Auction Date Set for “Sanctuary” Wild Horses

Source: SD Dewey County Sheriff’s Office

Neglected Former Wild Horses Face Auction Block

SALE DATE 12-20-16
57ef2233a898e-imageThe sale had been set with Phillip Livestock in Phillip SD on Dec. 20th, 2016. It had not been determined the exact date that the horses will be loaded out to go to the sale at this time. The sale barn and the wrangler we have hired will arrange that date depending on weather and foreseen problems.

Also we got word that the road had not been cleared and a loader from the Ziebach County Highway Dept will be over at about 0700 tomorrow morning to clear the road for access to the property.

Also I plan on making a trip to the property tomorrow to see what else is needed as we near the end of the adoptions and transition to the sale. Please keep in mind that this is a very large impoundment with many complicated issues and we are all doing the best we can to get through this. If there is a problem we can fix, we will, but some things we just cannot help or fix.

Also I have seen some injuries that have occurred at the ranch and I remind everyone that safety is first and that you must think safety as we work to get through this.

Feel Good Sunday: Study Indicates Horses Learn by Watching Humans

By Christa Lesté-Lasserre, MA as published on TheHorse

“Could be good, could be bad…”

“For those of us who live with equines this study highlights something that we have known for quite some time…’how did he get out of the stall, how did he open the door to the tack room, how did he get the locked lid off the feed can?’.  These are all questions we have asked only to come back to the simple realization that our equine companions are often smarter than we are, or so it seems…particularly after sipping on a few industrial sized glasses of Wrangler Iced Tea.  Enjoy!” ~ R.T.

Ethan's Soul by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom FederationWhen you’re at the barn, do you ever feel you’re being watched? Watched, specifically, by a certain quadruped with eyes on the sides of his head? If so, better be careful how you latch that gate, open that feed bin, or untie that leadline. Researchers have confirmed what we’ve all suspected for years: Horses do, indeed, learn from watching their humans.

“(Our) results demonstrate that horses learn socially across species, in this case from humans,” said the research group, led by Konstanze Krueger, PhD, of the University of Regensburg, in Germany.

Specifically, the horses in their experiment learned that it’s possible to open a box of feed by watching humans opening the box, they said. However, the team isn’t certain the horses actually copied what the humans did. Rather, they might have been more determined to try different tasks to figure it out—as if to say, “Well if the human can do it, so can I.”

Krueger; Aurelia Schuetz, a PhD candidate at Nuertingen-Geislingen University, in Germany; and Kate Farmer, MA, of the University of St Andrews, in Scotland, employed 24 horses with at least three months of basic equitation training.

The team introduced each horse, in his home environment, to a plastic box containing a small amount of feed. When the horse wasn’t looking, they closed the box with a wooden lid. The only way to open the box again was by pushing a white electric switch placed on a wooden structure about 3 feet from the box.

The team then divided the horses into two groups. Half the horses could watch a familiar human demonstrator (someone who’d been caring for the horse for at least a year) press the switch to open the box. These horses could watch their humans open the box multiple times per day for up to two weeks—with a maximum of 120 demonstrations, Krueger said.

The other half could not see any demonstrations of the switch and served as controls, she said. However, their familiar handlers were present in the testing area with them.

Only two of the 12 control horses figured out how to open the box consistently, Krueger said. They did this through trial and error.

Eight of the 12 horses in the demonstration group learned how to open the box consistently. They might have used trial and error, as well, but they appeared more determined to find the solution, Krueger said: “They bit it, pressed it with their upper lip, played with it with the upper lip, licked it, and pressed it with their hoof,” the researchers stated.

The team found that younger horses were more likely to learn the task than older ones, a finding consistent with Krueger’s previous research indicating that younger horses appear more capable of social learning than their older counterparts.

And the horses that didn’t learn the task? Regardless of which group they were in, they seemed to be “expecting” something from the humans, the researchers added.

“The control horses which received no demonstration searched for more contact with the experimenters than horses of the experimental group,” they stated. “Alternatively, the horses’ behavior may have been affected by previous experiences in which persons may have solved problems for them, and may have expected the person to provide the solution.”

The study, “Social learning across species: horses (Equus caballus) learn from humans by observation,” will appear in an upcoming issue of Animal Cognition.

