Wild Pig Bonds with Polo Ponies

By of KITV.com

Feel Good Sunday ~ “Meet Wilma the Feral Pig. She thinks she’s a horse.”

HONOLULU —Penny the Dog is barking at a wild pig roaming among a herd of horses.

But not everything is always what it seems.

“Common silly pig!” called Sarah Keawe, a handler with the Hawaii Polo Club in Molukeia on Oahu’s scenic North Shore.

That pig is named “Wilma” and she’s more than welcome.

In fact, Wilma’s decided where the horses roam, is exactly where she wants to be.

She sticks to them like glue until she needs to do what you might expect from a feral pig when a watering hole is on the way.

“All clean now!” laughed Keawe, after Wilma took a roll in the water, then jumped back in line.

The herd reaches the open field at the polo club.

It’s the kind of site that makes you rub your eyes and blink twice.

“You did good Wilma,” Keawe chirps, as the little pig keeps up the pace.

Wilma continued to trot lock-step from start to finish — even though she’s quite a bit shorter than her four-legged friends.

“She came over and just adopted all of the horses, said Devon Daily, an accomplished polo player, who manages the club.

Frank Hinshaw, AKA “The Pig Whisperer,” owns Skydive Hawaii across the street.

He has a pretty good idea what happened.

“She was in a family of a half-dozen or eight piglets. We’d see them on the side of the road and she was the only one who has the sense to come over to this side of the road I guess,” he said, laughing.

“Yeah, she thinks they’re her herd,” said handler Sarah Keawe, who cares for Wilma nearly every day.

She said Wilma works the whole room, but has her favorites, and none of the horses seem to mind her company.

They suspect, in Wilma’s mind, she’s not much different.

“I think she thinks she’s a horse. You know, this is her family. This is what she has left,” said Daily.

These days, she’s sporting a red harness.

Wilma roams free, but and everybody here knows they needed to do something to try and keep her safe.

“There’s tons of hunters around here. It needed to be done,” said Daily, smiling softly.

“We just wanted her marked so people would know that she’s a pet,” said Keawe.

If there was any question she’s still wild, wait until she thinks she’s getting short-changed on food.

Her squeals splintered our ears when she couldn’t get to a few morsels stuck on the bottom of a nearby bin.

“She’s still got her piggy ways,” chuckled Keawe.

But most of the time she’s friendly, curious, and no doubt, getting downright comfortable.

When Hinshaw’s co-worker T.K. offered up a tummy rub, Wilma flopped to her side and closed her eyes.

“Have you guys named her?” asked visitor Kristen Kramar.

She was waiting for a trail ride with her 13 year-old daughter Mieka.

“Wilma! Oh that’s so sweet!” said Kramar.

The two were on their last day in the islands before heading back to Winnepeg, Canada.

“She’s a camera ham! But don’t say ham to much,” she laughed.

Kramar said, all she knew of feral pigs came from a warning from a friend who told her to stay away. But this time:

“It’s so cool that we get to see the wildlife that’s actually here in Hawaii! She’s just wonderful,” said Kramar.

The occasional cries from Daily’s baby girl Isla Grace was no match for Wilma.

He envisions pairing the two, maybe making a miniature saddle for Wilma, if she’ll have it.

Besides, they know that unexpected edition will always be able to call it home.

“I want her to be here for a long time,” said Keawe.

Click (HERE) to comment directly at KITV

Action Alert: BLM Pryor Mustang Removal Plan

Source: The Cloud Foundation

Speak Up to Keep Young Pryor Wild Horses on the Range!

Comments on the BLM Pryor Wild Horse removal are due April 24.
The BLM proposes to remove 30 Pryor Mountain wild horses aged 1, 2 and 3 using bait trapping this year.

Cloud's youngsters are at risk.  Photo by R.T. Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

Cloud’s youngsters are at risk. Photo by R.T. Fitch of Wild Horse Freedom Federation

The BLM is to be commended for its excellent PZP program, however, the current plan has not been in place long enough to achieve the desired result of balancing reproduction with natural mortality, thereby making removals unnecessary.

If 30 horses ages 1-3 are targeted, most of Cloud’s young offspring (Encore, Mato Ska and Ohanzee) could be removed from the mountain as well as many other unique, irreplaceable young horses, including Navigator, the only living offspring of the long- time band stallion, Custer who is 19 this year. We encourage you to politely speak out, urging the BLM to analyze alternatives to such a large removal.

