Scoping notice for capture and removal of wild horses on Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range

Source:  The Mustang Center

Attention: Scoping Notice for Capture and Removal

The Mustang Center would like to bring your attention to a BLM Scoping Notice that was issued on September 14, 2017.  It is for the “Capture and Removal of Excess Wild Horses and Continued Fertility Control in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range”.  We encourage you to carefully read the information and follow the procedures if you choose to provide a comment.  We do know the BLM responds best to comments that are respectful and objective.  Comments are due on October 6, 2017.

Scoping Notice p. 1Scoping Notice p. 2Scoping Notice p. 3

Correction: BLM does NOT Agree to Increase Size of Pryor Mountain Herd

Every now and then we get slightly burned by sharing unedited and supposedly informational articles which we ‘assume’ to be correct and concise.  Of course, anything from the BLM directly is suspect from the git-go but from the mainstream media we expect better (even though the past election bias coverage should have sent the public screaming to the hills) but over the past two weeks we have been nipped twice and today we will try to rectify the most recent blooper.

Last week we shared an article that had the headlines that the BLM had increased the number of the wild horses allowed to live out their lives wild and free on the Pryor Mountains in Montana…but instead it has come to light that this is not true.  Where that unedited headline came from we do not know but it did not originate from anyone who tends to SFTHH.  So in an effort to clarify and bring our feet back to the ground it is the same business as usual at the BLM office in Billings Montana, under the direction of Jim Sparks, who IS currently taking comments on the current AML until the end of this week.

Included at the end of this unedited news articles are the comments of Ginger Kathrens of the Cloud Foundation and it is our hope that readers will take the time to respectfully request that Jim Sparks considers TCF’s recommendations prior to the conclusion  of this week.  You can make a difference.” ~ R.T.

“…appropriate management horse population of 90 to 120 wild horses…was based on a 2007 range evaluation, which the BLM was supposed to recalculate within five years…”

photo by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

photo by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

story by BRETT FRENCH of the Billings Gazette

BILLINGS – Ordered by a district court judge to re-evaluate the desired wild horse population in the Pryor Mountains, the Bureau of Land Management has come out with the same number as before – a maximum of 90 to 120 adult horses.

“We looked at our monitoring data and we don’t need to change our management level,” said Jim Sparks, Billings Field Office manager for BLM.

In a July 29, 2016, ruling, U.S. District Judge Susan Watters told the BLM it had used outdated information when it decided to remove wild horses in 2015 as part of the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range population management plan.

Mr. James Sparks
BLM Field Manager
5001 Southgate Drive
Billings, MT 59101

Dear Jim;

Thanks for allowing us to comment on the review of AML for the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range. On behalf of the Cloud Foundation we submit the following suggestions, ideas, and documentation.

While we do not challenge your monitoring data, we would like to point out why we believe the AML should be increased.

Administrative Pasture Additions

Acreage has been restored for wild horses with the removal of the North Administrative Pasture fence and, as we understand it, additional fencing and clean up is planned for the South Administrative Pasture in 2017. The total AUMs for the area are 135.6 or 11 horses, which would take the high AML to 131.

Experts familiar with the Pryor herd would likely agree with us that 131 is still well below the advisable minimum population size to maintain genetic variability.

Genetic Concerns

  1. Gus Cothran, PhD, in his most recent (2013) genetic report concludes: “The best way to maintain current levels (of genetic variability) would be to increase population size if range conditions allow.” At the time he wrote the report, the Pryor herd contained over 150 animals.

Frances Singer, PhD, in his Habitat Suitability Study wrote: Wild horses are not prone to rapid disease die-offs. However, minimum goals for genetic viability in the Pryor Mountain wild horses ( Ne > 50) require that at least 160 animals be present on the range (Singer et al. 2000). Since the Ne > 50 goal is set for the breeding of domestic animals, and since the vagaries of drought, severe winters, predation, and other stochastic events cause stress in wild animals, larger goals for Ne (e.g. Ne > 100) for wild horses are even more desirable (USDI, BLM 1999; Gross 2000).”

In his article, A Demographic Analysis, Group Dynamics, and Genetic Effective number in the PMWHR 1992-1997, Singer wrote that “. . .any management scenario that includes a decrease in population size will decrease total Ne, and thus increase the predicted rate of loss of genetic variability.”

Dr Singer studied the Pryor herd in depth for more than a decade and suggested a herd of over 200 was advisable and recommended range expansion. Dr. Cothran has been analyzing the genetics of the PMWHR for 25 years.