Exclusive: SD Newspaper Publishes Former Wild Horse Sanctuary & Government Agreement

Published by Isabel Dakotan Community Newspaper

Exclusive: This 10-page document represents the most recent draft of a management plan that was primarily dictated by the SD Animal Industry Board and Dewey and Ziebach Counties following the rejection of a first draft from the International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros and president Karen Sussman.

Sussman and ISPMB were declared earlier this week to be in default of court-ordered stipulations for failing to meet financial requirements, therefore this document is largely void. However, it does show the financial and operational regulations that would have been imposed at the ISPMB sanctuary had they raised adequate funds to keep any horses.

There will be an auction soon, county officials say. States Attorney Steve Aberle said that any horses purchased at the public sale by ISPMB or any intermediary buyer will be immediately subject to impound if they are back at the ISPMB ranch.

Click on images below to enlarge:



Q&A on Adoption of Beleaguered ISPMB Wild Horses

Information Supplied by Elaine Nash of Fleet of Angels

Fleet of AngelsUPDATE: APPLICATIONS RECEIVED AFTER MIDNIGHT ON NOV. 30 CAN NOT BE APPROVED UNDER THE CURRENT COURT ORDER. ONLY APPLY NOW IF YOU’RE INTERESTED IN ADOPTING ‘IF’ MORE HORSES BECOME AVAILABLE. FOA volunteers are working as hard and fast as possible to gather and sort horses. Horses applied for first, as well as adopters who already have transportation arranged will be facilitated in the order that they arrive. Transporters may be asked to assist with gathering, sorting, and loading horses, regardless of weather. If you are unable to assist, please let Palomino Armstrong know that you won’t be able to assist before arriving. Thanks, everyone! Teamwork works!


This campaign’s purpose is to help facilitate the adoption (and discount transporting if needed) of wild horses that belong to the International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros in Lantry, SD, and whose care is currently being managed by SD State Attorney Steve Aberle and the Sheriffs of the two counties in which the sanctuary is located, as the result of a Court order. I am coordinating this adoption effort at the request of Mr. Aberle, and am in contact with Karen Sussman as needed. I am not being paid, nor accepting donations for my assistance in this mission.

The deadline for available horses to be placed was November 30, 2016. Transportation of approved adoptions may continue after that time for a few days.

There are many horses available for adoption, and unless the Court orders otherwise, those not adopted by Nov. 30 will be sold at public auction soon after December 1, with the most likely market at that point being kill buyers.

There are horses available in almost every age range and size. Many of the mares have foals at their sides, and most of the mares that currently have foals are also in foal. As occurs in the wild, some mares have young foals and also an older youngster still at their sides. We would prefer these family groups be adopted together.

Many of the horses at the sanctuary are in good condition. Most or all of the horses will need hooves trimmed and managed to good condition as soon as possible. Some of the horses are underweight, and some have special needs such as advanced age, blindness, or lameness. Most of the extremely underweight horses are of the advanced ages of 20-30+ years old.

A concerned person made it possible for two photographers to travel to SD to take individual photos of as many of the horses being offered for adoption as possible. We are posting many of those photos on this page. Those photos need to be seen primarily as examples of horses available, as it is difficult- and often impossible, to ‘fill orders’ of specific horses due to the logistical challenges at the facility. Large open pastures with no corral or gathering systems often makes selecting, gathering, sorting, and loading specific horse a big challenge.

We are asking anyone who is interested in adopting to apply for at least two horses so that each horse will go to a new home with a horse it already knows. Adopters are asked to refrain from requesting horses from different herds if possible. There will be exceptions, of course.

Click here >>
Fill out on phone or computer and submit. No more printing, scanning, or taking photos of apps. Easy, breezy! (Provided for this campaign by Fleet of Angels.)
Adoption contract agreement terms are negotiable, so click No on any terms that you feel are unacceptable. THE AGREEMENT TO PROTECT THE HORSES FROM SLAUGHTER IS NON-NEGOTIABLE. Your applications will be reviewed ASAP, and we’ll be in touch with you as soon as we can. Please understand that we are incredibly busy, so feel free to nudge us if you don’t hear back soon.

At this time, there is no adoption fee for most of the horses. Health certificates, brand inspections, and an express Coggins test can all be arranged for at veterinary clinics in the area, with Coggins certificate, health certificate, and brand inspection available within approx. two hours.