Recommended areas of analysis for BLM to include in their forthcoming Environmental Assessment:

  • Analyze incrementally removing 6-10 young horses in the 1-2 year old age groups for the next three years. (Removing only a limited number of young horses yearly will give them a greater chance of being adopted to quality homes.)
  • Analyze whether darting all mares with two offspring on the mountain would balance reproduction and mortality in a more timely manner.

Pursue ALL alternatives to mitigate genetic damage resulting from the removal of horses:

  • Removal of 30 horses exceeds the number that could be removed per the current PZP decision record which requires at least one offspring per mare, one year or older will be left on the range. There are not 30 young horses that could be removed without violating this requirement.
  • Removal of 30 horses further threatens genetic viability.
  • Analyze bait trapping in winter months when genetically over-represented bands are more easily accessible.

Re-examine Rangeland Expansion/Improvements to ensure adequate forage for a genetically viable herd:

  • Negotiate for rangeland expansion with sister agencies, USFS and National Park Service (Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area).
  • Immediately open Administrative Pastures and take down fences using adaptive management as justification. Use volunteers as needed.
  • Remove all exclosures not being used for range monitoring to maximize forage available for herd. Use volunteers as needed.
  • Carry out aerial re-seeding per the 2009 HMAP.

Request that the forthcoming EA include:

  • All current range monitoring data.
  • All PZP darting records.
  • An updated census that includes all horses that have died since the fall 2014.
  • All yearly death rate data since 2009 to substantiate the average loss of 6-12 horses year.

Evaluate Natural Management Alternatives:

  • Coordinate with Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks to reduce mountain lion hunting in the PMWHR.

Please submit your written comments to:

Jim Sparks
Field Manager BLM-Billings Field Office
5001 Southgate Drive
Billings, MT 59101
Email: BLM_MT_Billings_FO@blm.gov

Jim Sparks Email: jsparks@blm.gov
(406) 896-5241
Jared Bybee Email: jbybee@blm.gov
(406) 896-5223


SCOPING NOTICE for Capturing and Removal of Excess Wild Horses in the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range

Genetic Analysis of Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Herd, August 2013

Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range Planning & Information

Carson City Range Management Plan – a Disaster for Our Wild Ones

by Grandma Gregg

When livestock are absent, the water is turned off

Private welfare cattle destroying water trough on public land

Private welfare cattle destroying water trough on public land

This Range Management Plan (RMP) will make decisions on at least 1,235,200 wild horse and burro legal acres in western Nevada and includes intensive “management” on 21 HMA/HAs, including:

  • Augusta Mountains HA/HMA
  • Clan Alpine HA/HMA
  • Desatoya Mountains HA/HMA
  • Dogskin Mountains HA/HMA
  • Flanigan HA/HMA HA/HMA
  • Garfield Flat HA/HMA
  • Granite Peak HA/HMA
  • Fort Sage HA/HMA
  • Horse Mountain HA/HMA
  • Horse Springs HA
  • Lahontan HA/HMA
  • Marietta HA/HMA
  • Montgomery Pass HA/HMA
  • New Pass HA/HMA
  • North Stillwater HA/HMA
  • Pilot Mountain HA/HMA
  • Pine Nut HA/HMA
  • South Stillwater HA/HMA
  • Tule Ridge and Mahogany Flat HA/HMA
  • Pah Rah Mountain HA
  • Wassuk HA/HMA

Public comment is due two weeks from today but just as a warning … this is a GIGANTIC amount of information to research and cover! I am just getting started, but it appears that there are 5 alternatives and NONE of them are good.

Alternative “A” so far seems to be the best but it is NOT good either. Alternative “A” supports continual capture/removals and extensive contraception and IMO we have to fight that because voting for the least of the evils is a lose-lose for everyone and especially our wild ones.

The other alternatives promote reduction in HMAs and reduction in WH&B land and non-reproducing herds and on and on – all real bad.

One thing I wanted to bring to our attention is this statement from the EIS:

“Granite Peak HMA is north of Reno, Nevada, and west of the Dogskin Mountains HMA. The HMA consists of rolling terrain. There is no permanent water within the HMA. When livestock are present and their associated water troughs are supplied with water, wild horses will use the water troughs. When livestock are absent, the water is turned off at the troughs and wild horses use water sources outside of the HMA.”