Expansion Candidates

Limitations on acreage for the Pryor herd remain a threat to the existence of a healthy, thriving population. With this in mind we suggest the following expansion possibilities:

The Sorenson Extension.

The Sorenson Extension area bordering the north end of the existing horse range in the Dryhead area is managed by the Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area-Park Service. In the early 1990s a Memo of Understanding (MOU) existed between the BLM and the Bighorn National Recreation Area. The wild horses were allowed to graze in this 1,600 acre area containing the highest quality forage in the Dryhead The MOU was cancelled shortly before I arrived in early 1994 to begin documenting the herd for PBS.

The reestablishment of a MOU between the Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area and the BLM would allow the horses to once again use this area which would allow for an increase in the AML.

The current manager of the BCNRA rejected an idea to reinstate the MOU a year ago. However, the request came from TCF and the Pryor Mountain Wild Mustang Center not the BLM. A request from BLM would likely carry more weight.

Also, the current head of the BCNRA is leaving shortly and a new person might be more amenable. We do not know why the MOU was cancelled back in the early 1990s, but it is likely that the horses were not so carefully managed then. That was certainly my personal experience.

Demi-John Flat (Pasture)

In the early 1970s Ron Hall, wildlife biologist for the BLM, wrote the first extensive report on the Pryor Wild Horse Range and included a recommendation on expansion areas based on historic horse use. Hall writes: “Expansion of the existing boundaries of the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range would be returning wild horses to areas of historic use. Expansion is compatible with PL 92-195 and is also a sound management procedure.”

Hall goes on to say: “Wild horses have occupied all of the Pryor Mountain Complex in the past. Man has now eliminated the horses on most of these areas.

Expansion of habitat could occur if the barriers to movement of the horses were eliminated. The barriers to movement into additional areas are fences, private land and natural barriers. (emphasis added) PL 92-195 states that expansion of horse herds into areas not occupied by wild horses on December 15, 1971, would not be considered. Areas considered below probably had wild-free roaming horses on them on the above mentioned date.”

Hall recommended numerous areas for legal expansion. The fifth area recommended was “Area 5-BLM-Frail Lands and Demijohn Pasture-Acreage 7657. C.C. 33 HU’s.” He goes on to write: “These areas have been used in the past by wild horses. It is not known for sure whether wild horses on this land on December 15, 1971.

Excellent forage conditions exist on the Demi-John Pasture. The frail lands provide a smaller quantity of forage. Crooked Creek Canyon essentially prevents movement of horses from the present horse range into the above areas. Trails could be contsructed at two points to provide access for horses to the enter this area. . . .An additional advantage of having horses on this area is increasing their viewability. Tourists driving down Crooked Creek would be able to view wild horses.”

We recently sent an informal suggestion to you on building a bridge over Crooked Creek. We agree with Ron Hall, Demi-John has high quality, abundant forage. The acreage is BLM land so there is no conflict with other agencies and I have not seen cattle in that specific area for decades.

Demi-John might also take the viewing pressure off the herd that lives in the higher elevations in summer. Demi-John can be accessed by non 4 wheel drive vehicles and has beautiful views looking east toward Burnt Timber Ridge, Sykes Ridge, and beyond to the Bighorn Mountains. It would be a great area for a roadside, interpretive area to educate people about this unique herd. I would also be an opportunity to underscore the rules of the range regarding off road use in the PMWHR, not disturbing he natural behavior of the wild horses and of course not to feed any of the wildlife. If fire bans are in place, it would be a good way to inform the public about this or any other special regulations.

­USFS Lands north of existing boundary fence

As you know TCF has submitted a plan to the Custer National Forest for a seasonal opening of the gates into the Custer National Forest atop the mountain. The 2 mile long fence currently prevents the horses from migrating into the CNF in late summer and fall. CNF has not responded to this proposal. TCF and others who value the Pryor Wild Horse Herd thank BLM for your support of this plan.

The Intangibles:

Philip Sponenberg, renowned color geneticist, acknowledges the importance of the PMWHR, and identifies the herd as a Spanish Colonial Herd because of links to the horses of the Conquest. Some of the closest living relatives of the Pryor horses are the Puerto Rican Paso Finos. This seems logical as the Conquistadors started breeding farms in the Caribbean, raising horses for the conquest of Mexico and South America. It is remarkable that we have these living reminders of events that took place nearly 500 years ago.

