ACTION ALERT UPDATE! SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE TO DECIDE FATE OF AMERICA WILD HORSES AND BURROS NEXT TUESDAY AND THURSDAY: CONTACT SENATORS NOW!

Open Letter from Daniel Cordero Fernandez

Dear Friends of Equines,

The moment has finally come. We have just learned that the Senate Appropriations Committee has finally scheduled the markup sessions for the FY2018 Interior appropriations bill next Tuesday 17th and Thursday 19th.

Potential Future Carnage of our Native Wild Horses and Burros ~ this horror will be real!

As you likely already know, last July, acting at the request of the Trump administration and specifically Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, the pro-slaughter lobby led by representatives Chris Stewart (R-Utah), Mark Amodei (R-Nevada), Ken Calvert (R-California), Mike Simpson (R-Idaho) and Adrian Smith (R-Nebraska) moved to remove from the FY2018 House Agriculture and Interior Appropriations bills long-standing bans preventing BLM from killing and selling at will without restrictions (including for slaughter) wild horses and burros in holding and freshly captured, as well as banning USDA from conducting mandatory pre-slaughter inspections of horses at slaughter plant, hence preventing new horse slaughter plants from opening up in the US.

With such move, both the Trump administration ( which takes advice directly from horse slaughter lobbyist and anti-animal activist Forrest Lucas) and Congress’ horse meat and welfare ranching lobbies, attempt to bring horse slaughter back to US soil and, particularly, to kill by whatever means possible (most likely gunshot) all the federally-protected wild horses held at BLM corrals or those freshly captured that are deemed “in excess” arbitrarily by BLM. The intention behind this hideous move is to make room at BLM facilities for all remaining wild horses in the range to be rounded up, institute a mass extermination mechanism using tax-payer funds to get rid of them as new horses come in BLM facilities and, ultimately, eliminate all wild horses, releasing the resources for welfare ranchers like Cliven Bundy to allocate more cows and for the ultraconservative, anti-animal lobby to make an ideological point about the place and value of wildlife in our society, which according to them is none. If Trump, Zinke and Stewart get their way, approximately 75,000 wild horses , counting the 45,000 in holding plus the remaining 30,000 in the range, will be murdered in the coming years, resulting in the largest massacre seen in US since the extermination of the buffalo. This is, indeed, Trump’s “final solution” to his wild horse and burro “problem”.

Regrettably, the House of Representatives turned a blind eye to this travesty and passed their FY2018 omnibus appropriations bill without the languages preventing new horse slaughter plants from operating in the US and prohibiting BLM from killing healthy wild horses and burros and selling them for slaughter at will.

Fortunately, Senators Tom Udall (D-Colorado) and Lindsey Graham (R-South Carolina) are aware of this travesty and are attempting to reverse the situation. Last July, senator Udall inserted back in the Senate agriculture appropriations bill the language preventing horse slaughter plants to operate in the US (by withholding funds for mandatory pre-slaughter inspections). Now, it is time for the Senate Appropriations Committee to markup and the Interior appropriations bill, which will decide the fate of America’s wild horses and burros.

Next Tuesday 17th at 09:30 EST, the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on the Interior, Environment and Related Agencies, chaired by senators Tom Udall and Lisa Murkowski will hold a markup session in which they will present the draft text of the FY2018 Senate Interior appropriations bill, allow debate for the introduction of amendments and then vote it to present the approved text to the full committee. Then, two days later, the full Appropriations Committee will hold a markup session at 10:30 hrs on the bill text presented by the subcommittee, allowing the introduction of further amendments shaping the final language of the bill that will be referred to the full Senate for a vote.

The Subcommittee on the Interior, Environment and Related Agencies can decide whether to carry the language banning BLM from using funds to kill and sell without limitation wild horses and burros in its care from the last Interior budget bill that was passed into law or insert it again as an amendment. Since the last Senate Interior bill contained the wild horse protection language, the former is the most likely outcome. Similarly, if the language is not carried over from the previous budget or inserted by the subcommittee, it will have to be inserted during the full committee markup by means of an amendment . Similarly, even if the language is carried over, it may be removed by pro-slaughter forces by means of an amendment. In either case, this is the last chance to save wild horses and burros from being slaughtered or shot to death by Bundite cowboys. If the wild horse protection language is not present in the bill’s committee report referred to the full senate, it is over for wild horses and burros.