For information on adoption approval status and for details on specific horses, please contact Barbara Rasmussen, the Fleet of Angels representative who’s on site it the ISPMB location.

I’m also working on possible adoption opportunities for large groups of horses, and am exploring the adoption of whole herds by some parties who are interested in taking them to large properties so the herds can live out their lives together.

Fleet of Angels transporters will assist when possible. All FOA transporters assist with Fleet of Angels missions for discount rates. Some trips may be networked into groups going to common areas for the benefit of both transporters and adopters. Those efforts will take place on the Fleet of Angels networking page, and will be up to adopters and transporters to work out together. ALL adopters seeking transportation through Fleet of Angels will be required to submit a Request for Assistance form on Fleet of Angels’ website (below). Most answers to questions about Fleet of Angels and how we work can be found on our website.

I am in discussions with the State Attorney Aberle regarding the horses that may prove to be un-adoptable during the small time frame that’s been allowed by the Court. There is a chance that they may be euthanized humanely, rather than sold for slaughter. To achieve that change from selling at auction (undoubtedly to kill buyers) as is stipulated in the current court order, a compassion adoption fee of $100-150 would have to be paid for each horse that is to be euthanized. The reason for this is that the two involved counties are two of the poorest in the nation, and are spending a significant amount of their budget on hay for the ISPMB horses, personnel, equipment, etc. They anticipate receiving some reimbursement of their outlay by selling the un-adoptable horses at auction. If you are interested in assisting with the funding of compassion adoptions, please email me at with your name and the amount you’re willing to contribute, so I can compile names and amounts to show the Attorney that advocates for the horses want to see this happen. I have no more information about this option at this time. Please don’t write me with questions unless you’re planning to contribute to the fund. I won’t be able to answer.

All that matters right now is getting the horses into good homes where they can be well cared for, for the rest of their lives. Thank you SO much to all the people who are willing to step up and work in positive ways on behalf of the ISPMB mustangs. Any negative, hostile, or threatening messages that include personal attacks against Karen Sussman, the State’s Attorney, the Sheriffs, ISPMB employees, ex-employees, me, or my team members will be deleted. Please refrain from commentary about this situation, what occurred, or how. There is considerable information that has not been made public, so the opinions of onlookers are made absent of all the facts and therefore not at all helpful to this effort.

Please work as independently as you can, find answers to your questions on ISPMB and FOA websites, fill out the proper forms, and network with each other as much as possible. My Fb friend list is at maximum number, so I’m sorry, but I can’t ‘friend’ everyone who is sending requests. I will try to check the Message Request box for non-friend messages frequently. If you have any new, factual information about this ongoing case, please contact Steve Aberle, the State’s Attorney. He probably will not be able to respond, unless he has questions.

Each horse will have to have a current Coggins, health certificate, and brand inspection to leave SD. It is not usually possible to get those while the horse is at ISPMB. Below are two vets- one in each direction of ISPMB, that can help you inexpensively and promptly. Takes about two hours to get express Coggins, which are available at both of these vet clinics:

(Two known providers of Express Coggins service in SD. There may be others.)

Howard Veterinary Clinic (Approx. 230 miles)
William Howard, DVM
1400 SD-20
Watertown, SD 57201
Phone: (605) 882-4188
Express Coggins, $40.00 per horse
Health Certificate: $35.00 (per destination)

Make appointment for no later than 4:00 pm for two horses, no later than 3:00 pm for four horses per trailer

Hours: 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM

Northern Hills Veterinary Clinic (Approx. 130 miles)
751 Pine View Dr
Sturgis, SD 57785
Phone: 605-720-1347

Express Coggins: $50.00
Health Certificate: $25.00

Make appointments no later than 3:00 if possible. Let front desk know how many horses when making appointment.

Mon: 8:00 AM – 12:00 PM and 1.30 PM – 6:00 PM
Tues: 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Thurs-Fri: 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM


Link to listing of SD brand inspectors:

SD brand inspection laws:


Donations for hay are VERY important, since the main reason for the short window of opportunity for adopters is based on the counties anticipated hay costs. The more funds that are donated, the longer we may be given to find homes for these horses.
Donations for hay are being accepted by Dewey County, and by ISPMB.