I remember standing with Phil atop the mountain years ago. He was talking about the remarkable primitive colors—the striped up duns and grullos below us in Mustang Valley. About that time, a young bachelor stallion raced from the snow fed waterhole and floated by. I asked Phil what color he called the young stallion and he said, I thought rather fondly, “Palomino.”

For these esteemed scientists, millions of people around the world, and those of us lucky enough to visit the Pryor mustangs on a regular basis, this historic herd holds a special place in our hearts and they deserve to safely live on in their mountain stronghold.

I know you share our feelings for them and will do all you can to make sure they have what they need to persist into the future.

If you would like to discuss some of the suggestions we have made to increase the AML and allow the population to remain at roughly the numbers they are now, don’t hesitate to call or email. Thanks again.


Ginger Kathrens
Executive Director
The Cloud Foundation, Inc.

BLM Boosts Pryor Mustangs’ Maximum Population Number

Written by  as published in The Powell Tribune

“I think, quite honestly, one of the biggest obstacles to their continued survival is their gene pool,”

The Pryor Mountains can support another five to 15 head of mustangs, according to a new reckoning by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management.

A judge ordered the bureau to recalculate the appropriate management level (AML) in 2015, said Nancy Cerroni of the Pryor Mountain Wild Mustang Center in Lovell.

In July, U.S. District Judg

photo by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

photo by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

e Susan Watters noted that the bureau had stated, in a 2009 decision, that it would recalculate the appropriate management level within five years.

“The court finds that federal regulations, case law and its own representations to the public bind BLM to this commitment,” Watters said. 

In a Dec. 21 notice, the bureau announced it had “completed an analysis of monitoring information and recalculated the AML.”

“In summary, the recalculation formula indicates a maximum AML of 98 to 121 adult wild horses; therefore the report states the current AML of 90 to 120 adult wild horses would achieve a thriving natural ecological balance on the PMWHR (Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range),” the notice from the U.S. Department of Interior/Bureau says.

Cerroni said she supports the work of the bureau’s Billings field office.

“I think the management plan is really good,” Cerroni said, saying it’s flexible, adaptive to range conditions and employs porcine zona pellucida (PZP) — a form of birth control for the horses. The bureau’s aim is a healthy population. It does not manage for specific colors in the horses. The bureau cares about the Spanish influence in the mustangs’ blood and a strong genetic pool, she said.

Cerroni’s son, Matt Dillon, has been tracking the herd’s lineage since the 1970s, she said.

“I think, quite honestly, one of the biggest obstacles to their continued survival is their gene pool,” Cerroni said.

The bureau is working with the center and Ginger Kathrens to watch genetics, Cerroni said. Kathrens is executive director of the Cloud Foundation, a Pryor wild horse advocacy group.

The herd has averaged around 160 head for years, Cerroni said.

There were 160 adult horses on the range in 2016, but there are no plans in the immediate future to gather the horses for later sale, said Jim Sparks, Billings field manager for the bureau.

Colt control

The Pryor Mountain Wild Mustang Center supports the use of PZP to prevent pregnancy in mares, but its leaders want to observe how it affects fertility when a mare is taken off the drug, Cerroni said. The bureau has been sharing its Pryor-PZP data.

The bureau is administering PZP to achieve a birth rate equal to the wild horse death rate, Sparks said.

Darting horses with PZP can be effective if the herd is small enough to distinguish individual mares, and if shooters can get close enough for a shot.

In herds ranging in the thousands, PZP is not so successful, Sparks added.

Cerroni said she believes the range can support 160 adults, because it has for years.

The population has averaged 155 adults for the last nine years, according to the bureau’s recalculation document.

Quoting Gus Cothran, Cerroni said the herd must have at least 150 adults to maintain healthy genetics. Cothran is the director of the Equine Blood Typing Research Laboratory at the University of Kentucky-Lexington.

A minimum herd size of 50 effective breeding animals with a total population size of about 150-200 animals is recommended, Cothran said in the bureau’s 2010 fertility control environmental assessment comment section.

Water & fewer foals

In 2009, the bureau undertook some water projects to encourage the horses to stay put longer in the mid-level of the Pryors to allow the upper (summer) and lower (winter) ranges to recover from grazing, Sparks said. If nutritious flora are  overgrazed, they will die off or be unable to compete with other less-beneficial plants.

The higher and lower grounds are at less than their potential, Sparks said.

The horses migrate to the upper range every summer, he said, “just like a herd of elk.”

Speak up

The public is welcome to comment on the recalculation and/or the report. Send comments to Bureau of Land Management, Billings Field Office, 5001 Southgate Drive, Billings, Montana, 59101-4669. The deadline is the close of the business day on Jan. 24.

