21 Alleged Stray Horses Killed in Wyoming

Unedited article from The Casper Star-Tribune

“Have Wyoming’s Welfare Ranchers Raised the Bar on their Wild Horse War?”

Dead HorseTHERMOPOLIS — The U.S. Bureau of Land Management says it’s investigating the killing of 21 stray horses on federal and state land northwest of Thermopolis.

A BLM spokesperson said the horses were found Wednesday. Investigators believe they were killed sometime in the last two weeks.

Wild horses also roam parts of northern Wyoming but BLM spokeswoman Sarah Beckwith said Friday these horses were stray domestic horses.

The horses were abandoned on public land and have been seen running loose for the past few years, Beckwith said.

Beckwith declined to provide additional information including whether the horses may have been shot or poisoned. She said the BLM doesn’t want to compromise the investigation by federal, state and local officials by disclosing too much information.

The BLM is offering a reward of up to $2,000 for information leading to the arrest and conviction of those involved.

The Hot Springs County Sheriff’s Department, state officials and a local brand inspector are assisting with the investigation, according to a news release.

In 2010, the Hot Springs County undersheriff shot and killed a horse 100 feet from its owner’s home because he assumed it had been neglected and decided to put it out of its misery.

Chris and Larry Bentley later settled a lawsuit with former undersheriff David Larson, who agreed to pay the cost of the horse along with legal fees.

In a separate suit, a jury awarded the couple $25,000, saying a Sheriff’s Department policy that allowed deputies to kill sickly or dangerous animals was too broad and infringed on the Bentleys’ constitutional rights.

Under Wyoming law, abandoned horses that come under the care of the state can be sold to cover the cost of their care, or euthanized by a veterinarian.

People who abandon horses can be required to pay costs required for the state to round up and care for the animals, and may face fines or jail time.

Within the Dark Cloud of Cecil’s Murder Shines a Poignant Ray of Hope

OpEd by R.T. Fitch ~ Co-Founder/President of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

courtesy of the Dodo.com

courtesy of the Dodo.com

For the past several days I have watched the internet and main stream media light up and go cosmic over the disgusting murder of a much revered wild lion named Cecil. Although sickened and angry over this act of arrogant, egotistical bloodshed I was amazed and caught off guard by the intensity and viral reaction to the death and murder of one animal while here in this country we can barely get a nod over the harassment, brutality, injury and even death rained down upon our own wild horses and burros.

For decades men born with no penises and tiny brains, or is that the other way around, have been ruthlessly hunting and killing Lions and Tigers and Bears and even our wild horses and burros. The difference is that in THIS country our federal government is doing the hunting and dishing out all of the misery.

So what makes this one lion different?

Why with all of the other news plaguing our cyberspace and air-waves does this one tragedy roar to the forefront?

What’s the deal?

…and then it occurred to me, “What difference does it make?”

This one gruesome act shocked and stunned me to the very depths of my soul and obviously it had a similar effect upon hundreds of thousands of others, if not millions. If this one death of a wild animal half way across the world lit up thousands of Americans then perhaps, just perhaps, their eyes are no longer closed to the fact that our own wildlife is under assault, not just from individual hunters but from the very government that is charged with protecting those that they demean. If the loss of Cecil accomplished that one, lone and singular feat then his death was by no means in vain; he lost his life so that others can live and in honor of his ill-fated sacrifice I will pledge to continue to push for the rightful salvation of all that is wild and all that is free.

Cecil, the world will miss you and yes, it is now a sadder place to live without your presence on that distant savanna but go in peace knowing that your message has been heard, your heritage will be preserved and that you are not going alone. We shall continue to fight for family, freedom and to keep all that is wild, wild.

There is an extremely large paw print on our collective hearts, this day.

Blondie the Horse’s Accident Raises Moral Questions about the Carriage Tour Industry

as published in The Charleston City Paper

Horse Ethics

Meet Blondie. He’s a quiet, well-mannered Belgian horse who spent most of his first 12 years working in the fields of Ohio Amish country. Human employees of his current owner, Old South Carriage Company in downtown Charleston, say they see him as a coworker.