Please do not send donations to Fleet of Angels for this campaign.
Dewey County ISPMB Horse Fund donations information:
Checks are to be made payable to ‘Dewey County’ and write ‘ISPMB Horse Fund’ in memo line.
Mailing Address:
Dewey County Auditor
PO Box 277
Timber Lake, SD 57656-0277

To pay by credit card (a fee will be charged):
Call Dewey County Treasurer’s Office

Questions? Call Dewey County Auditor:
Elaine Nash

Int’l Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros
Karen Sussman,Director
Web site:

ADOPTION APPLICATION:…/Adoption%20application%20ISPMB.pdf
Fleet of Angels (Transportation network for at-risk equines)

Web site:
Facebook networking page:

Steve Aberle
Attorney for State of South Dakota

Dewey County Sheriff

Please be positive, proactive, and adopt horses ASAP if you can!
Thank you, everyone!

Dewey County Sheriff’s ISPMB Official Update

Information supplied by Dewey County Sheriff’s Department

“The States Attorney has approved for the adoption applications that have been approved by ISPMB to continue to be loaded out for the next week or so…”

As of 530 PM 12-01-16 the Counties have not been repaid and no monies have been shown for the ISPMB 18 month plan. Therefore an auction for the horses is being setup.

too-weak-to-standThe States Attorney has approved for the adoption applications that have been approved by ISPMB to continue to be loaded out for the next week or so. The end date has not been set for this at this time due to weather, etc.

However there is a limit for the number of horses that can be adopted out from the ISPMB. The stipulation states that no more than 1/3 of the horses could be adopted out or (based on 810 horses) 270 horses. Also no more than 20 per person without prior consent of the counties.
If you have been approved and get the horses loaded out in the next week, now would be the time to get it done. Weather is suppose to improve through the weekend, and then turn colder again next week.

There are some other options still being looked at, but there is little time and hope left at this point.

Our best guess for the date on the sale will be around the 19th of Dec at Phillip Livestock in Phillip SD. However this has not been set yet and when it does become available I will post it here.

If you do not get your horses from the ISPMB then the next best option would be to buy them at the sale and save them there.

HSUS-South Dakota Speaks Out on ISPMB Wild Horse Debacle

Statement from the Humane Society of the United States – South Dakota

Statement Regarding the Situation at International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros (ISPMB) in Landry SD


hsusFor several years, the HSUS invested time and financial resources in population control solutions at ISPMB by both providing teams annually to administer the Porcine Zona Pellucida fertility control drug, and hay donations. During these several years, HSUS staff counseled Karen Sussman that her herds were too big to be supported on the land she had. Even when ISPMB chose to discontinue the fertility control program, HSUS offered herd population management suggestions, and options for onsite gelding. Further, HSUS introduced ISPMB to Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries, which offers support, certification, and accreditation to animal sanctuaries and rescues around the world.

Unfortunately, in 2012 HSUS was forced to cut ties when ISPMB leaders failed to follow our recommendations and take action necessary to manage population growth. While Ms. Sussman continued to plead for assistance to feed her growing herds she repeatedly rejected any assistance to stabilize it. HSUS determined that continuing to assist Ms. Sussman would only lead to more animals in her care and greater suffering.

In April 2016, upon receiving a cruelty complaint about worsening conditions at ISPMB, our South Dakota State Director, Darci Adams, traveled to the ISPMB facility and, based on her observations, contacted the South Dakota Animal Industry Board’s State Veterinarian directly to request a check on the animals’ condition. At that time, the State Veterinarian replied to HSUS that they were aware of the situation and local law enforcement was driving by daily. The HSUS does not have law enforcement authority, so we directed those with complaints and concerns to the SD Animal Industry Board’s State Veterinarian and the Dewey and Ziebach County Sheriff Departments, as they are the agencies with ultimate authority in this matter.

In October 2016, law enforcement took action after an ISPMB employee posted photos to social media of sick and starving horses – including nearly 30 animals that had died – at ISPMB. The State’s Attorneys in Dewey and Ziebach counties entered into an agreement with ISPMB whereby ISPMB agreed to the voluntary impoundment of the horses on ISPMB property while the case was investigated. According to this agreement, until December 1st, ISPMB would reduce the population through voluntary adoptions. After December 1, 2016, the agreement stated the State would determine how many horses could be allowed to stay at ISPMB and how many would be sold at public auction, with the proceeds from the sale being paid first to the counties to cover the expenses of impoundment, and any remaining proceeds paid to ISPMB.

