Public Outraged Over BLM’s Anti-Horse Appointee on Wild Horse and Burro Board

Guest OpEd by Bonnie Kohleriter

Spokesman Gorey Slams Public Rather Than Addressing Concerns

Biased Appointment puts America’s Icons at Risk ~ photo by Terry Fitch

The BLM recently appointed Callie Hendrickson to the BLM National Advisory Board. The American public opposes and rejects this appointment.  Tom Gorey, spokesman for the BLM, chose to attack and insult the public over its concerns rather than convey the extremist thinking of Callie Henrickson to which the public takes exception.(See the Atlantic Monthly article: The Lasso Tightens Around America’s Wild Horses by Andrew Cohen) Callie Henrickson is to assume the position of “General Public” advocate on the BLM National Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board, but do her views represent the opinions of the public or for that matter, of the Congress, BLM employees and contracted employees?

So what are Ms. Henrickson’s  views?  In 2011 she presented a paper to the National Advisory Board.  Subsequently, she sent this paper along with a paper done by the United Horseman to her constituents.  She urged her constituents to follow the ideas in these papers and write to the BLM commenting on the BLM’s Strategy for Reform.  The ideas in her paper as well as in the United Horseman’s were as follows:

1)    Support fertility control treatment only if it is done annually and only if the financial commitment is available.  As the treatment is costly and difficult to perform on skittish, skeptical horses on an annual basis, suggested was, forget fertility control treatment.

2)    Perform sex ratioing of 70/30% male to female rather than the 60/40% currently performed by the BLM though neither plan has been researched  as to its effect on the health of the wild horses.

3)    Sterilize the wild horses and burros on the range though again, this plan has not been researched as to the health of the wild horses. (This idea was not presented in her paper to her constituents but to the recent NAS Committee members in their meeting in Spokane, Washington.

4)    Don’t trade cattle permits for horse permits.  Horses are the “most destructive ungulate on the range due to their tooth and hoof structure.” If trades are made no government help should be extended (though government help is extended to cattlemen using public lands).

5)    Excess horses, upon removal,  should be sold to the highest bidder.

6)    Government funding should not be given for long-term pastures or ecosanctuaries.

7)    Slaughter of tribal, wild and domestic horses is to be sanctioned and performed. (While she did not advocate this position in her paper, she has aligned herself with the United Horsemen who take this position.)

The opposition to the appointment of Ms. Henrickson on the BLM National Advisory Board is not due to the public opposing the removal of the wild horses on the range as suggested by Tom Gorey in his vitriolic rants in the Atlantic Monthly article.  Rather the opposition to her appointment is due to her extreme ideas in the handling of the wild horses and burros both on and off of the range.

Bob Abbey, in his speech to the first Slaughter Summit Conference, said the wild horses are not available for slaughter.  Yet Ms. Henrickson continues to press it in the second Summit conference soon to be held.  The HSUS and others are continuing to work with the BLM to try to get a 2 and 3 year fertility drug with the goal to stabilize and maintain the wild horse and burro population on the range.  They have gone beyond the use only of the one year drug.  The Mustang Heritage Foundation is working to train and adopt as many horses as possible. Congress has said the wild horses are not available for slaughter and 80% of the American Public in a recent well respected poll done by Lake and Associates is opposed to slaughter.

The BLM has so many problems it is addressing and should be reforming and refining from appropriate rangelands management, appropriate horse and burro management on the range, humane gathering,appropriate corral management, securing of long-term pastures and ecosanctuaries.  Does the BLM and public really need to deal with the views of an extremist and of a minority at this time?

Ms. Callie Hendrickson is the Executive Director of the White River and Douglas Creek Conservation Districts in Meeker, Colorado.

Links of Interest:

http://www.michiganhorsecouncil.com/Assets/Files/Index/BLM_Proposed_Wild_Horse_Strategy.pdf

http://wildhorsecoalition.com/images794/GatherListLetter.pdf

Beau Jacques Case Not Only Sad, But Worrying

Commentary by Laurie Dixon from HorseTalk.co.nz

Race Horse Sent to Retirement, Instead Goes to Slaughter

Beau Jaques

The sad demise of former racehorse Beau Jacques will upset any horse lover.

Here was a thoroughbred gelding who, at five, was at the end of his racing career.

Owner Kevin Patterson had spent $US1000 in veterinary care to help Beau Jacques over a tendon injury suffered on March 29 last year, in the first step in getting him right for a new career after racing.

Kelsey Elva Lefever, 24, met with Patterson in May and held out the promise of a bright future for Beau Jacques.

Patterson gave Lefever Beau Jacques on the understanding she would find him a new home and he was not to be sold for meat under any circumstances, according to a probable-cause affidavit signed by Trooper Colleen Shelly, of the Pennsylvania State Police Department.

Patterson also gave her $US200 and 10 bags of horse feed to help Beau Jacques on his way.

He said if she needed any more money to help with Beau Jacques, she should get in touch. If things didn’t work out for his horse, he would take him back, he added.

Lefever asked if Beau Jacques had been medicated recently. Patterson confirmed the horse had received penicillin, naproxen and phenylbutazone.

In little more a week, through checks made by a volunteer with the charity, Animal Angels, it was established that Beau Jacques was in the trailer of a known kill buyer who sends horses to a Canadian plant.

The court will obviously decide the outcome in this case, with Lefever facing five charges – one of deceptive business practices and four counts of theft by deception over the sale of four horses, including Beau Jacques.

One wonders, however, whether the authorities will choose to pursue another interesting aspect that arises out of this case.

The affidavit indicates that the kill buyer in question paid, in total, $US1661 for four horses, including Beau Jacques, who were shipped from Pennsylvania to a Canadian slaughter plant.

Given that Lefever asked about medications, and Patterson made it clear that Beau Jacques had received three different drugs within the preceding two months, including phenylbutazone, it is interesting that Beau Jacques made it to slaughter at all.

There is no legal withholding period for phenylbutazone. Once a horse has received the so-called “horse’s aspirin”, it is no longer suitable for human consumption.

What became of Beau Jacques? Did his paperwork indicate he had received phenylbutazone and he was rejected at the plant? Did the paperwork show he had received phenylbutazone and went for petfood instead? Or did his paperwork show no known medication record and he was processed for human consumption?

Anti-slaughter advocates argue that horse slaughter is cruel and unnecessary. They also argue that horses are not raised as food animals in the United States and the wide use of medications such as phenylbutazone make them unsuitable for the human food chain.

The head of the Humane Society of the United States, Wayne Pacelle, describes the horse slaughter industry as disreputable and predatory.

The circumstances outlined in Officer Shelly’s affidavit lend weight to that argument.

In this case, Beau Jacques had an owner clearly determined to ensure his retired racehorse had a future. He helped with money and feed, and made it clear he would take the horse back if things didn’t work out.

That Beau Jacques never got that chance is distressing.

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Why Live Only to Eat a Horse?

(In My Humble Opinion) by R.T. Fitch

Sue Wallis: One Life, One Love – Kill and Eat Horses

If you are observant you may be blessed with seeing many spectacular sights as we slowly float and paddle down the river that we refer to as life.  Of course, there are a multitude of stunning vistas that grace the shore line if we only take the time to focus and absorb the beauty and traveling with us, floating on the life giving waters of the river, are many souls and personalities that shine and amuse with their wonder and grace.  But every now and then the glistening waters become polluted with the evil sewage of human greed and blood lust.  Sometimes that evil is so intense and focused that it manifests itself into human excrement that fouls the air we breathe and sticks to the water line of our life’s vessel as we paddle to get beyond it and into the clear water downstream.  And as we paddle we often feel a bump or a “doink” as we run over the floating sewage and strike a large floating patch of crap and today we have been bumped and “doinked” a couple of times by the floating turd many of us know as “Slaughterhouse” Sue Wallis.

If you know not of whom I speak then consider yourself lucky and simply hunker down to paddle beyond this bloated sewage slick of decaying human bile, but if you do and you love your family (including your companion animals), your community, your church, your country and your God then this product of a satanic colon leaves you with not only a foul stench in your nostrils and a bad taste in your mouth but with an ever present and unanswerable question screaming in your soul; “Why?”

Why would someone attempt to promote and champion a failed and proven unpopular cause centered on butchering and eating horses?

Why would an individual center their entire life on killing, blood, death and consuming companion animals?

Why would an elected public official misuse their office simply for the purpose of butchering and eating horses?

Why would someone who has been sued, complaints filed against and continually coming under legal and ethical scrutiny continue to publicly spout known mistruths and misrepresentations, why?

Why when presented with clear and concise facts would an individual chose to harp on rumor, myth, lies and innuendo?

The list goes on and on but to learned minds and astute observers the answer is almost as simple as the mind of the individual in question; you can distill it down into just one, two syllable word…MONEY!

There is something very big, ugly and dark behind Sue Wallis (pun intended) and that driving force has found its own sacrificial lamb and intends to ride this mindless mount until the last breath is spent from her soulless lungs.  Call them who you want, we all know their names and who they are but like the very devil himself, to call them out by name gives them power and we have no need to go there.

Driven by greed and the lust for attention (even negative) Sue Wallis will carry the bloody banner of multiple mega-masters as they sit back and watch their mindless robot attempt to disrupt and dilute the efforts of main stream Americans.  It is a wonderful marriage, the raving lunatic at large, single handedly delivering her almost evangelical message of bathing in the blood of the horse while those that fund and drive her sit back in their plush chairs, smoke fine cigars and watch her exploits on wide screen, HD monitors…ahhhh, life is sweet.

Wyoming Representative “Slaughterhouse” Sue Wallis is a sad loser on more levels than most people could fathom.  Without a moral compass she is lost in a sea of deception, corruption, collusion and ultimately, failure.  Failure for not only her immoral and unjust cause but a failure in her life because, quite simply, she does not have one.  Hell bent on reaching for the science fiction fantasy that owning a horse killing slaughter plant will make her millions she will, one day, look back and realize that she has done nothing with her life, left no legacy for her children and all that she will have left will be the ire of the world and the chuckles of those powers that rode her hard and put her away wet.

Why?  Simple, mindless, all consuming greed…that is why Sue Wallis does what she does and is what she is; a testament to all that we would never want to be and an example of a misguided social experiment that has gone very, very wrong.

May God have mercy on her extremely misguided soul.

Obama’s BLM Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board to Meet in March

Unedited Press Release from the Bureau of Land Management

For Your Information, Commentary to Follow

BLM violence which occurred today, 1/9/2011 with steaming, traumatized horses chased for miles by renegade helicopter pilot in the dead of winter ~ Photo by Laura Leigh

The Bureau of Land Management announced today that the National Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board will hold a two-day meeting in Phoenix on March 10-11. The two-day event will take place at the Sheraton Phoenix Downtown Hotel, 340 N. 3rd Street, Phoenix, Arizona, 85004. (The hotel phone number for reservations is 1-800-325-3535.)  The Thursday, March 10, meeting is set for 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. local time; the hours of the Friday, March 11, meeting are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. local time. The business agendas for the two days appear on page 7231 of today’s Federal Register (Wednesday, Feb. 9).

On Friday, March 11, the public will be able to offer comments to the Advisory Board on the BLM’s proposed new wild horse and burro management strategy, which the BLM will be posting on its national Website (www.blm.gov) in the near future. If the public wants to make comments directly to the BLM, it should follow the instructions on page 2 of the forthcoming proposed strategy.

The public may address the Advisory Board from 9 a.m. to noon local time on Friday, March 11. Individuals who want to make a statement should register with the BLM by 8:30 a.m. that Friday at the meeting site. Depending on the number of speakers, the Board may limit the length of presentations, set at three minutes for previous meetings; however, this time limit may vary. Speakers, who should address the specific wild horse and burro-related topics listed on the agenda, must provide a written statement of their comments, which may be brought to the meeting.

Those unable to attend the meeting may mail their comments to the National Wild Horse and Burro Program, WO-260, Attention: Ramona DeLorme, 1340 Financial Boulevard, Reno, Nevada, 89502-7147. Alternatively, electronic comments may be sent to the BLM through the Wild Horse and Burro Website at: http://www.blm.gov/wo/st/en/prog/wild_horse_and_burro/wh_b_contact_us/enhanced_feedback_form.html . Mailed or e-mailed comments should be submitted no later than close of business March 3, 2011. For additional information about the meeting, please contact Ramona DeLorme, Wild Horse and Burro Administrative Assistant, at 775-861-6583. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may reach Ms. DeLorme at any time by calling the Federal Information Relay Service at 1-800-877-8339.

The National Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board provides input and advice to the BLM as it carries out its responsibilities under the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act. This law mandates the protection, management, and control of these free-roaming animals in a manner that ensures healthy herds at levels consistent with the land’s capacity to support them. The BLM manages more than 38,000 wild horses and burros that roam BLM-managed rangelands in 10 Western states; the agency also feeds and cares for more than 40,000 horses and burros that are maintained in short-term corrals and long-term Midwestern pastures.

The Advisory Board meets at least twice a year and the BLM Director may call additional meetings when necessary. Members serve without salary, but are reimbursed for travel and per diem expenses according to government travel regulations.

Link to Federal Register notice of the Advisory Committee meeting.

Ireland Sends Mixed Signals on Alleged Abandoned Horse Issue

Story by digital journalist Kim I. Hartman ~ Live Link

At First Look Horses Can’t Catch a Break Anywhere

Dublin – Ireland faces some tough decisions over the plight of the horses that people can no longer afford to keep. They’re the four-legged victims of the Irish recession whose plight animal welfare organisations say can only be solved by a mass national cull.
Thousands of homeless horses now run wild across Ireland – another consequence of the economic recession as the animals are abandoned by owners who can no longer afford their upkeep.
Animal welfare organizations such as the Dublin Society for the Protection of Animals say the problem can only be solved by a mass national cull, reports Irish Central.
Ted O’Connor, inspector with the Cork Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (CSPCA) said they were picking up as many horses as dogs. “People just can’t afford to keep them [horses] anymore, even hunters now and nice horses. They are leaving them in fields or waste ground,” said the Irish Times.
The chief officer for the Kerry Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Harry McDaid, told IT, it was receiving daily reports of abandoned and underfed horses and ponies.
A small number of prosecutions were likely, but talks were also taking place with horse owners on how to improve their treatment of the animals. Some owners cannot afford to buy expensive animal feed. The current cold spell is also a factor.
Spiegel Online reports that more than 20,000 abandoned horses are roaming the country. They even include thoroughbreds that until recently were still being trained for racing. Many horses have been passed onto people who lack the ability, space and financial resources to take proper care of them. Scores of them are now grazing on pastures and are likely to die of hunger this winter, said Ireland’s Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ISPCA).
The ISPCA has hundreds of horses in need of re-homing, with new calls coming in daily of horses at risk. A check of most of the nearly thirty ISPCA Member Society website page links found hundreds of abandoned horse waiting for adoption or facing dire consequences some are referring to as ‘solutions’.
One of the solutions to end the plight of the starving and abandoned horses is a mass cull, involving a once-off amnesty whereby the State would absorb the cost of humanely destroying unwanted animals. As draconian as it sounds, to put a horse down in such a way is better than making it endure a slow death by starvation, according to French Horse and Country Magazine (FHC).
Fine Gael’s agriculture spokesman Andrew Doyle is adamant that a cull is needed to take horses out of the system. “There should be some sort of incentive for people to bring unwanted horses forward rather than being prosecuted later for cruelty,” he says.
Another option being considered as a solution would be to look for a derogation from the regulations on horses going into the food chain to permit animals without passports to go the meat-factory route.
“If you do a cull for a year or so, the problem is dealt with and you won’t have to do it again, Doyle told FHC. “It’s in our face now – we’ve a whole load of unwanted animals that no one wants to know about and if we don’t so something quickly the outcome won’t be good.”
Ireland’s Department of Agriculture acknowledges the current welfare problem but its view on a cull is that it’s “not an appropriate approach as such an initiative would not necessarily result in the slaughter of the target population – ie, those horses that are most vulnerable”.
The department has approved five meat plants around the country for horse slaughter, but these facilities can only take animals with clean passports so they can join the food chain. The average horse starving on a bog or a housing estate is not the type of animal that has a passport, said FHC.
If something isn’t done soon, the plight of the homeless horses, suffering through the current economic struggle, is going to get worse once the winter weather hits full-on in the country of Ireland.

An Embargo on Breeding? Tough Talk in Ireland on Tackling Equine Overpopulation Problem

Are You Listening AQHA

by Fran Jurga

What’s wrong with this picture? One of the world’s great horse events is going on right now. In Ireland, the Royal Dublin Horse Show is hosting not only the greatest show jumpers in the world, but dozens of classes for more than a thousand local horses, riders and hunts, and $1 Million in prize money.

Billy Twomey and Je TAime Flamenco in the Aga Khan Cup yesterday in Dublin (Horse Sport Ireland photo)

Billy Twomey and Je T'Aime Flamenco in the Aga Khan Cup yesterday in Dublin (Horse Sport Ireland photo)

Flowers bloom, immaculately-turned out children sit on perfect ponies. It is the great showcase of Irish horse civilization. Cleaned up, brushed off, and well, yes, he is for sale…

How big is this show? The class results are published in the newspapers just as we would read the football scores.

But this year, there’s a cloud over the sun that shines on Dublin. I’ve just read the address by Jimmy Cahill, director of the Dublin Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. He has warned of an unprecedented crisis in abandoned and underfed horses in Ireland, with a much worse toll to be taken as winter approaches.

Reading his words echoes all we here in America are dealing with: overcrowded rescue farms, underfunded charities, poor hay crops, and an overabundance of young horses that don’t seem to be finding their way to training and good homes.

“The Dublin SPCA has rescued over 100 horses so far this year in Dublin alone,” Mr Cahill said. ”Thirty-one have had to be euthanized as they were beyond saving and the situation is set to deteriorate in the coming months.”

Cahill blames the “Celtic Tiger” boom years of prosperity in Ireland, when everyone could afford a horse, or thought they could. And everyone with a mare bred her.

But while in America we debate about horse slaughter as an answer (what was the question again?), in Ireland Cahill simply and eloquently has called on equine welfare and sport agencies to support him in an outright embargo on horse breeding.

That’s right. Just turn off the tap. Stop adding horses to the bloated population. Stabilize what’s already on the ground.

“It is imperative that no more horses are bred in this country until all of those currently in existence have been rescued and rehomed,” he said.

“Until we as a nation can take responsibility for the animals in suffering around the country, we should not be allowing for further unlicensed breeding,” Cahill concluded. He also mentioned Ireland’s excellent reputation in the world for its standard of equine care and welfare, and the need to preserve the high regard in which Irish horses and horsemanship are held.

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Humane Society wants Stampede’s rodeo off the airwaves

Mike Lee of Decatur, Texas wins the Calgary Stampede Bull Riding Championship.   Photograph by: Leah Hennel, Calgary Herald

Mike Lee of Decatur, Texas wins the Calgary Stampede Bull Riding Championship. Photograph by: Leah Hennel, Calgary Herald

Canada’s Calgary Stampede is being called a “brutal violent spectacle” of animal cruelty by the Humane Society of Canada, which has filed a complaint with Canada’s broadcasting regulator over the airing of the world’s largest outdoor rodeo.

The push to have broadcasters phase out the Stampede — which kicks off this week — from their programming is sparking renewed debate over the controversial Canadian event, which in the last decade has been linked with more than two dozen animal deaths.

“It’s a form of violent entertainment (in which) animals are abused and exploited,” says Sinikka Crosland, president of the Responsible Animal Care Society in B.C. and executive director of Canadian Horse Defence Coalition.

“But because it’s an accepted thing, people don’t tend to look at rodeo with a critical eye.”

Rodeo scholar Tamara Palmer Seiler acknowledges this disconnect, describing the Stampede as “a kind of carnival where the world is turned upside down.

“It’s one of those festivals where what’s not acceptable in the daily grind becomes acceptable,” says Seiler, a professor of communication and culture at the University of Calgary. She explains city-dwellers’ attraction to the Stampede as a mix of “nostalgia for the lost world of the frontier, the end of open-range ranching and a sense that, with industrialization, the world has changed.”

Though Seiler observes that infatuation with cowboy mythology is fading, giving rise to growing public concern over rodeo-animal welfare, she predicts it will always have a place in the national psyche.

“Many people feel very close to this as part of their cultural background,” says Seiler, who grew up around rodeos and horses. “What may appear to the casual onlooker as cruelty may be just (a display of) a dangerous world in which people can be hurt, animals can be hurt.”