Blondie's accident left him on the pavement for nearly two hours before a crane righted him - COURTESY OF CHARLESTON ANIMAL SOCIETY

Blondie’s accident left him on the pavement for nearly two hours before a crane righted him – COURTESY OF CHARLESTON ANIMAL SOCIETY

Blondie had only been in Charleston about 70 days when he fell down in the intersection of East Bay Street and North Adgers Wharf on his first tour of the day around 9:30 a.m. on Fri. July 17. The driver told police that noise from a nearby cement truck spooked Blondie and caused him to back up into the carriage. When he fell, he remained on the ground for at least two hours before a forklift was brought in to help him back to his feet.

Blondie’s accident has prompted yet another round of a familiar debate in Charleston: What to do about carriage horses? Some protesters gathered in the street last week calling for the tours to be banned, as they have in some other Southern cities. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) released the following statement after the accident:

“Busy city streets are no place for horses, who are easily spooked by loud noises and commotion, so it should come as no surprise that Blondie’s collapse reportedly followed a scare. As temperatures in Charleston soared into the high 80s, temperatures where hoof meets pavement likely rose above 100 degrees. Blondie languished on that pavement for more than an hour before a crane was called in to lift him to his feet. This incident is yet another testament to the cruelty inherent in the horse-drawn carriage industry.”

The Charleston Animal Society, meanwhile, stopped short of calling for an end to the industry altogether, but it did successfully lobby the Mayor’s Office last week to order an independent veterinary review of the accident.

The moral questions of how humans ought to relate to horses hinges on some fundamental assumptions about the nature of the relationship between man and beast. Hal Herzog, a professor of psychology at Western Carolina University with expertise in human-animal interactions, says horses are a prime example of what he calls “the moral confusion that we have about animals generally.” Herzog dealt with this confusion in his book, Some We Love, Some We Hate, Some We Eat: Why It’s So Hard to Think Straight About Animals.

Historically, horses fit into the category of livestock or working animals. In some cultures, they were even treated as meat animals. But today, with animal labor no longer playing a central role in transportation or production in urban areas of the developed world, Herzog says their category is shifting.

“Horses are now what are sometimes referred to as a boundary species, and that’s the problem. In some ways they’re working animals and we see them as working animals, and in other ways we see them as pets,” says Herzog.

Add to that moral confusion the anachronistic appearance of a beast of burden lumbering down a modern city street, and Herzog says it’s no wonder that a diversity of opinions exists on how the horses ought to be treated.

“The degree to which we anthropomorphize animals partly depends on the category they’re in,” Herzog says. “So we’re more likely to anthropomorphize a horse than we would, let’s say, a cow.”

The welfare of horses is not a new cause for animal-rights activists. At its founding in New York City in 1866, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals made the protection of horses one of its first concerns, campaigning against city-sanctioned practices that overburdened carriage horses and even creating the first ambulance for injured horses.

Today, according to Charleston Animal Society CEO Joe Elmore, the city of Charleston could do more to ensure the safety of horses on hot summer streets. “We all know the carriage horse industry is controversial. Everybody in Charleston knows that,” Elmore says. “We’re focused on the accident and what can be learned from that to prevent this from happening again.”

Elmore, who has asked that the Charleston Animal Society be allowed to participate in the accident review, says the initial report from police raised several questions in his mind, both for the carriage company and the city.

“If what was stated is true and the horse reacted to the cement mixer truck, how are the horses operating now? Are they still going by that cement mixer truck each day?” Elmore says.

“The other thing was, in the police report, there were 10 passengers. Why weren’t any of their statements recorded to corroborate what the carriage horse operator said? I mean that’s just basic … If a Delta Airlines plane were to go down, you know you’d have the NTSB, which is an independent group, really investigating it. You wouldn’t have the airport or the airline providing the information.”

Elmore says he’d also like to see a review of city policies meant to keep carriage horses from overheating in the summer months. An ordinance currently requires tour companies to pull their carriages off the streets when the ambient temperature reaches 98 degrees or the heat index reaches 125, but Elmore says the city should reconsider the location for its official thermometer, which is currently several blocks north of the Market on Calhoun Street and affixed to a three-story building.

Shawn Matticks, a manager at Old South Carriage Company, says he doesn’t have a problem with submitting to an independent investigation, but he doesn’t see the need.

“If that floats their boat, let them do it,” Matticks says. “I don’t think there’s a need to because it’s pretty straightforward. I don’t know what else they’re going to find that is going to be contrary to what happened. They can come look at our records, they can talk to the police officer on the scene. It doesn’t change the narrative.”