For the sake of the horses, HSUS and the Homes for Horses Coalition supported this adoption effort. Elaine Nash with Fleet of Angels was asked by the Dewey County State’s Attorney to facilitate adoptions, and HSUS made resources and manpower available to Fleet of Angels to support the adoption efforts. As of late November approximately 125 horses had been adopted.

While the HSUS does not currently have the capacity in its animal care facilities for these additional horses, we are supporting the efforts of reputable wild horse rescue organizations who have offered to take and care for a substantial portion of those horses. We remain hopeful that Ms. Sussman will allow the transfer of her horses to these facilities.

Under its agreement with the local authorities, ISPMB could be allowed to maintain horses after the December 1st deadline. Unfortunately, and despite the urging of The HSUS to the contrary, the state has thus far put no restrictions in place that will prevent ISPMB from continuing to breed animals. Furthermore, it is likely that most of the mares are pregnant and dozens of foals will be born this spring. In other words, regardless of how many horses are adopted and/or dispersed through auction, ISPMB will be allowed to continue to accumulate and breed horses on its property and thus we have reason to expect to be faced with this same tragic situation again at some point in the future.

Therefore, while the adoption efforts are vitally important to the horses currently under ISPMB’s care, their relocation will not solve the underlying organizational issues which perpetuated this cycle of neglect. It is vital that we prevent this situation from occurring again, and that will only happen if ISPMB is required to discontinue the breeding of its horses.

For this reason, HSUS focused its efforts in late November on communicating our concerns to State Authorities and urging them to impose conditions to prevent a recurrence of this situation. Specifically, we have asked the State’s Attorney for both counties and the South Dakota Attorney General to require ISPMB to stop breeding horses. We hope that with such restrictions in place, if allowed to continue to keep any horses, ISPMB will be left with a sustainable non-breeding population of horses.

Pursuant to ISPMB’s agreement with local authorities, on December 1 the unadopted horses at ISPMB were seized by the county. State law requires the horses be sold at public auction because they have value as “livestock” in South Dakota. ISPMB, by and through Karen Sussman, agreed to this stipulation; the counties will receive monies to recoup their impoundment expenses, and the balance of the sale proceeds will go to ISPMB. While law enforcement has agreed to allow pending adoptions for another 260 horses to be completed in coming weeks, this leaves another 400 to 500 horses at ISPMB still in peril. The HSUS is aware that reputable wild horse rescue organizations have offered to take and care for a substantial portion of those horses, yet Ms. Sussman has refused to allow that to happen.

The HSUS is strongly opposed to the slaughter of horses for human consumption, and we are deeply saddened that Ms. Sussman’s choices have put the horses at risk of being purchased at auction by kill buyers.

Furthermore, The HSUS is disappointed that criminal animal neglect charges were not filed by the authorities in this case. Criminal proceedings could have provided an opportunity for all remaining horses to be forfeited and placed for adoption, and might well have culminated in an order preventing Ms. Sussman from caring for horses in the future, and also preventing any further breeding or acquisition of horses.

We continue to support efforts by the wild horse rescue community to adopt as many horses as possible.

Authorities Would Consider Proposals in ISPMB Wild Horses Case


Courtesy Photo of emaciated horse in a pen at the International Society for the Protection of Wild Horses & Burros near Lantry, S.D.

Courtesy Photo of emaciated horse in a pen at the International Society for the Protection of Wild Horses & Burros near Lantry, S.D.

SIOUX FALLS, S.D.  — The prosecutor handling the case of a troubled wild-horse sanctuary in north-central South Dakota whose impounded animals are headed for auction says authorities would consider proposals from other organizations before selling the horses.

The remarks from Dewey County state’s attorney Steven Aberle came Thursday, also the deadline given to the embattled sanctuary’s president to repay the public funds that have been used to care for the 810 horses.

The animals were impounded in October after a state veterinarian found the horses were being neglected and a former ranch employee said the horses were being starved to death.

Karen Sussman is the president of the International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros’ ranch in Lantry. She denies all wrongdoing allegations, which she says were fabricated by a “disgruntled employee.”


by Elaine Nash as published on FaceBook

15326519_10212080846363016_7514677105363278423_nApparently there was a misunderstanding on the part of the Sheriff about the adoption campaign, who was notifying people that no horses could leave the ISPMB property after midnight tonight- adopted or not, and that they would be sent to auction later this month. However, this is the official word from the State’s Attorney to Fleet of Angels through our attorney this evening: ‘Anyone who has applied to adopt horses by midnight tonight will still be able to pick up horses approved for them.’

Now- here’s the good news/bad news situation: We have now received more applications for horses than there are horses to adopt. For the moment, we can honor all adoptions that have been approved. We will continue to explore what the future holds for this adoption campaign and for those innocent horses. So, forward ho- and thank you ALL for helping save as many of the ISPMB horses as possible! 11-30-2016


Update from Elaine Nash as published on Facebook


I want to provide you all with an update, but there are so many moving pieces to this puzzle that it’s hard to provide good, accurate information. There are a lot of rumors flying around, which of course is typical for Facebook. One rumor is that the Sheriff made a side deal with someone in TN and is letting them have all of the horses in exchange for the TN person paying off the small debt of under $25K that Karen Sussman still owes the state. Supposedly, those people will pick up all the horses within the next two weeks. (I wonder if they know that there are dozens of blind horses in one of the herds, and that they panic, spin, fall, and run over people when disrupted. We’ll be sure to have the media there to film the loading of those horses.) Another rumor is that the State Attorney has decided to send all of the horses to auction in late December. Neither of those rumors has been confirmed, and are suspicious on several levels. Still another rumor- delivered by the Sheriff directly to our team that’s on site at ISPMB is that NO horses will be allowed off the property after midnight tonight- adopted or not. That seems odd, since some adopters have already been issued bills of sale, so ISPMB is no longer the owner of those horses. We have been told from the time I accepted the State Attorney’s request to create and manage an adoption campaign that preventing the slaughter of the horses was the goal. I hope he remembers his pledge to me about that.

After weeks of working behind the scenes to get it put together, Fleet of Angels and our partner organizations have a terrific proposal on the table that would save every horse from slaughter. We have enough adoption applications in hand now to get every adoptable horse to a good home, and we have a truly wonderful program in place for some of the herds to live in a horse-perfect sanctuary in peace for the rest of their lives.

We will let everyone know as soon as we hear from our attorneys, who are in meetings on our behalf.

I want to thank EVERYONE of you who has worked to help us help the ISPMB horses. We don’t yet have an exact number of horses that have escaped the deadly fate so hoped for by some human monsters, but even if we don’t achieve the hoped for result for every horse, we will still have saved over 200 of the ISPMB horses from the worst possible fate.

This is still a situation in progress. No answers for questions until we have definitive answers for you. In the meantime, please don’t believe every Facebook rumor you read.

Clean Water Action’s Keith Nakatani & Matt Davis on fracking wastewater being used for crop irrigation, aquifer “exemptions” and more, on Wild Horse & Burro Radio (Wed., 11/30/16)


Wild_Horse_Burro_Radio_LogoJoin us on Wild Horse Wednesdays®, Nov. 30, 2016

5:00 pm PST … 6:00 pm MST … 7:00 pm CST … 8:00 pm EST

Listen to the archived show (HERE!)

You can also listen to the show on your phone by calling (917) 388-4520.

You can call in with questions during the 2nd half hour, by dialing (917) 388-4520, then pressing 1.

This show will be archived so you can listen to it anytime.

ca_staff-profile_keithnakataniKeith Nakatani

ca_staff-profile_mattdavisMatt Davis

Our guests are Keith Nakatani, California Oil & Gas Program Manager, and Matt Davis, California Communications Director, of Clean Water Action. Clean Water Action is a national organization, founded in 1972, that has over one million members nationwide.

Keith and Matt will talk about fracking wastewater being used to irrigate crops, the Aquifer Exemption program in the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and the Underground Injection Control (UIC) program that allows certain oil and gas and mining activity to occur in groundwater that would otherwise be protected as a drinking water source, and more.


“The Aquifer Exemption program allows injection directly into once protected aquifers and essentially ‘writes off’ potential groundwater sources.”

Clean Water Action empowers people to take action to protect water resources, build healthy communities, and make democracy work.  Visit them at and follow them on Twitter at @cleanh2oaction.

This show will be hosted by Debbie Coffey, V.P. of Wild Horse Freedom Federation.

To contact us:, or call 320-281-0585

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