The center will review the reports, Cerroni said.

The Pryor herd is doing OK, Sparks said. “They’re healthy.”

Judge Rules in Favor of Pryor Mountain Wild Horses

CLAIR JOHNSON For the Independent Record

“By operating with an outdated AML when it made its 2015 decision, BLM’s excess animal determination was based, at least in part, on pure guesswork,”

A federal judge in Billings MT has ruled that the Bureau of Land Management used outdated information when it decided to remove wild horses last year as part of a population management plan at the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range.

Pryor Mountain Stallions ~ photo by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

Pryor Mountain Stallions ~ photo by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

U.S. District Judge Susan Watters in a July 29 ruling said BLM’s reliance on the outdated management plan in making a decision that the range had excess horses that needed removal was “arbitrary and capricious.” Her order set aside the agency’s decision.

Watters’ ruling favored the Friends of Animals, a Connecticut-based advocacy group. The organization sued BLM last year after the agency said it would gather and permanently remove 20 young wild horses and continue removing six to 12 wild horses annually.

“We are thrilled the court didn’t let the BLM get away (with) violating the law,” said Jennifer Best, associate director of FoA’s Wildlife Law Program.

Watters’ ruling, Best said, recognizes “that BLM was removing wild horses from the Pryor Mountains before considering a reasonable alternative — determining what the appropriate population for the area is and whether the range could potentially support more wild horses.”

The judge’s order also found that BLM could “not ignore its promise to the public to do a more thorough analysis of the Appropriate Management Level before removing wild horses,” Best continued.

An AML, as defined by the agency, is the number of horses that can be sustained within a designated herd management area that maintains “a thriving natural ecological balance in keeping with the multiple-use management concept for the area.”

“I hope this decision sends a signal to the BLM that it cannot get away with ignoring its commitments and duties to protect these amazing wild animals, who are actually underpopulated,” Best said.

FoA alleged BLM violated federal laws by basing its 2015 Pryor Mountain horse removal decision on an outdated 2009 Herd Management Area Plan that established an appropriate management horse population of 90 to 120 wild horses. The appropriate management number, the group said, was based on a 2007 range evaluation, which the BLM was supposed to recalculate within five years.

BLM admitted it has not re-calculated the appropriate management level number since its 2009 decision.

Alyse Backus, a spokeswoman for the BLM, said on Wednesday a judgment had not yet been issued in the case and that BLM could not comment on pending litigation.

Backus said the 2015 horse removal did occur. The judge earlier denied FoA’s request for a preliminary injunction.

Watters’ ruling noted that BLM had stated in its 2009 decision that it would recalculate the appropriate management level within five years. “The Court finds that federal regulations, case law and its own representations to the public bind BLM to this commitment,” she said.

“By operating with an outdated AML when it made its 2015 decision, BLM’s excess animal determination was based, at least in part, on pure guesswork,” the judge wrote.

The Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range consists of more than 38,000 acres of desert, forest and high mountain meadows. There are no livestock grazing leases on the range, which was established in 1968 for exclusive use by wild horses and other wildlife. The herd is believed to be descended from horse used by Spanish conquistadors.

Ginger Kathrens, Exec. Dir. of The Cloud Foundation, with an update on Cloud the Stallion and wild horses on the Pryor Mountains, on Wild Horse & Burro Radio (Wed., 8/12/15)


Wild_Horse_Burro_Radio_LogoJoin us on Wild Horse Wednesday (*SM) , August 12, 2015

5:00 pm PST … 6:00 pm MST … 7:00 pm CST … 8:00 pm EST

Listen to the archived show (HERE!)

You can also listen to the show on your phone by calling (917) 388-4520.

You can call in with questions any time after I introduce Ginger, by dialing (917) 388-4520, then pressing 1.

This is a 1 hour show.  It will be archived so you can listen to it anytime.


Our guest tonight is Ginger Kathrens, Founder and Executive Director of The Cloud Foundation.  Ginger will be giving us an update on Cloud the Stallion and the wild horses in the Pryor Mountains in Montana.  Ginger will also talk about the BLM’s plans to sterilize wild horses & burros.


 Cloud walked up to Ginger’s car, perhaps to admire his likeness in the sign.

Tonight’s show is hosted by Debbie Coffey, V.P. and Dir. of Wild Horse Affairs for Wild Horse Freedom Federation.