Last Tuesday, with the heat index around 115 degrees in the afternoon, Old South made the decision to bring its horses in from the heat, despite the fact that city ordinances would have allowed them to keep working. Matticks says the company lost money because of the decision, but they decided it was best for the horses.

According to Matticks, on the day of Blondie’s accident, he got a call from his driver and ran the half-mile to the scene to help. He says he, his staff, and a veterinarian tried using water, ice, and even intravenous steroids to help coax Blondie back onto his feet, but they determined that the horse had lost blood circulation to two feet from lying on his side. His feet had fallen asleep, essentially.

Matticks says the company’s veterinarian determined that Blondie’s body temperature, breathing, heart rate, and hydration were all fine. Blondie is resting at the company’s pasture on Johns Island now, but he says the horse’s only injury from the accident was some abrasion to his legs from the asphalt.

On the day of the accident, Matticks says he wasn’t thinking about business. He says he was thinking about a coworker.

“When I came up on the scene and saw Blondie laying there, I didn’t see Blondie the horse or ‘Oh my God, my people aren’t going to finish their tour,'” Matticks says. “I saw my coworker laying there on the ground, and I was trying to get him back up.”

Ricky Bobby the diaper-wearing donkey finds home in Decatur, TX

as published on The Fort Worth Star-Telegram

“There is no doubt he is our baby”

This Ricky Bobby is a real jackass.

But the Wilson family just loves him.

Donkey Ricky Bobby has been adopted by Johanna Wilson, a staff member of the Humane Society of North Texas. - photo by Joyce Marshall

Donkey Ricky Bobby has been adopted by Johanna Wilson, a staff member of the Humane Society of North Texas. – photo by Joyce Marshall

The Bethlehem donkey, almost two months old, is nearly housebroken. He sometimes wears Depends for Women and there are pee pads on the floor.

Ricky Bobby sleeps in the bedroom with Johanna and Terry Wilson of Decatur.

A German shepherd-Great Dane mix named Beulah acts as a sort of nanny for the 20-pound donkey.

“He thinks he’s a mix between a dog and a horse,” Johanna Wilson said, breaking into a giggle. “There is no doubt he is our baby.”

Ricky Bobby’s story was nearly a tragedy.

His mother was one of 142 donkeys seized by officials in April and May from a feedlot in Kaufman County and a site in Louisiana, animals that were headed to slaughterhouses in Mexico. Officials estimate that the number of donkeys being held in Texas border towns awaiting slaughter in Mexico increased by 214 percent in the last year.

“They were sick so they had to be quarantined in Crowley,” said Whitney Hanson of the Humane Society of North Texas. The donkeys were Bethlehems, paints and miniatures. “They had respiratory problems and pneumonia.”

Dozens of the jennies were pregnant, including Ricky Bobby’s mother, who gave birth to him June 8 in Crowley at a quarantine facility operated by the Humane Society of North Texas.

Born premature, he weighed about 10 pounds — a normal donkey birth weight is 20 pounds.

“The day before, another donkey had given birth and as soon as Ricky Bobby was born his mother went straight to that other baby,” Johanna Wilson said Thursday. “She just rejected Ricky Bobby. We tried to get that other jenny to take Ricky Bobby, but she wouldn’t.”

Officials called the Wilsons to help. Johanna Wilson is a staff member with the Humane Society of North Texas. The couple owns a ranch near Decatur, which the humane society leases for horses and livestock.

The Wilsons adopted the new donkey, brought him to Decatur, bottle-fed him and gave him medications around the clock for the first few days.

Johanna Wilson named him Ricky Bobby after the character Will Ferrell played on Talladega Nights: The Legend of Ricky Bobby.

“In that movie, Will Ferrell had the line, ‘If you ain’t first, you’re last,’” Wilson said. “He was born, and another baby got milk from his mother and then got milk from Ricky Bobby’s mother. Ricky Bobby was last, and that made me think of that line.”

But Ricky Bobby isn’t last in the Wilson household. He’s loved and fed goat’s milk and milk pellets four times a day, enough to help him gain 10 pounds.

Along with Beulah, the Wilsons have four other dogs: Biscuit, Sug, Trish and Coco, all play partners for Ricky Bobby.