Private welfare sheep abound on public land

Private welfare sheep abound on public land

We saw this exact thing last summer on the Twin Peaks HMA and I think we all know this is a common practice and has caused numerous wild ones to either die from dehydration or be removed (how many “emergency drought” removals have there been over the years!). These are/were natural springs that have been captured via man-made devices for livestock … period. These are the same springs that would have originally allowed the natural populations to survive and thrive for hundreds if not thousands of years. This, in addition to removal of their legal herd area land and overgrazing by domestic livestock etc., has been and continues to be and will be the death of our wild ones in the wild. If this isn’t “managing for extinction” then I don’t know what is!

Please do the best that you can to review the Carson City RMP and just concentrate on the parts that you understand the best and have the most concern about – and then make your public comment by Monday, April 27th. We must speak for our wild horses and burros … and they will thank us by just being themselves and that is what we all want more than anything.

PS Since I have just barely scratched the surface of this EIS, I am hoping that others will share what they are seeing and researching and learning so that we can all do our best to save our wild horses and burros and their legal habitat. No time to waste!

Nevada – Carson City DO – Carson City RMP Revision

Enough is Enough

R.T. Fitch:

Important information from Rachel Reeves on what the BLM intends to do to Cloud’s herd in the Pryor Mountains.

Originally posted on Rachel Reeves Photography:

As a general rule, it is a very big mistake for me to start running my mouth off online when I am overly emotional.  The problem with that is that we are only 1/3 of the way into an emotional year that feels like it is just going to keep building and building until everything spirals out of control.  When you are faced with such a time, it seems logical to get it all out in the open while you still have the chance.

Because the fact of the matter is, we were snookered folks.  And the most ridiculous part, is that we were conned by the same people that con us over and over again without remorse.  It’s almost like an abusive relationship.  You tell yourself that this time it will be different, things will get better.

Nye Nye

Spoiler Alert:  IT NEVER DOES

View original 1,369 more words

Welfare Rancher Throws Tantrum Over Release of Wild Horses to Rightful Range

“In my Humble Opinion” – by R.T. Fitch ~ Pres./Co-founder Wild Horse Freedom Federation

Subsidized  Cattlemen’s War on Wild Horses and Burros Continues

Dunce Welfare CowThe Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has allegedly released some 160 captured wild horses back onto the Fish Creek Herd Management Area near Eureka, Nevada.

In February, at great expense, the BLM stampeded 424 horses from the above HMA and has now returned, again allegedly, to the HMA approximately 100 chemically sterilized mares and 60 stallions ensuring that the horses will not be able to reproduce or maintain viable families over the next several years.

But that damage to the viability of the above herd was not enough carnage for local “Welfare Rancher” Kevin Borba and Eureka County Commissioners who filed an appeal with the Interior Board of Land Appeals to block the return of federally protected wild horses to their rightful range.

Federally subsidized welfare ranchers consider wild horses and burros as competition for their private, personal, money making cattle who graze, as a commercial endeavor, on public land allocated by an act of Congress to the wild horses and burros.

Incensed with a feeling of entitlement, welfare ranchers have waged an often-decimating range war across the west with wild horses and burros being their current target and speaking point.

Borba and his bed-fellow county commissioners challenge BLM on their assessment of how many horses the HMA can support and complained about his cow grazing allotment being cut to lower numbers in an effort to protect the environment from the destructive grazing of cattle.

Wild Horse Advocates are split on the use of the contraceptive PZP as it has proven to be effective on small controlled herds while the use on genetically nonviable herds is a bone of contention within the mainstream advocacy. The fact that the BLM is conducting clandestine bait trapping on wild horse and burros behind the backs of U.S. Taxpayers further increases the volume of descent against the rampant and unregulated usage of PZP.

Wild Horse Tale: Pale Ale ~ Then and Now

an original article by Arlene Gawne ~President of America’s Wild Horse Advocates (AWHA) – the Spring Mountain Alliance
Photos by Arlene Gawne & Darcy Grizzle, Music by Opus Moon – Wild Horse Anthology

“A VERY Special ‘Feel Good Sunday’, indeed”

” It is with a great deal of pleasure that the volunteers at Straight from the Horse’s Heart and Wild Horse Freedom Federation bring to you an exclusive story/update brought to you by some of our most dearest of friends about a wild horse from a very special herd that we care for very deeply and are sincerely concerned for their future.  Please sit back and enjoy a  true story of friends, family and freedom.  Keep the faith!” ~ R.T.