To contact us:, or call 320-281-0585

Continue reading

Action Alert: Comment on BLM’s Removal Plan for Youngsters from Cloud’s Herd

Information provided by The Cloud Foundation

The BLM is seeking your comments on their proposal to remove “up to 25” young horses from the range starting this year.

Cloud and Encore ~ Photo by Carol Walker of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

Cloud and Encore – photo by Carol Walker of Wild Horse Freedom FederationBackground: The Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range (PMWHR is a spectacular wilderness but a high percentage of the 39,651 acres is rocky and unproductive for grazing. The herd now exceeds 160 adult horses. Without range expansion which TCF actively pursues, there must be some limited removals to ensure that the range continues to support the herd. There are no livestock on the range. The BLM is seeking your comments on their proposal to remove “up to 25” young horses from the range starting this year.

Because BLM’s email system is inadequate to accept large volumes of correspondence they request that you send a snail mail letter. Please formulate a polite letter in your own words. Here are some points to make:

  • Strongly Encourage BLM to adopt Alternative A, which calls for small, incremental removals as opposed to one large removal. Alternative A comes in response to suggestions made by responders to the Scoping document.
  • Ask that a time limit of three years be placed on these small removals, then assess whether further removals are needed based on the new PZP protocols as well as unpredictable limiting factors (i.e. weather/predation).
  • Remove no more than 6-10 young animals in any one year, so all the horses removed will have the opportunity to find good homes and the fragile genetics of this unique Spanish herd are not placed in jeopardy.
  • Do not eliminate the yearlings from the removal protocol. Yearlings are traditionally the most easily adopted, and adapt more readily to a domestic setting. Spreading the limited removals over mainly the yearling and two-year old quadrants will ensure that no unique animals will be removed and that the horses will be more likely to find homes and successfully adapt to a domestic life.
  • Remove as few three year-old as possible. Many three year-old fillies are settling in to life with their new bands and most three year-old males have become bachelor stallions, honing the skills they will need to one day win a mare. Because of this and their age, three year-olds typically require more time and expertise to gentle and train than most yearlings and two year-olds.
  • Do not remove any young horse that threatens the loss of a genetic line.
  • Do not remove any young horse that threatens the loss of a color. Encore is a low priority based on her sex and color. Mato Ska is the only blaze-faced roan that has ever been born on the Pryor Mountains to our knowledge. Palominos, Blue Roans and Buckskins are rare colors that must be preserved.
  • Please acknowledge that we appreciate being listened to!

Send your letter postmarked by June 6 to:
BLM Billings Field Office
Attn: Jared Bybee
5001 Southgate Drive
Billings, Mt. 49101-4669

For More Information call Jared Bybee: 406-896-5223
Environmental Assessment.
BLM Press Release
TCF Action Alert on Scoping Notice

Western Wild Horses Under Siege, details by Carol Walker on Wild Horse & Burro Radio (Wed., 4/15)


Wild_Horse_Burro_Radio_LogoJoin us on Wild Horse Wednesday (*SM) , April 15, 2015

6:00 pm PST … 7:00 pm MST … 8:00 pm CST … 9:00 pm EST

Listen to the archived show Here!

This is a 1 hour show.  Call in with questions during the 2nd half hour.  

Call in # (917) 388-4520



Our guest is Carol Walker, Dir. of Field Documentation for Wild Horse Freedom Federation who will talk about BLM’s plans to sterilize wild horses, the many deaths of the recently captured Wyoming “checkerboard” wild horses, the BLM’s plans that could, in essence, destroy the Pryor Mountains wild horse herds, and an update on the wild horses at the Black Hills Wild Horse Sanctuary. (photo above: wild horses in winter in Adobe Town, by Carol Walker)

4boyscarol-1958-editcc5x7 Carol Walker

Carol is a plaintiff in the lawsuit that has been attempting to stop the BLM from removing over 800 wild horses from Adobe Town, Salt Wells Creek, and Great Divide Basin in Wyoming.

Carol’s website is and you can see her photography of wild horses at

Tonight’s radio show will be hosted by Debbie Coffey, V.P. & Dir. of Wild Horse Affairs, Wild Horse Freedom Federation


Continue reading

Public comment sought on Pryor wild horse population control programs


photo by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

photo by Terry Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

BILLINGS – The Bureau of Land Management Billings Field Office is beginning a public comment period on an environmental assessment which analyzes the continued use of fertility control on the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range, the agency said in a press release Tuesday.