His other farm friends include four silkie chickens, three hogs and at least five horses at the Six Ds Ranch.

The Wilsons have six daughters and one son.

Johanna Wilson plans to keep Ricky Bobby somewhat homebound until the end of summer.

“I have to make sure he can exist on his own and can get away from any problems,” Johanna Wilson said, sounding like a mother talking about her child. “I think we’ll get to a point that we will be able to leave him in the barn.”

She also has Ricky Bobby’s career laid out. She sees him as a goodwill ambassador who will go to schools and nursing homes, comforting patients and educating children about donkeys.

Ricky Bobby was a big hit at the First Baptist Church Crowley, where he met with autistic children last month.

The little guy seldom leaves Johanna Wilson’s side.

“I think donkeys make the best pets,” she said. “You have to love and care for them, and once you do that, they are very devoted to you.”

Feel Good Sunday: Da Vinci, The Chestnut Foal, Always Has A Horse On His Back

Chestnut foal has unique marking which runs up his left shoulder and neck

It looks like an optical illusion but this chestnut foal was born with his own perfect white shadow.

The unique marking is the profile of another horse which runs up his left shoulder and neck.

It then merges seamlessly from white to black into his mane.

Da Vinci

The pattern is such a work of art that the foal’s owners have called him Da Vinci, or Vinny for short.

He was born at the start of May at Fyling Hall riding school at Robin Hood’s Bay, North Yorkshire.

Wendy Bulmer, who runs the riding school, said: ‘I bought his mother at a sale and didn’t know she was in foal [pregnant] so that was a bit of a surprise.

‘I wasn’t very happy at first but he is so friendly and the kids love him.

‘The chestnut horses have irregular patches but they don’t normally make something as recognisable.

‘He’s even got a little white heart shape on his bottom as well.’

Stewart, Hatch Wage War on Wild Horses and Burros with Bills to Give States Power to Manage Wild Equines into Extinction

Source: Multiple

“Below is an unedited article that has appeared in many publications across the country and beyond.  The content, as usual, is riddled with bad facts, incorrect information and bombastic assumptions that all point to the demise of our wild equines for the benefit of special interest groups who support individual political agendas.  I am sickened to the very depths of my soul.  We, as Americans, are so much better than this but the public’s will is continually denied by those who hold political office.  They ALL need to go!” ~ R.T.


Rep Chris StewartWASHINGTON, D.C. — Rep. Chris Stewart and Sen. Orrin Hatch introduced legislation Thursday giving states and Indian tribes the option to take over the management of wild horses and burros. The Wild Horse Oversight Act of 2015 would preserve all protections under the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971 and allow states to implement horse and burro management plans that address the specific needs of their own state.

“The federal government has never been able to properly manage the horses and burros in the west,” Stewart said.“Every state faces different challenges, which is why it’s important that they have the ability to manage their own wildlife.”

In the 44 years that the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act has been in place, horse and burro populations have soared above the populations envisioned in the legislation. This has led to the destruction of important rangeland and habitat for native species.

The BLM is neither capable nor equipped to manage wild horse populations, and federal stewardship has allowed their numbers to reach unsustainable levels,” Hatch said. “Deferring management authority to states and tribes is a commonsense solution that will mitigate the devastating ecological consequences horse overpopulation is causing to public lands in the West. Ranchers shouldn’t have to pay such a steep price for the federal government’s inability to manage wild horse populations successfully.”

Sen Orrin HatchThis bill would allow states to form cooperative agreements to manage herds that cross over borders, and the federal government would continue to inventory the horses and burros to ensure that the population numbers as prescribed by the 1971 Act are maintained.

“States and tribes already successfully manage large quantities of wildlife within their borders,” Stewart said. “If horses and burros were under that same jurisdiction, I’m confident that new ideas and opportunities would be developed to manage the herds more successfully than the federal government.”

A local approach would allow for coordination and partnerships between landowners, ranchers and other groups, Stewart said, “to provide better oversight and create a localized approach to each population and rangeland.”