If you closely watch wildlife living in groups, whether lions or wild horses, elephants or elk, you quickly spot unusual characters who stand out for their vibrancy, leadership or curiosity. But seldom do you spot that charisma in a baby just a few days-old.

Three of us, devoted wild horse advocates, were amazed to see that true grit in a filly late born in September 2010 near the little mountain village of Cold Creek, Nevada. In these Spring Mountains, perhaps 400 wild horses and burros still roam just 40 quick minutes north of the Las Vegas Strip where over 40,000,000 people roam each year. What a contrast.

This filly was a pale Palomino with a long white blaze, one rear white stocking and huge knobby knees. Unafraid of us and our cameras, she shone as she danced around her mother, thin with age. We dubbed her Pale Ale and her darker buckskin mother, Wheat Ale. Yes, we like our beer.

That first winter of 2010 Pale Ale’s band stallion – and possible sire – was a powerful black horse with a particularly bad temper. He bullied tired, old Wheat Ale who often fell behind the large band that he was fiercely defending against the local competition. He snaked the filly and her mother back to the band by stretching his neck low to the ground, baring his teeth and flattening his ears until he truly looked like a striking snake.

But Pale Ale was never intimidated by him, only moving when she wanted to move. She played fearlessly with a sorrel colt her age, chewing off his winter coat as he did hers. I saw her in early 2011, a white ball of fluff in her white winter coat, leading the black stallion’s band. No one challenged her.

By early 2012, she had parted ways with the black stallion. Pale Ale was frequently spotted near Cold Creek, guiding her ever-weary mother and her latest sibling, a little buckskin. Pale Ale watched over them without fear of noisy ATV riders or stallions craving to add her to their bands. She firmly put off their advances – this young filly was going to pick her own destiny.

We cheered her spunk but wished she would stay away from tourists and their illegal handouts. Mustangs who hang by roads for an easy feed sometimes get hit by speeding cars. It is emotionally difficult to track the life of a mustang whom you are helpless to protect, but that is the essence of wildness – you have to respect what might happen.

By spring of 2013, Pale Ale was a beautiful 2-1/2-year-old, completely on her own. Her mother and buckskin foal were back in the black stallion’s band. Only Pale Ale came and went in different bands as if she were testing out whose company to keep. She disdained the cars and handouts, keeping aloof from humans and stallions alike.

Then in fall 2013, just after her third birthday, Pale Ale disappeared from her usual range around Cold Creek. We hoped she had migrated to new range north or west along the Spring Mountains looking for that perfect mate.

We prayed she hadn’t moved south toward Mount Charleston where mustangs were scheduled to be removed forever because they grazed in the territory of the endangered blue butterfly. Sometimes Nature’s threats like mountain lions, drought, lightning storms or scarce food won’t hurt a wild horse; mankind’s rules will.

In September 2014, I photographed a magnificent Palomino with all of Pale Ale’s markings leading an equally magnificent Palomino foal along the road to the watering pond at Cold Creek. Was this mature, self-assured mother our Pale Ale with her first offspring? The vigorous youngster appeared to be a “he” but when you are tracking wild ones in scrub brush you don’t always get the confirmation of sex or markings that can help you identify them later as they grow.

This foal was a carbon copy of his mother except his left stocking went a few inches higher and his blaze went slightly askew. If this was Pale Ale, she had become a mother at 4; a good age for a wild mare to bear a healthy foal. They were certainly healthy!

Good condition was rare that year as mountain lions were numerous above Cold Creek and even down into the village, effectively blocking the mares with vulnerable young foals from their rich summer range high in the mountains. Instead they were mowing through their winter range east of Cold Creek. That would make survival difficult in winter 2014-2015.

We advocates of the Spring Mountain Alliance could only grind our teeth in frustration watching this unfold.

In June 2013 we had proposed to the BLM and USFS that trained volunteers be authorized to dart breeding mares with a one-year PZP contraceptive. Some mares would breed each year to allow for genetic diversity but fewer foals would help keep the range and the wildlife in better condition.

