Equine Cloning

This is an older article (I think I need new glasses) but still has interesting information.  –   Debbie

5 cloned foals (photo: Texas A & M)

SOURCE:  THE HORSE

Equine Cloning: Where are we today?

By Christy M. West

“Five years ago, presenting ‘A Review of Cloning’ in the horse was almost unimaginable,” began Katrin Hinrichs, DVM, PhD, professor of veterinary physiology and pharmacology and Patsy Link Chair in reproductive studies at Texas A&M University. “But the field has taken off very quickly, partly because of advances in other species.”…

…Hinrichs offered the following timeline of cloning milestones:

2000: The first equine nuclear transfer embryo, with five cells, was produced.

2002: Woods, et al., announced cloned mule pregnancies at the 8th International Equine Reproduction Symposium.

2003: Three mules cloned from fetal cells were born through the efforts of the University of Idaho and Utah State University. Their DNA came from an embryo that was a full sibling to a famed racing mule.

Also in 2003, one foal cloned from adult cells was born in Italy. The mare that carried the foal to term was the same mare from which donor cells were taken, so she essentially carried her identical twin to term.

2005: The Italian research group announced the birth of a second cloned horse, and another died at about 48 hours of age from septicemia. Two cloned horses were born in Texas–the third and fourth live cloned foals.

“Italy got one live foal from nine pregnancies resulting from 101 embryo transfers,” reported Hinrichs. “Texas A&M got two live foals from three pregnancies out of 11 embryos transferred. Why such a difference? Both labs had only about 5% blastocyst rate (survival of the cloned embryos to the early blastocyst stage), so the difference is in the quality of the blastocysts.”

2006: Texas A&M announced the births of seven viable cloned foals. From one donor, 13 embryo transfers resulted in nine pregnancies and five cloned foals. The sixth and seventh foals were from two other donors.

Also in 2006, the commercial company ViaGen announced the birth of three live cloned foals.

“So we know cloning is possible, and that its efficiency varies by the laboratory,” Hinrichs summed up. “Unfortunately, there are currently only two labs I know of working on equine cloning–Texas A&M and ViaGen. With that little amount of work being done, it will be very hard to see what protocols affect the health of foals.”

READ THE ENTIRE ARTICLE HERE.

 

4 comments on “Equine Cloning

  1. We are sending 100,000 horses (supposedly unwanted) to slaughter every year and this is the next “big” thing? This idea was idiotic to begin with – its just more of the “throw away” mindset of human beings today – the attitude that animals are nothing more than possessions – things! They have no realization that each animal is an individual – unique in its own way. No actual THOUGHT involved here at all – just “science” – like the BLM’s mantra: Lets see what happens!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. 1. How does a BLM wild horse holding facility have connections to a horse cloning company?
    How does a BLM wild horse holding facility have connections to a horse cloning company?

    Debbie Coffey

    The Indian Lakes Road/Broken Arrow BLM holding facility where the BLM is holding our wild horses in Nevada has a sign hanging at the entrance:
    Troy Adams Broken Arrow USA.
     
    The link to the website for Broken Arrow USA is no longer active. The Broken Arrow Ranch of Lincoln, CA was featured on animal cloning company Bovance’s website .

    The sale of Broken Arrow Ranch’s cattle clone was listed at the Denim and Diamonds Sale and the last address in the middle column is: Broken Arrow Angus Ranch, Troy Adams, 345 Karchner Rd,, Lincoln, CA. 95648, phone (916) 645-1924 Pharmaceutical company Geron (www.geron.com) (TX. ViaGen and Trans Ova Genetics (of Sioux Center, Iowa) own Bovance, the animal cloning company (which featured Broken Arrow). 

    Most, if not all, of Geron’s board of directors each sit on the boards of several other pharmaceutical companies. ViaGen is very actively cloning horses:

    https://ppjg.me/2010/04/02/slaughterhouse-sue-wallace-conrad-burnsviagen-and-the-blm-the-people-behind-the-slaughter-of-nevadas-mustangs/#comments

    Like

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