What’s a Model of Self-Awareness? A Horse, of course

By KARIN KAPSIDELIS as published in the Richmond Times-Dispatch

“There’s something very powerful about being face to face with these creatures who are large and who mirror our energy,”

Teachers (from front) Anne-Margaret Evers of The Goddard School, Bonnie Sponsler of South Elementary School in Prince George, and Pamela Johnson of Patrick Copeland Elementary School in Hopewell work with Henry, a 12-year-old Appaloosa-Thoroughbred cross, during the equine-assisted learning class. – photo by JOE MAHONEY/TIMES-DISPATCH

Mooch, the 5-year-old mustang with the mischievous eye, was getting all the attention.

As three teachers tried to coax him to the end of the arena without benefit of halter or lead rope, Henry waited passively to be called on, his attention wandering off to a pair of horses stalled nearby.

“We felt like Henry was going to cooperate no matter what,” said Kathy Hayes, a Prince George County elementary school resource teacher, explaining why her team chose Mooch for the exercise.

“So tie that to the classroom,” Barbara Morgan, associate professor of psychology at Richard Bland College, asked the teachers. “What happens to those who cooperate?”

“They get overlooked at times,” Hayes said. The attention goes to “the one we know is going to be the challenge.”

But in this equine-assisted learning class offered by Richard Bland, it was the horses doing the teaching.

The challenge for the students was to interpret the shifting body language of horses as a lesson in self-awareness they could take back to school.

The weeklong teacher recertification class focused on coping strategies and stress management intended for “helping professionals,” said Morgan, a licensed professional counselor, marriage and family therapist and a certified psychotherapist through the Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association.

Horses make excellent teachers, Morgan said.

“There’s something very powerful about being face to face with these creatures who are large and who mirror our energy,” she said.

As prey animals, with their survival at stake, horses constantly monitor their environment and the dynamics of anyone around them, Morgan said.

“They are highly emotionally intelligent and good sources of information about what is happening during an activity involving them,” she said.

Through its new equine center, Richard Bland also offers a three-course Equine Therapy Certificate, a credential for students enrolled in the college’s associate in behavioral science degree program as well as for licensed professionals seeking additional skills.

In both equine-centered classes, the horse is a key member of a team whose role is to serve as a metaphor for self-reflection, Morgan said.

“It’s not about horsey magic or petting the pony will heal you,” she said. “It’s really a learning model.”

The classes are ground-based — no one rides the equine team member.

“It really is the only time that horses can be exactly who they are while working for us,” Morgan said…(CONTINUED)

Click (HERE) for the rest of the story

Wild Horse Found Shot in Utah

Source: Multiple

“Harassing, capturing or killing wild horses is illegal,”

photo by Chris Detrick of BLM Swasey roundup Feb/2013

photo by Chris Detrick of BLM Swasey roundup Feb/2013

The Bureau of Land Management is investigating the killing of a wild horse found dead from a gunshot wound in Millard County, Utah.

A $2,000 reward has been posted for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person who fired a small-caliber bullet and killed the 14-year-old palomino stud.

Responding to a report from a local resident, BLM officers found the dead horse near Middle Pond in the Swasey Herd Management Area about 40 miles west of Delta. Volunteers last saw the animal alive July 5. The body was found July 7.

The area is on the eastern flank of the House Range, north of U.S. Highway 6. The herd is named for Swasey Peak, the range’s highest point.

Fanning the flames in the investigation is the well publicized fact that Utah state and county officials claim the BLM has allowed wild horse numbers to proliferate to the detriment of the range and the livestock industry that depends on grazing on public lands.  Said officials have gone on record threatening the BLM with lawsuits which to date, have failed and only succeeded in painting the state with an unfavorable national image.

“Harassing, capturing or killing wild horses is illegal,” said Kevin Oliver, the BLM’s West Desert district manager. “The BLM is committed to enforcing the act and finding those responsible.”

The BLM spends millions of dollars annually harassing, capturing, and in some cases killing, wild horses where the survivors of the roundups are then placed in gender segregated holding facilities for the remainder of their unnatural lives.

Anyone with information related to the case is asked to contact BLM Law Enforcement at 801-539-4082.

New Animal Cruelty Charges for Conroe TX Horse Farm Owners

ABC 13 Houston

New charges have been filed against a Conroe farm owner accused of neglecting more than 200 horses.

Herman Hoffman and his wife, Kathleen Hoffman, face 17 new counts of animal cruelty. He also is charged with one count of tampering.