The agency is accepting public comment and is requesting any information, data or analysis pertinent to the environmental analysis for 30 days beginning Jan. 20, 2015. The environmental assessment is available for review by visiting the field office website at

Fertility control has been used to control the wild horse population since 2001. The current fertility control program began in 2011 and expires this year. A new proposal, based on the results from existing and previous treatments, is being developed.

“The Billings Field Office is excited to be on the cusp of nearly eliminating the need for wild horse removals due to the use of fertility control administered in the field,” said Billings Field Manager Jim Sparks.

The environmental assessment looks at two alternatives. The proposed action was developed based on results from the 2011-2015 fertility control using a vaccine. It is composed of a specific treatment prescription along with allowing for other management steps depending on changes in the wild horse herd.

The no action alternative is the continuation of existing fertility control treatment.

Comments can be emailed to by Feb. 18, 2015. Written comments may be mailed or hand delivered to James M. Sparks, Billings Field Office, 5001 Southgate Drive, Billings, MT 59101.

The BLM will issue a final decision at a later date.

The agency warned that including your address, phone number, email address or other personal identifying information in your comment to be aware that your entire comment, including your personal identifying information, may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask the agency in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, it cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

If you have questions or would like to request a hard copy of the EA, please contact Jared Bybee at the Billings Field Office at (406) 896.5223.

Carol Walker, Director of Field Documentation for Wild Horse Freedom Federation, Publishes New Book

It is with a great deal of pride that Wild Horse Freedom Federation announces that Carol Walker, our Director of Field Documentation, has published a new book. Congratulations, Carol!


501 MUSTANG [ATL].indd

Mustangs: Wild Horses at the Heart of the American Legend is released today in France by Edition Glenat.

This is a 192 page hardcover coffee table book featuring 200 images by Carol Walker. Journalist Cecile Plet wrote the text, which is in French, and the images star the wild horses of Sand Wash Basin in Colorado, Adobe Town and McCullough Peaks in Wyoming and the Pryor Mountains in Montana. This is Carol’s third book, her second about wild horses.

The book is available in Europe, and also with surprisingly reasonable shipping through Amazon France:

To read the French Press Release, click HERE.



Carol’s passion for photography started at an early age, with animals as her favorite subjects. She studied literature and photography as an undergraduate at Smith College, and continued her education in photography after graduating, studying portraiture and nature photography. She has traveled all over the world photographing wildlife for the past 30 years.

In 2000, Carol started her business Living Images by Carol Walker, specializing in photographing horses. Carol’s images illuminate the relationship between horses and their people, as well showcase the beauty of horses with her stunning images of horses at liberty. She teaches workshops for amateur photographers on equine photography. She markets her fine art prints from her website as well as in several locations on the Front Range of Colorado and has won numerous awards with her artwork.

Ten years ago, Carol began photographing wild horses. As she followed several herds in Wyoming, Colorado and Montana, she became aware of how precarious their situation on public lands has become. Since then, she has dedicated herself to educating people with her photographs and stories about the wild horses. She is one of the leading advocates working to keep America’s wild horses wild and free on our public lands. Her award-winning book Wild Hoofbeats: America’s Vanishing Wild Horses was released winter of 2008 and is currently in its second printing. Carol’s second book, Horse Photography: The Dynamic Guide for Horse Lovers is in its second printing as well.

For the last five years, Carol has produced a wild horse calendar for the Cloud Foundation with 50% of the proceeds as a donation to that organization. Proceeds from the sales of Carol’s artwork and books fund her work to keep America’s wild horses wild and free.

Carol is the Director of Field Documentation on the Board of Directors for Wild Horse Freedom Federation, which is dedicated to stopping the roundups and keeping our wild horses wild and free.


Ginger Kathrens’ Update on Cloud

by Ginger Kathrens, Exec. Director of The Cloud Foundation

The Courage of Cloud and Encore

Late May in the Pryor Mountains, 2014

When RT Fitch offered to join me in my search for Cloud, I think we both feared the worst. Were we going to be looking for a body or a live Cloud? My friend had offered to come so I would not be searching alone. The day before he was to leave his home near Houston, Texas, I called to let him know that Nancy Cerroni had spotted Cloud alive! And she said, “It gets better.” Cloud had somehow won back his mares, Feldspar and Ingrid! And she said, “Wait, it gets better still.” He and Feldspar have a beautiful new son! Our journey morphs into a joyous search for Cloud and his family.



RT and I, with our loyal companion, Quinn, spend four days together, three of them on Tillett Ridge. Quinn is particularly fond of his new friend, RT, who serves as his “seat belt,” keeping him from sliding onto the floor board on the bumpy roads.