WHAT YOU CAN DO:

Keep calling and faxing all members of the Senate Appropriations Committee –and particularly the members of the Subcommittee on the Interior- asking them to oppose any language allowing BLM to sell without restrictions wild horses in holding or authorizing the killing of healthy wild horses in holding or on the range as “management option”. Tell staffers that you don’t want government to shoot and slaughter wild horses and that all arguments put forward by those wanting to slaughter wild horses like as Stewart and Amodei, such as that wild horses are starving and killing them “is the right thing” are completely false. There are tools available for BLM to manage wild horses and burros on the range but BLM always refused to use them, stating privately during the infamous “Slaughter Summit” that they will only consider slaughter and shooting. The move by the House to authorize the mass killing and slaughter wild horses and burros is just a handout to welfare ranchers for purely ideological reasons.

Enclosed at the bottom of this message you can find a list of all members of the Senate Appropriations Committee with phone and fax numbers for their DC offices, plus a link to a template fact sheet (courtesy of Linda Loman) you can use when faxing them to follow up with your call in order to support our position. Faxing is best since it forces them to take down your comment, name and address and log it. You can use a free online faxing service to send them, such as FaxZero (https://faxzero.com/) or GotFreeFax (https://www.gotfreefax.com/), this is the cheapest and fastest way to do it. Since there is a limit on the number of faxes you can send per day, combine any of the services described at https://www.lifewire.com/free-fax-services-2378048 to reach all members of the Appropriations Committee. The template has been optimized to only 3 pages-long, hence being possible to be sent through the FaxZero service at no cost.

Right after calling and faxing try to follow up by posting messages in their Twitter and Facebook accounts. You can find their accounts by looking for the members of the Senate Appropriations Committee at https://www.contactingcongress.org/ (select Senate Appropriations from the drop down menu on the upper right corner).  You may also follow up by calling or emailing their staffers in charge of animal welfare issues

Again, I cannot stress any stronger how important is to get the language banning BLM from killing wild horses included in the bill text passed by the appropriations committee. This is the last thing that stands in the way between mustangs and their death at the hands of BLM and the welfare-ranching lobby. If we fail to get this amendment passed, it is game over and you better start kissing wild horses goodbye. We will post further updates, including live ones during the committee ‘s markup sessions in the next few days.

Thank you.

SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE

Phone                     Fax

(CHAIR) Sen. Thad Cochran (R-MS)       202-224-5054        202-224-5321

Sen. Richard Shelby (R-AL)             202-224-5744        202-224-3416

Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)             202-224-6665        202-224-5301

Sen. John Boozman (R-AR)               202-224-4843        202-228-1371

Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)           202-224-3841        202-228-3954

Sen. Chris Murphy (D-CT)               202-224-4041        202-224-9750

Sen. Chris Coons (D-DE)                202-224-5042        202-228-3075

Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL)                202-224-3041        202-228-0285

Sen. Brian Schatz (D-HW)               202-224-3934        202-228-1153

Sen. Dick Durbin (D-IL)                202-224-2152        202-228-0400

Sen. Jerry Moran (R-KS)                202-224-6521        202-228-6966

Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-KY)            202-224-2541        202-224-2499

Sen. John Kennedy (R-LA)               202-224-4623        202-228-0447

Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME)              202-224-2523        202-224-2693

Sen. Chris Van Hollen (D-MD)           202-224-4654        202-228-0629

Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO)                  202-224-5721        202-224-8149             (Pro-slaughter shill, Don’t bother with him)

Sen. Jon Tester (D-MT)                 202-224-2644        202-224-8594         (Don’t bother with him)

Sen. Steve Daines (R-MT)               202-224-2651        202-228-1236          (Don’t bother with him)

Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH)             202-224-2841        202-228-3194

Sen. Tom Udall (D-NM)                  202-224-6621        202-228-3261               (He is our sponsor, no need to contact)

Sen. John Hoeven (R-ND)                202-224-2551        202-224-7999

Sen. James Lankford (R-OK)             202-224-5754        202-228-1015

Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR)               202-224-3753        202-228-3997

Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI)                  202-224-4642        202-224-4680

Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC)             202-224-5972        202-224-3808              (He is also our sponsor, no need to contact)

Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN)            202-224-4944        202-228-3398          (Pro-slaughter shill, Don’t bother with him)

Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT)              202-224-0238        202-224-3479

Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA)               202-224-2621        202-224-0238

Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)              202-224-5653        202-224-9787

Sen. Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV)       202-224-6472        202-224-7665

Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV)                202-224-3954        202-228-0002

LINK TO FACTSHEET

https://www.dropbox.com/s/zt56mxu8tgohyvz/Senate_Appropriations_Staffers.pdf?dl=0

photo – horsetalk.co.nz

Update:

https://www.dropbox.com/s/tjvlhpow10a65me/Senate_Appropriations_Committee_staff.pdf?dl=0

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17 comments on “ACTION ALERT UPDATE! SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE TO DECIDE FATE OF AMERICA WILD HORSES AND BURROS NEXT TUESDAY AND THURSDAY: CONTACT SENATORS NOW!

  1. Thanks for this Daniel. One question: it was my understanding the Senate will take up the language the House approved in July as the Senate starting point. Your article here seems to indicate otherwise. Can you or anyone post what the exact language is that the Senate subcommittees will start with on Tuesday?

    Also, not sure who provided the photo but that does not show slaughtered horses, only horses that appear to have been killed and dumped (which is something the pro-slaughter folks would publish to indicate what happens without slaughter facilities running). Can someone provide a source and caption for this photo please?

    Like

  2. Make certain that all members of the Senate have Wild Horse Freedom Federation White Paper
    This should be required reading for ALL members of Congress

    WHITE PAPER
    on the Bureau of Land Management’s
    Wild Horse & Burro Program,
    with a Focus on Problems Related to Holding Facilities

    Wild Horse Freedom Federation, Inc.

    Enclosed please find Wild Horse Freedom Federation’s White Paper on certain aspects of the federal government’s Wild Horse & Burro Program. The White Paper is the result of several years of detailed research, including the collection of thousands of documents obtained
    from the Bureau of Land Management, independent investigations, and legal analysis of the implications of our findings in light of the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act, 16 U.S.C.
    §§ 1331-1340 (“Wild Horse Act”).

    While much has already been written about various aspects of the Wild Horse & Burro Program, the White Paper focuses on and exposes systemic problems that have not been adequately addressed by the BLM or other horse advocacy groups. It is WHFF’s intention by the preparation and submission of this White Paper to both alert the public and the government
    to significant problems with the administration of the program, and to suggest a path forward that will benefit all stakeholders.
    As you may know, the fate of America’s wild horses and burros – some of the most important and iconic animals in American history – is at a pivotal stage this month, as Congress considers amendments to the Wild Horse Act that could open up unlimited opportunities to kill wild horses on the range and in captivity. Before any such decision is made, the data and conclusions in this White Paper must be considered and addressed openly – in Congress, at the federal agency level, and in the public eye.

    http://wildhorsefreedomfederation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/White-Paper.pdf

    Like

    • “** Staffers listed are those responsible for wild horse/burro and/or animal welfare issues?”
      It appears that there are NONE that are responsible! Well, in more ways than one, I guess! This seems to be par for the course.

      Like

  3. this is inhumane to these horses we put peop,e in jail for hurting and killing pets people who fight dogs are sent to jail . then how is it that the beureau of land management is any different? they need to be protected not killed and sent to slaughter

    Like

  4. President Trump promised to eliminate waste and corruption in our government….. He needs to know, that after the wild horses are gone, the Grazing Permit Program will still lose five hundred million tax payer dollars per year……Five hundred million dollars. That’s what 21,000 ranchers who graze their livestock on America’s iconic western range lands are estimated to have cost US taxpayers in 2014…. http://protectthewolves.com/five-hundred-million-dollars…/

    Like

  5. I have long been opposed to the government’s war on wild horses especially as it is based on the foundless premise that they are competing with cattle and sheep for pasture land. I have yet to see any proof that they are occupying prime grazing land. This is a fallacy that has been perpetrated by the cattle industry since the pioneers went west. When will we begin to follow the principles of the Lord God who created this earth, who breathed life into the spirit of the horse, as well as all the other creatures, before He created man? We were told to nurture and care for His creations–what the BLM and anyone who supports this move is proposing goes against that directive.

