, and Budder on Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015, at Long Shadows Farm in Cambridge, N.Y. Buck, formerly with Saratoga War Horse, has started a new equine therapy program for women who have experienced trauma called ACTT Naturally. (Cindy Schultz / Times Union)

Buck, 49, has loved horses since she received a pony for Christmas when she was 12. She became an exercise rider and worked for some of horse racing’s biggest trainers. She met Whiskey and Budder at racetracks while on the job.

Buck stopped riding in 2009 due to serious injuries from falls. She became convinced of the emotional healing power of horses while volunteering as equine manager at Saratoga WarHorse. The acclaimed program in Wilton is dedicated to helping wounded veterans and military service members through interactions with horses. Buck left the organization in September to concentrate on trying to help traumatized women. The organization she founded, Aftercare Continued Thoroughbred Training, or ACTT Naturally, connects retired thoroughbreds with women who are struggling with loss or pain. Buck recently leased stalls for six horses she cares for at her friends’ 165-acre farm, located just outside the village of Cambridge, and started holding day-long healing sessions.

“People kept asking if there was a program for women,” said Buck, rubbing Whiskey on the neck. “We ended up here.”

The confidential sessions mix sometimes intense discussions with horse whispering. They are limited to a handful of pre-approved women. The first sessions were supervised by Buck and certified equine coach Cindy Aldrich of Springfield, Vt. A woman whose son died of a heroin overdose, domestic abuse victims and others attended. There are two sessions scheduled for January. One has filled up.

While Buck manages the horses, Aldrich leads discussions around the cavernous arena, which has an all-dirt floor. Horses demand honesty and can feel when their human handlers aren’t sincere, Aldrich said.

“Horses are like a giant feedback machine,” she said. “They are non-judgmental. They just want your honesty. It’s an amazing gift for healing.”

Buck cares for 12 retired horses, including six at her home. As a professional, she rode Budder, who was once a belligerent and competitive colt named Three Lions, for trainer Todd Pletcher. Budder is now a friendly 11-year-old.

Buck met Whiskey on the backstretch of Saratoga Race Course several years ago. She’s not certain of the horse’s age. The horsewoman makes money through pet-sitting and other personal projects, but hopes to one day be able to offer weekly women’s workshops.

“My heart has always been with the horses that nobody remembers, that need a voice,” she said…(CONTINUED)

Click (HERE) to learn more and to view Photo Gallery

Video: Scotland’s Tallest Horse could be Europe’s Biggest

Story by Laura Maxwell of Scotland’s BBC

Rescued Horse Well on the Road to Recovery

Scotland’s tallest horse weighs the same as a small car, eats more than 30 kilos of food every day and needs to be groomed with a pressure washer.

Lincoln, a Shire horse, now lives in Renfrewshire but was days away from being destroyed when he was saved a few months ago.

With some growing still to do, it is thought that Lincoln could one day be Europe’s tallest horse.

Court Grants Wild Horse Advocates Right to Intervene in State of Wyoming Anti-Mustang Lawsuit

Under the current Administration, the BLM has rounded up so many wild horses that the number of mustangs stockpiled in government warehouses (nearly 50,000) now exceeds the number that remain free in the wild (under 40,000).

photo by Carol Walker

photo by Carol Walker

On Monday, January 5, 2015, the U.S. District Court for the District of Wyoming granted a motion by The Cloud Foundation, noted photographer Carol Walker of Wild Horse Freedom Federation and other aevocates to intervene in a State of Wyoming lawsuit against the U.S Bureau of Land Management (BLM) over wild horse management. The lawsuit seeks the removal of hundreds of wild horses from public lands in Wyoming, a state in which fewer than 2,500 wild horses remain.

“Our clients wanted to intervene in the case to defend wild horses from the pro-ranching special interests and their allies in state government. Our clients’ goal is to prevent the federal government from acceding to their claims that the horses must be removed from the public lands to protect the private livestock that are allowed to graze on the same lands,” said Caitlin Zittkowski, of  Meyer,Glitzenstein and Crystal, the Washington-DC based law firm that is representing the groups and individuals intervening in the case.

Last year, the BLM  settled a similar legal attack by pro-ranching interests in Wyoming, agreeing to decimate nearly half of the state’s remaining wild horse population. This settlement was then used to justify the blatantly illegal roundup of 1,263 wild horses from three Herd Management Areas in Wyoming last fall, an action that is the subject of active litigation filed by the same organizations and individuals.

Under the current Administration, the BLM has rounded up so many wild horses that the number of mustangs stockpiled in government warehouses (nearly 50,000) now exceeds the number that remain free in the wild (under 40,000).

Statewide, Wyoming’s wild horse population levels are far below the high Appropriate Management Level of 3,722 wild horses, a number established by land use plans throughout the state.

The advocates maintain that the governor’s decision to expend public resources on a lawsuit against the BLM is ironic for a state with so few wild horses remaining, and one that promotes wild horses in tourism videos that tout Wyoming as a state that remains untamed, wild and free.

In Wyoming, wild horse numbers are dwarfed by the number of livestock grazing on public lands at taxpayer expense. Fewer than 2,500 wild horses remain on just 3.2 million acres of public rangeland, while hundreds of thousands of livestock graze 18 million acres of public land in the state. Put another way, wild horses are present in Wyoming on just 2 percent of the BLM land grazed by livestock.

A New Beginning for Older Wild Horses from Adobe Town

Report by Carol Walker ~ Director of Field Documentation for Wild Horse Freedom Federation
as published on WildHoofBeats.com

“The wild horses are the victims in this outrageous land grab struggle…”

In September and October of 2014, 1263 wild horses were removed from Great Divide Basin, Salt Wells Creek and Adobe Town Herd Management Areas by the BLM. This was done due to a lawsuit and pressure and influence exerted by the Rock Springs Grazing Association, a very small but powerful association whose goal is to eradicate wild horses from both private and public lands in Wyoming. Although in the 80s an agreement was reached between the BLM, wild horse advocates and the Rock Springs Grazing Association for how many wild horses would be allowed in the vast checkerboard of private and public lands in the Red Desert of Wyoming, the grazing association contended that the BLM was not keeping the numbers of wild horses in check, so their solution was to pressure the BLM to remove all of them, not only from private lands but also from public lands on 2 million acres, and they forced the BLM to manage the public lands in the Checkerboard Area in one block, as though they were part of private lands, even though this is illegal. The court denied the advocates fighting to represent the wild horses a Temporary Restraining Order and Emergency Injunction to stop the roundup, so currently the wild horses removed are in short term holding facilities: about 600 are at Rock Springs, Wyoming, about 500 in Canon City, Colorado and about 100 youngsters are at Axtell, Utah.

The wild horses are the victims in this outrageous land grab struggle. Even though there were fewer than the Appropriate Management Level in each of these Herd Management Areas at the time of the roundup, with no opportunity for public comment the horses were removed, and now only 89 wild horses remain in Great Divide Basin, 29 in Salt Wells Creek and approximately 515 in Adobe Town.

I attended as many days of the roundup as I could. It was a very different experience than any roundup I had been to before in Wyoming because they were trying to capture every single horse in the Checkerboard Areas. This resulted in many more deaths than usual – a total of 14, and also resulted in the capture of many more older horses than usual. They spent hours driving single bands over and over again to the trap, when the older stallions knew what was happening and valiantly tried to evade capture…(CONTINUED)

Click (HERE) to read the rest of the story


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 8,279 other followers

%d bloggers like this: