Congratulations to Craig Downer for this article published in the American Journal of Life Sciences.
SOURCE: SCIENCE PUBLISHING GROUP
American Journal of Life Sciences
2014; 2(1): 5-23 Published online January 30, 2014 (http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ajls) doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20140201.12
The horse and burro as positively contributing returned natives in North America
Craig C. Downer
Andean Tapir Fund, P.O. Box 456, Minden, NV 89423-0456 USA
To cite this article:
Craig C. Downer. The Horse and Burro as Positively Contributing Returned Natives in North America.
American Journal of Life Sciences . Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 5-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20140201.12
Since the Wild Free Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, debate has raged over whether horses and burros are restored North American natives. Fossil, genetic and archeological evidence supports these species as native.
Also, objective evaluations of their respective ecological niches and the mutual symbioses of post-gastric digesting, seminomadic equids support wild horses and burros as restorers of certain extensive North American ecosystems. A Reserve Design strategy is proposed to establish naturally self-stabilizing equine populations that are allowed to harmoniously adapt over generations within their bounded and complete habitats. These populations should meet rigid standards for viability based on IUCN SSC assessments (2,500 individuals). Basic requirements are described for successful Reserve Design including viable habitat as well as specific regions of North America where this could be implemented…
All branches of the horse family (Equidae) share an ancient evolutionary origin and long-standing duration in North America, having evolved here for ca. 60-million years ago. Few other mammalian families can lay as much claim to native status and belonging on this continent. Two other extant families in the Order Perissodactyla are the tapir and the rhinoceros families, and both are similarly rooted in North America.
Read the rest of Craig’s article HERE.