    Like

  6. Follow up on alert.

    UPDATE ON ACTION ALERT: NEW FOLLOW UP STRATEGY

    ————————-

    Dear Friends of Equines,

    As a follow-up to our last action alert, we are presenting a new strategy for this last stretch to implement in addition to contacting the members of the Senate Appropriations Committee.

    This strategy is based on following up our calls and faxes to committee members with calls and emails to their animal welfare staffers with the goal of hammering our points with somebody who is specialized in the matter and in position to advise Senators how to vote or act on the matter.

    Starting tomorrow, and after contacting Senators the traditional way as indicated last Friday, we are asking you to please follow up with a call and an email to the staffers in charge of animal welfare issues with each of the committee members, attaching to it Wild Horse Freedom Federation’s awesome white paper on BLM’s wild horse and burro program exposing the agency’s falsehoods regarding the number of horses in the range, the corruption at long-term holding facilties and the total lack of enforcement of the current laws banning the sale of wild equines for slaughter as well as its hype of killing and slaughter as “management options”:

    http://wildhorsefreedomfederation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/White-Paper.pdf

    A list of the current animal welfare aides for the members of the senate appropriations committee, composed and drafted by Charlotte Roe of In Defense of Animals, can be downloaded here:

    https://www.dropbox.com/s/tjvlhpow10a65me/Senate_Appropriations_Committee_staff.pdf?dl=0

    If you feel like doing something else besides contacting Senate’s Appropriations Committee members, please join and us and contact staffers as well as directed above.

    We will be posting futher updates as soon as we have any news on the matter.

    Thank you.

    Like

  7. MYTHS vs FACTS

    FERTILITY CONTROL

    MYTH: Managing wild horses with birth control vaccines won’t work, it’s unsafe, it’s too expensive. (When introducing his effort in the House to lift the long-term prohibition on the destruction of healthy wild horses/burros, Representative Chris Stewart of Utah declared about fertility control “it simply isn’t practical”; “the logistics of trying to identify studs and to manage them and actually do what’s necessary for them and the need for repeated inoculations, it just simply hasn’t worked.” Mr. Stewart was misinformed – fertility control vaccine for wild horses is used in mares (females), not studs (males). And it does work.)

    FACT: Efficacy

    -The National Park Service has used the Billings, MT, manufactured and distributed PZP vaccine for nearly 30 years to safely and effectively manage the wild horse herd on the Assateague National Seashore

    – Herd size has been maintained between 80 and 100 horses

    – PZP programs have helped reduce and even curtail removals across the West in the Pryor Mountains on the Montana/Wyoming border, McCullough Peaks in Wyoming, and in the Spring Creek Basin and Little Book Cliffs areas of Colorado

    – BLM spends less than 1% of annual budget on fertility control

    – BLM spends millions on roundups/removals in an attempt at “population control”

    – These methods scientifically proven to stimulate remaining horses breed more

    – Accordingly, the National Academy of Sciences has requested the BLM to shift their strategy to something proven to work for population control!

    FACT: Safety

    – Administered via remote darting of mares

    – Social structure of wild bands not disrupted

    – Does not require inhumane, costly helicopter roundups/removals

    – Millions of tax dollars saved annually compared to current “unsustainable” costs

    – One study to determine PZP health safety factors was conducted between 2002-2006 by Gary Killian and Nancy K. Diehl J. O. Almquist Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Lowell Miller and Jack Rhyan USDA APHIS National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, CO; and David Thain Division of Animal Industry, Nevada Dept. of Agriculture, Reno, NV

    – Study resulted in findings of positive fertility control with no ill effects.

    1

    FACT: Cost

    – Each vaccinated mare requires two initial doses with follow ups at approximate one year intervals. Each 0.5ml dose is $
    ​30

    – The PZP is mixed with an adjuvant for maximum effect. Each 10ml vial of adjuvant costs $15 and contains between 18 and 20 doses

    – Contrasted with BLM’s acknowledged remove and warehouse “population control technique” which now supports more mustangs in government holding facilities than in the wild, this one example of fertility control is vastly more affordable

    – Long-term holding costs consume a large portion of the Wild Horse and Burro Program’s annual budget – focus mainly on roundups, removal and, warehousing

    – In July 2017, the agency estimated it would cost $1 billion to care for the animals over their lifetime (perhaps 20 years)

    – When the choice is made to “warehouse” with its accompanying expenses for roundup costs, transport costs, feed costs, removal of severely ill and dead animals, etc, it’s easy to see why that method is “unsustainable”

    – An economic study published in Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine said BLM could save $8 million over 12 years by using PZP in one herd management area (HMA) alone and there are nearly 200 HMAs in the United States

    – Increased use of PZP in more HMAs would save hundreds of millions of dollars

    – Best of all, unlike roundups and removals, using the vaccine would actually help, as necessary, control wild horse populations!

