Craig Downer’s 2017 report on 5 wild horse herds and Herd Management Areas in Oregon

Source:  The Wild Horse Conspiracy

Kiger Mustang HMA, Oregon 10/2017.  Photo copyright Craig C. Downer 2017

Craig C. Downer, wildlife ecologist, has issued a report, including research by Marybeth Devlin, on 5 wild horse herds and Herd Management Areas in Oregon.

These include the South Steens HMA, Kiger Mustang HMA, and Three Fingers Wild Horse HMA in southeastern Oregon, the Paisley Desert HMA in south-central Oregon (managed by the BLM) and the Big Summit HMA (managed by the Forest Service) in the Ochoco National Forest.
You can read the report HERE.

Twin Peaks Wild Horse and Burro Flight Report 2017

Click on the link below to read the report
Twin Peaks Flight Report 2017

Please contact BLM officials to voice your concerns about what is happening to the wild horses of Twin Peaks and to get fairer treatment. We encourage you to contact your Senators and Representatives to demand reform.

The BLM offices to contact:

Susanville BLM Office
2550 Riverside Dr, Susanville, CA 96130
Tel: (530) 257-0456
BLM California Office,
2800 Cottage Way # W1623, Sacramento, CA 95825
Tel:(916) 978-4400
BLM National Office.
1849 C Street NW, Rm. 5665
Washington DC 20240
Tel: 202-208-3801
Fax: 202-208-5242
National Wild Horse & Burro Program
1340 Financial Blvd, Reno, NV 89502
Tel: (775) 861-6400

The Horse & Burro as Positively Contributing Returned Natives in North America

Congratulations to Craig Downer for this article published in the American Journal of Life Sciences.


American Journal of Life Sciences

2014; 2(1): 5-23   Published online January 30, 2014 ( doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20140201.12

The horse and burro as positively contributing returned natives in North America

Craig C. Downer

Andean Tapir Fund, P.O. Box 456, Minden, NV 89423-0456 USA

Email address:

To cite this article:

Craig C. Downer. The Horse and Burro as Positively Contributing Returned Natives in North America.

American Journal of Life Sciences . Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 5-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20140201.12


Since the Wild Free Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, debate has raged over whether horses and burros are restored North American natives. Fossil, genetic and archeological evidence supports these species as native.

Also, objective evaluations of their respective ecological niches and the mutual symbioses of post-gastric digesting, seminomadic equids support wild horses and burros as restorers of certain extensive North American ecosystems.  A Reserve Design strategy is proposed to establish naturally self-stabilizing equine populations that are allowed to harmoniously adapt over generations within their bounded and complete habitats. These populations should meet rigid standards for viability based on IUCN SSC assessments (2,500 individuals). Basic requirements are described for successful Reserve Design including viable habitat as well as specific regions of North America where this could be implemented…

1. Introduction

All branches of the horse family (Equidae) share an ancient evolutionary origin and long-standing duration in North America, having evolved here for ca. 60-million years ago.  Few other mammalian families can lay as much claim to native status and belonging on this continent. Two other extant families in the Order Perissodactyla are the tapir and the rhinoceros families, and both are similarly rooted in North America.

Read the rest of Craig’s article HERE.