We had already certified 3 volunteer darters on our own dime; now we proposed an experimental management plan to avoid a costly, deadly helicopter roundup and the removal of wild horses to feed lots, or worse. By fall 2014, the Federal government’s NEPA review process was on hold and thin mares were pregnant again with hungry foals at heel. It seemed so cruelly unnecessary.

Then in March 2015 near Cold Creek, Darcy Grizzle rediscovered Pale Ale, now a gloriously mature mare with a Palomino stud colt. We compared photographs of that colt’s distinctive blaze and rear stocking. Yes, this was her first foal that I had seen in fall 2014! The young stallion had all the assurance and calm of his dam, not just her beauty. They had survived the winter on the depleted range and were a little thin, but spring grass would fill them out quickly.

What a joy it is to follow a mustang’s life story right beside a glittering city like Las Vegas – go Nevada’s mustangs! They are unique, born from horses that had escaped or were abandoned along the Spanish Trail between Los Angeles and Santa Fe or from settlers and ranchers moving into this dry state.

More amazingly, just across the valley from Cold Creek, the bones of a tiny early horse, Equus scotti, lie in the ground of the soon-to-be opened Tule Springs National Monument. Horses began to evolve here over 13,000 years ago, but disappeared in the Ice Age.

Their living descendants returned to North America in Spanish galleons and they scattered across the continent, with or without man’s help. Today, maybe less than 400 horses are still wild and free – although under threat – alongside their ancient ancestors near Las Vegas.

There is an amazing parallel story to this wild one. From the time Pale Ale was born, a Vegas wild horse advocate, Darcy Grizzle, dove into photography with the same feisty, “I will create my life” approach as Pale Ale has done. Darcy began to experiment with camera details and subject matter everywhere, learning from everyone and anyone. Her no-holds-barred approach has paid off in five short years.

Darcy’s photos that began as a record of wild horses for the Alliance data base have become works of art. Proving once again, that lively, determined characters, whether human or wild, make life worth the living despite its challenges.

What a joy it is to watch two different ladies grow and shine, right here between the Vegas casino towers and the snow-tipped Spring Mountains. Keep growing, Pale Ale and Darcy. The world needs examples like you two!

Click (HERE) to download story for offline reading.

Federal Plan to Gather Tribal Horses Draws Fire

Story by Jeff DeLong, RGJ as published in the Reno Gazette-Journal

“We are our own nation. We are the lawmakers. We make all the rules based on what’s best for our own people.”

HorsesbythenumbersFORT McDERMITT — Across a rugged swath of mountainous terrain just south of the Oregon border, government land managers and an Indian tribe are poised to round up to 2,000 horses, many of them roaming federal land illegally.

A plan by the U.S. Forest Service and the Fort McDermitt PaiuteShoshone Tribe to conduct a horse gather on federal and tribal land this summer is already drawing fire from wild horse advocates, with the issue likely to generate as much controversy as it did the last time horses were removed from the same area two years ago.

Forest Service and tribal officials as well as local ranchers insist the proposed gather is the best way to address a long-simmering problem posing an economic hardship to some and causing serious damage to a sensitive landscape, particularly during a time of drought.

Horse advocates counter the planned helicopter roundup of tribal-owned horses is a crisis solution to long-standing mismanagement of federal land and that the tribe will profit at taxpayer expense. They say federally protected wild horses will inevitably get caught up in the operation and that many horses – wild or domestic – “ultimately face a fate of slaughter.”

Both sides appear steered toward a collision course, much as occurred in 2013.

The joint operation by the tribe and Forest Service seeks to remove scores of horses grazing on Forest Service and BLM land adjoining the Fort McDermitt Paiute-Shoshone Reservation in the Santa Rosa Mountains, located about 75 miles north of Winnemucca near the Oregon line…(CONTINUED)

Click (HERE) to read the rest of the story

North Dakota Badlands Horse and Theodore Roosevelt National Park sign Partnership Agreement

Update from North Dakota Badlands Horse

BlazeNorth Dakota Badlands Horse“, has entered into a first ever Partnership Agreement with Theodore Roosevelt National Park concerning the wild horses that call it home.

Because helicopter round-ups are expensive and dangerous to horses, wildlife and people; low-stress techniques will be used to humanely remove any excess horses.

Removal of horses can now be planned to offset population growth, if needed, and will minimize the number of horses leaving the population at any one time.

The removed horses will be directly transferred to the NDBH instead of going to a sale barn and being vulnerable to kill buyers…thus slaughter.