    *************

    OVERGRAZING (ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT)

    MYTH: Public lands are overwhelmed and being destroyed by wild horses

    FACT:

    -Wild horses are present on approximately 1​1
    percent of BLM rangelands

    -BLM allocates less than one quarter of rangeland forage to wild horses

    -BLM allocates more than 75 percent to privately owned livestock

    -A 2013 National Academy of Sciences (NAS) study indicated there was no science-based rationale for this allocation/management system

    -GAO reports and the NAS contradict BLM claims that horses are destroying critical habitat, competing for grazing lands, and overpopulating

    -When arguing wild horses damage Western grazing lands, the BLM ignores the millions of head of private livestock it allows to graze on those same public lands!

    MYTH: Wild horses are to blame for range degradation

    FACT:

    -Creators of 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horse and Burro Act recognized the wild horse as an “integral component of the natural system”; vegetation thrives in areas they inhabit – the Great Plains were once a “sea of grass” where wild herds roamed

    -Range conditions in steep hilly areas favored by horses exhibit less disturbance than in lower areas frequented by cattle – why?

    -Cows have no upper front teeth and graze by wrapping their tongues around grass to pull it out; if the ground is wet, roots and all are removed preventing it from growing back

    – Horses have upper and lower incisors, they graze by “clipping the grass,” similar to a lawn mower which allows grass to easily grow back

    – When foraging, cattle do not cover large areas; their ‘pull out by the roots’ style destroys areas where they do graze ruining them for native wildlife

    – When foraging, horses roam; their “landscaping” leaves behind many plants as forage for others

    – According to cattlemen resources, sufficient forage for beef cattle is on average 30 pounds daily, consumed in those smaller areas

    – According to livescience.com, adult mustangs eat 5 to 6 pounds of forage each day over their larger territory

    – Food consumed by wild horses does not thoroughly degrade in its digestive system. Consequently, these horses “replant” over a widespread area byproducts of its own forage as seeds pass through its system un-degraded

    – These roaming “landscapers” contribute to the build up of the absorptive, nutrient-rich humus component of soils which, in turn, helps soil absorb and retain water upon which many diverse plants and animals depend.

    – Additionally, because horses wander farther from water sources than many ruminant grazers, they serve as fire preventers. These widespread, “landscaped” areas have less ground fuel (grasses and brush); less ground fuel means less fire; less fire means less fire suppression costs in addition to less loss of property and endangerment to human and animal lives alike. An unexpected benefit!

    -Water quality in streams extensively used by cattle has fewer nutrients and the streams themselves exhibit signs of bank erosion and damage to nearby plants/trees, according to a 2001 United States and Russian joint study

    -Cattle tend to gather around water sources and remain there causing extensive damage

    -Horses tend to drink and move on leaving behind hoof prints, clean water, overhanging branches, and no signs of bank erosion

    -Wild horses should not be scapegoats for range degradation that is primarily caused by private livestock

    – Environmentalists have determined in Nevada, home of the majority of America’s remaining wild horses, the herds have little impact on the ecosystem compared with the hundreds of thousands of cattle that also roam federal land

    – The Western Watersheds Project acknowledges “the main cause of degradation of public lands in the arid west is livestock use and not wild horses.”

    ********************

    ENCROACHMENT ON CATTLE RANGELAND

    MYTH: Wild horses take away grazing land from cattle.

    FACT:

    -According to a June 2012 Congressional Research Service report, fees were charged for grazing cattle on approximately 160 million acres of BLM land and 81 million acres of Forest Service land

    -Based on 2013 figures, approximately 40,000 wild horses populated some 31.6 million acres of federally managed land

    -Over seven million head of cattle grazed on these rangelands

    – Free roaming wild horses and burros can be found mainly on government designated HMAs in 10 western states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah and Wyoming

    -Wild horse habitat has been reduced by several million acres since 1971 by BLM -The BLM has insured “unsustainable growth” of its own management program.

    ******************************

    There is one other factor to consider. Killing horses or shipping them to slaughter requires them to be managed via roundups and removals, costing millions of dollars and placing the government in the horse slaughter business. A national poll conducted this year shows 80% of the American voting public strongly opposes horse slaughter. These findings are consistent with polls done years ago; public pressure to preserve wild horses so strong in 1971, the U.S. Congress voted unanimously to approve the Wild Free-Roaming Horse and Burro Act. Americans’ love of wild horses has not diminished. Please respect American taxpayers’ and voters’ wishes. Choose to continue protection of our wild horses/burros and return them to their own rangelands. It is economically and efficiently possible to manage them humanely instead of relegating them to a footnote in American history.

    Like

  8. FREEDOM VERSUS FORAGE: BALANCING WILD
    HORSES AND LIVESTOCK GRAZING ON THE
    PUBLIC LANDS

    “Based on the BLM’s own guidelines, the agency is managing most wild horse herds with no regard for the genetic health necessary to the long term preservation of these herds.”

    MARA C. HURWITT
    Mara C. Hurwitt, Freedom Versus Forage: Balancing Wild Horses and
    Livestock Grazing on the Public Lands, 53 IDAHO L. REV. 425 (2017).

    Much of the public land lost to wild horses and burros since
    1971 is due to the creation of HMAs as subsets of HAs, and the
    consequent removal of all wild horses and burros from habitat outside
    designated HMAs.40 But BLM has also abolished entire HAs
    without designating any portion of them as HMAs, and then zeroed
    out entire herds of wild horses.41 As absurd as it sounds, the agency
    has decided to carry out its statutory duty to “manage” some wild
    horse herds by eliminating them all together.42

    Studies have also found that target population levels are set
    too low to maintain the long term viability of herds within the
    HMAs. The BLM recognizes that genetic diversity is essential to
    maintaining the health of wild horse herds.61 Citing a 2009 study
    by wild horse geneticist Dr. Gus Cothran, the BLM Handbook recommends
    that herds be managed with a total population of 150-
    200 horses to sustain a minimum population size of 50 effective
    breeding animals in order to maintain an acceptable level of genetic
    diversity.62 In an earlier study published in 2000, Cothran
    concluded that “the majority of wild equid populations managed by
    the BLM are kept at population sizes that are small enough for the
    loss of genetic variation to be a real concern” and that it was “critical”
    for BLM to consider genetic diversity and viability in wild
    horse management plans. 63 Nonetheless, an analysis of BLM’s
    HMA data for February 2012 found that it manages the majority
    of wild horse (and burro) herds below the minimum population necessary
    to ensure genetic viability and herd health, with high AML
    set below the minimum of 150 animals.64

    Based on the BLM’s own guidelines, the agency is managing most wild horse herds with no regard for the genetic health necessary to the long term preservation of these herds.

    Like

  9. The WILD BURROS are almost gone. They just quietly disappear.

    Dr. Lori Eggert, University of Missouri – Genetic Diversity
    BLM Advisory Board meeting Sept 9-11, 2013

    Genetic diversity of burro populations well below what you would see in healthy populations.

    12 burro HMAs with populations between 2 and 49 animals.
    Burro populations do need priority for genetic management.
    Maintenance of genetic diversity over time is going to require higher population size than even the largest HMA now has.

    Like

  10. Also worth noting: 28 of 31 states represented on the appropriations committee have NO FREE ROAMING WILD HORSES OR BURROS!

    The exceptions:
    Montana, with only the Pryor Mtn. HMA (managed for around 100 adult horses; 7 HMAs emptied of horses, totaling 186,456 acres).

    California (22 HMAs, AML around 1,750, 18 HMAs emptied of horses, totaling 927,409 acres)

    New Mexico, with only 2 HMAs (AML 83, three HAs emptied of horses, totaling 33,000 acres).

    Info is older, from this link:
    http://www.mustangs4us.com/HMA-Section/california.htm

    Liked by 1 person

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