Since 1986, the Humane Society of Canada has documented more than 40 animal deaths linked to the Calgary Stampede alone.

Outside Calgary, chuckwagon racing at the Saskatoon Exhibition in 2008 saw as many as eight horses perish. The year before, a calf had to be euthanized due to injuries sustained during the tie-down roping event at B.C.’s Cloverdale Rodeo, leading organizers to ban the event altogether. And in May of this year, four chuckwagon horses lost their lives at a rodeo in Northern Alberta.

Of the latter deaths, the president of the Grand Prairie Stompede committee told local media: “I think for some people, that’s part of the allure, the danger of it. It seems to be that’s the exciting part.”

The Humane Society of Canada has formally asked the Canadian Radio-television Telecommunications Commission to phase out broadcast of the rodeo, which the organization claims violates code by glamorizing violence against animals. But the CBC plans a record 140 hours of coverage this year.

“Our fascination with the Old West makes these animals pay a terrible price,” says Society CEO Michael O’Sullivan, who has inspected rodeos as part of his 40-plus years in animal protection.

“They’ll tell you they’re stopping these animals from going to the slaughterhouse. But ask anyone where the rodeo retirement home is for horses and cattle.”

Rodeo participants, however, speak of their sport as a proud celebration of cowboy heritage and skills mastery, with the livestock likened to well cared-for athletes.

“The relationship you have with animals in the cowboy way of life is more unique than anybody could ever imagine having with their pet dog,” says Josh Peek, a 29-year-old rodeo champion competing in this year’s Stampede.

“Injuries are going to take place, that’s inevitable. But calves don’t just die if they get hurt. That’s a $500 calf. And we’ll put ten or 20 thousand into a horse that gets injured just to bring him back.”

Doug Fraser, a spokesman for the Calgary Stampede, says they’re working with the Alberta SPCA and Calgary Humane Society to uphold what they consider the “highest standard of animal care” in rodeo. Under stricter chuckwagon rules introduced last year, a driver was slapped with a 10-second penalty and a $2,500 fine, and ordered to pay the driver with whom he collided $10,000 for the death of his horse.

Fraser points to 2008’s event as an example of a “very successful year” — one chuckwagon horse was euthanized as a result of injuries sustained in a collision between two rigs.

Barry Cooper, who spent much of his childhood behind the scenes at the Stampede, says critics are simply ignorant to the realities of ranching and need to appreciate the “joys of being a redneck” — a term he uses affectionately.

“Everybody, when they were little, played cowboys and Indians,” says Cooper, author of It’s the Regime, Stupid: A Report From the Cowboy West on Why Stephen Harper Matters.

“The people who lodge these complaints . . . are philosophical illiterates when it comes to animal rights because there is no such thing as animal rights. It’s something these people have invented as an analogy with human rights.”

Rodeo Animal Deaths in Canada: A 10-year Snapshot

2009: Four horses are killed at the Grand Prairie Stompede chuckwagon races.

2008: A reported eight chuckwagon horses perish at Saskatoon’s Marquis Downs over a four-day racing event, while another chuckwagon horse is euthanized at the Calgary Stampede.

2007: A Stampede chuckwagon crash kills three horses. At a B.C. rodeo, a calf is euthanized due to injuries sustained in the tie-down roping event.

2006: Two Stampede horses are killed as a result of a chuckwagon collision.

2005: Nine horses plunge to their deaths off a bridge during a Calgary Stampede trail ride.

2004: An accident at Edmonton’s Klondike Chuckwagon Derby leads to four horses being destroyed. The same year, a veteran Stampede bull is put down due to internal trauma and a horse competing in the Stampede’s wild-horse event is euthanized after breaking its leg.

2002: Six chuckwagon horses are put down at the Calgary Stampede, along with a calf whose leg was broken during the roping event. In Edmonton, a four-wagon collision results in the death of a horse.

2001: A three-month-old calf is euthanized after its leg is broken during a roping event at the Calgary Stampede.

1999: A bucking bronco at the Can-Am Rodeo in Ottawa slams into a fence and breaks her neck, dying in front of 6,000 people. The same year, three horses perish at the Stampede and another is put down in Edmonton after breaking its leg in a rodeo event.

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