These horses are not managed by the BLM, but by the NPS as a demonstration herd relevant to the time when Theodore Roosevelt, our 26th President, was living in the Badlands of North Dakota.

The success of this endeavor depends on many aspects; one being that individuals step up and purchase these deserving horses as they become available.

There are numerous success stories about these horses and what they are capable of in good, respectful homes.

We encourage anyone that is interested in owning one of these horses to private message us at North Dakota Badlands Horse” and we will add your name to the list.

There will be more information that we look forward to sharing with you.

As you know America’s wild horses are worthy, remarkable and deserving!

Justice Handed Down in EU Horsemeat Scandal

Story by as published in Time.com

Selten was found guilty of committing fraud using forged invoices and forged labels…

EU Horsemeat MessWhoops, that horsemeat got in our beef products by mistake, protested the man responsible for a fraud perpetrated across Europe that led to the recall of thousands of tons of meat. But the “whoops” defense wasn’t convincing to a Dutch court that on Tuesday sentenced the man, Willy Selten, to two and a half years in prison.

Selten, who is now bankrupt, owned two wholesalers that together purchased and processed the horsemeat in 2011 and 2012. In 2013, genetic tests determined that hamburger sold in two British supermarkets, including the giant chain Tesco, contained traces of horsemeat. After that, products sold as beef but containing horsemeat were discovered and pulled from shelves in France and Holland.

Selten argued in court that the “mislabeling” of the products was inadvertent. “Mistakes were made in our bookkeeping,” which ended up with the wrong labels being affixed to the wrong products, he said at one point. But the court shot that excuse down by noting that the company had no records indicating it had ever purchased horsemeat at all. So, how could any horsemeat have gotten into beef products by mistake? Prosecutors presented evidence that Selten’s companies had purchased more than 300 tons of horsemeat and sold it to more than 500 European companies.

Selten was found guilty of committing fraud using forged invoices and forged labels.

Consumption of horsemeat is rare in the United States, and there are no horses slaughtered here for human consumption (though we do ship some horses for slaughter in Mexico and Canada). But there are enough horseeaters in Europe to sustain slaughterhouses there, even including in Britain, where very few people eat horse. Of course, even people who are OK with eating horse aren’t OK with buying what they think is beef, only to find out later that it’s horsemeat.

Through his actions, Selten “contributed to a negative image for the Dutch meat industry and damaged the sector’s interests,” the court ruled.

It would have been perfect if the judge had asked Willy Selten why he sold horsemeat, and he had answered “Because it’s there,” but there’s no indication that this happened.

Double-Decker Horse Transport Bill Introduced

Story By Pat Raia as published in TheHorse

Introduced March 24, S 850 would amend Title 49 of the U.S. Code to “prohibit the transportation of horses in interstate transportation in a motor vehicle containing two or more levels, stacked one on top of one another.”

Picture courtesy of AWIonline.org

Picture courtesy of AWIonline.org

A bill that would outlaw the transport of horses in double-decker trailers has been reintroduced into the U.S. Senate by Illinois Republican Senator Mark Kirk. The bill stems from a 2007 incident involving the crash of a double-decker trailer carrying Belgian Draft horses crashed near Wadsworth, Illinois.

In October 2007, a semi-truck hauling 59 Belgians in a double-decker trailer from Indiana to Minnesota overturned, resulting in 17 horses’ deaths. The surviving 42 horses were placed in the care of the Hooved Animal Rescue and Protection Society (HARPS), in Barrington, Illinois, and later in adoptive homes.

Subsequently, a dozen states either banned the use of double-decker trailers for horse transport or took steps to further regulate double-decker trailer use. In 2007, the USDA banned the use of double-deck trailers to transport horses to slaughter. However, no federal legislation banning the use of double-deck trailers for general horse transport has been passed.

Introduced March 24, S 850 would amend Title 49 of the U.S. Code to “prohibit the transportation of horses in interstate transportation in a motor vehicle containing two or more levels, stacked one on top of one another.”

Under the proposed legislation, violators could face civil penalties of at least $100, but not more than $500 for each violation. The legislation also contains a separate violation for each horse that in transported or caused to be transported in a double-deck trailer as described.

Kirk sponsored similar legislation in previous congresses, including S 1281 in 2011.

Meanwhile, S 850 has been referred to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation for review. The legislation remains pending.