The Hoffmans already were charged with three counts of animal cruelty after Montgomery County investigators seized more than 200 horses from the Calico Diary farm last month. Authorities claimed the animals appeared to be starved and neglected.

Bond was set for $12,750 for each of the new misdemeanors and $10,000 for the felony tampering charge.

The two turned themselves into authorities Friday afternoon.

(Footnote: The couple want their seized horses back)

Feel Good Sunday: A Legend, a Story, and One Special Horse

by  Kristin Froneman – Vernon Morning Star

“Many have said they have never met a horse like him,”

The Horse

Endo the Appaloosa nuzzles and performs  for his owner/trainer Morgan Wagner during a rehearsal for Caravan Farm Theatre’s summer production of The Night’s Mare.— image credit: Kristin Froneman/Morning Star

Endo the Appaloosa nuzzles and performs for his owner/trainer Morgan Wagner during a rehearsal for Caravan Farm Theatre’s summer production of The Night’s Mare.— image credit: Kristin Froneman/Morning Star

They ride as one down through the pasture to where the stands are lined up, waiting for people to bear witness.

The rider jumps off and makes a verbal command and taps the horse’s hindquarters, gently. With a swish of his tail, the slightly speckled white horse rears, his front legs straight up in the air like one of those gallant Lipizzaners from Spain.

Another command from his owner, and he is bent down on those same legs, kneeling as if the Queen is standing before him.

To say Endo is a special horse is an understatement. He is not only able to understand and perform more than 30 commands, he is fully attuned to his owner and trainer Morgan Wagner.

She acts as Endo’s eyes since the Appaloosa gelding is completely blind.

Even though he cannot differentiate between light and dark, Endo has acclimatized to many different situations, even competing in equitation events.

“Many have said they have never met a horse like him,” said Wagner, who is currently with Endo in the North Okanagan for a unique reason.

Endo is about to make his theatrical debut.

He has travelled with Wagner from their home in Corvallis, Ore. to Armstrong to be part of Caravan Farm Theatre’s upcoming summer production of The Night’s Mare.

“We were looking for a magical horse, a beautiful horse, so we started to look around  and we heard about Endo,” said Courtenay Dobbie, Caravan’s artistic director, who is taking the reigns to direct The Night’s Mare.

Endo may not be a traditionally beautiful horse, but his personality and abilities have impressed all who have met him. That includes The Night Mare’s playwright Kevin Kerr, the Governor General award winning author of Unity: (1918), who was at Caravan recently to observe the first rehearsal with Endo.

“I can’t believe our luck. He’s perfect,” exclaimed Kerr, watching Endo lie down so Wagner could climb onto his back.

Endo was gifted to Wagner by her grandmother 15 years ago before she moved to Oregon from her hometown of San Bernadino, Calif.

Sighted then, it was five years ago when Wagner noticed something was wrong with one of Endo’s eyes.

“It was clouded and it was really puffy,” she said.

A visit to the vet confirmed that Endo had equine recurring uveitis (ERU), also known as moon blindness. Unsure of the cause, the disease is a chronic, recurring inflammation of the uveal tract of the eye. It is also very painful, and the reason the vet decided to remove Endo’s infected eye, followed by the other eye nine months later when it suffered the same symptoms.

“We had to work on Endo’s balance once his eyes were removed. He was quite dizzy and sedated,” said Wagner, who started retraining Endo to adapt to his situation.

Caravanhorse-4cropped“He already knew some words before he lost his eyes, but he could no longer follow hand signals. Now he remembers words. He knows ‘jump,’ and if I say ‘leg’, he lifts his leg to say get on a bridge.”

A little encouragement, and a taste of Endo’s favourite treats, also go a long way.

“He loves soft mints,” said Wagner, adding, “He remembers where the walls in his stalls are and where his favourite place to roll around is. He smells his way around. At home, he has a mini mare and a colt he loves to play with.”

Endo’s theatrical debut is also fitting as he is now used to performing in front of crowds.

Last year, he participated in his first show and competition at the Northwest Horse Expo All Breed Challenge and, thanks to a fundraising campaign, he and Wagner were  able to attend the Andalusian World Cup in Las Vegas, where the crowds were amazed by his abilities….(CONTINUED)

Click (HERE) to experience the rest of the story and to comment directly at Vernon Morning Star