BLM gives a rare glimpse of imprisoned wild horses & burros at Indian Lakes Rd. “Corral” in Fallon, NV

On Oct. 23rd, the BLM will feign transparency and stick the public on wagons (so you can’t look too closely for too long at the many wild horses & burros without shelter), to tour the private property at the Indian Lakes Off Range “Corral” in Fallon, NV.   Be sure to ask the BLM representatives that are giving the tour when they plan to provide shelter for the wild horses & burros.  You can read about Troy Adams, the contractor who is raking in tax payer dollars on this pony prison, HERE.   –  Debbie



The Indian Lakes Off-Range Corral is located at 5676 Indian Lakes Road, Fallon, and is privately owned and operated. About a 90-minute drive east from Reno, the facility provides care for up to 3,200 wild horses or burros. The facility encompasses 320 acres containing 43 large holding pens, each pen measuring 70,000 square feet that will safely hold approximately 100 horses. The horses receive an abundance of feed tailored to their needs each day, along with a constant supply of fresh water through automatic watering troughs. Free choice mineral block supplements are also provided to the animals in each pen. A veterinarian routinely inspects the horses and provides necessary medical care as needed.

BLM strives to place horses removed from the range into good, private homes. Horses at the Indian Lakes Road facility are made available to the public for adoption or sale throughout the year at off-site adoption events and through BLM’s Adopt or Sales Program.


BLM offers periodic public tours of the Indian Lakes Off-Range Corral. The next public tour is scheduled for Friday, October 23. Two public tours will be offered — the first will begin at 10 a.m. and the second will begin at 1 p.m. Each tour will last about two hours and will accommodate up to 20 people. Spaces will be filled on a first-come, first-served basis. The public can sign up to attend and get driving directions to the facility by calling BLM at (775) 475-2222.

What to Know Before You Go On a Public Tour

• Tours start promptly at the scheduled time, so be at the facility a few minutes early or the wagon may leave and we cannot come back to pick you up.
• Bring comfortable shoes and clothes. Hats and sunscreen recommended.
• Bring your own water.
• Cameras and video cameras welcome.
• There will be sanitation huts available for use.
• Visitors WILL NOT be able to walk around the facility unaccompanied. They must travel with the group in the wagon at all times.

Can I sign up for a tour right now?

Information on how to sign up to attend a public tour is provided when the next tour is announced. To sign up for one of the tours taking place on October 23, please call (775) 475-2222.



Public Lands Cowboy-Livestock Mentality Dominates Wild Horse and Burro Captures and Removals and Many Eventual Sales to Slaughter Associates

LEDE: A white stallion, right, looks over his band of wild mustang mares on BLM land near Susanville, Tuesday, June 29, 2010. BLM plans for an early August roundup of 1,800 wild horses near Susanville that has legal groups, animal rights activists and enviromentalists in an uproar.

Photo of Braveheart and his Family by Leslie Sterling

Compiled by Grandma Gregg but Inspired by George Wuerthner, co-editor of “Welfare Ranching: The Subsidized Destruction of the American West”.

The continuing Wild Horse and Burro abuse by the Bureau of Land Management and the US Forest Service is a demonstration of the public lands “cowboy-livestock” mentality the industry uses to address any problem. Instead of using its brains, it resorts to brute force. But of course, slaughter is the ultimate goal for the cowboy-livestock mentality so brute force should not be a surprise. If left unchallenged, I believe and as we have seen, the industry’s harsh tactics pose a threat to all free roaming wildlife everywhere.

When you review the true facts, it is impossible to believe that minimizing the Wild Horses and Burros because of the range conditions is really the motivating force behind the BLM & USFS capture and removal (and now non-reproducing herds and massive sterilization) actions. Reasonable and legal options that could address their concerns about range health are ignored in favor of deadly force. This can only be explained if the range conditions are hiding another motive – destruction and thievery of our public lands and public resources by private/corporate, domestic livestock.

As made clear by the Wild Horse and Burro Act’s implementing regulations, the BLM “may close appropriate areas of the public lands to grazing use by all or a particular kind of livestock . . . if necessary to provide habitat for wild horses or burros, to implement herd management actions, or to protect wild horses or burros from disease, harassment or injury.” 43 C.F.R. § 4710.5(a). Removal or reduction of domestic livestock which provides financial gain for any private or corporate owned institution must be activated in favor of protecting the land and the wildlife and wild horses and wild burros and their habitat that belong to the American people. By law the BLM and USFS can and should close appropriate areas of public lands to grazing use by all domestic livestock, to provide habitat for wild horses or burros.  It is the law of the United States of America.

Many in the livestock industry in the west fear the 1971 WH&B Act and fear those few American people who do know about it and speak loudly about this unanimously passed Congressional law. Why? Following the 1971 law of wild free roaming wild horses and burros comes at the expense of the public lands private/corporate livestock industry wallets. The industry, realizing this threat, has historically and is currently attempting, with the help of their big dollars and political and governmental associates in destroying any and all wild horses and burros as fast as they can – and other wild animals, as well.

No attempt to determine and admit the real risks of range devastation are performed because this risk is without a doubt the public lands corporate/private domestic livestock and they are owned and controlled by the public lands cowboy-livestock mentality ranchers and their associates – who highly paid lobbyists in Washington, D.C. It’s all about the money – BIG money.

The agencies don’t admit this to the American public because they want to create a crisis situation to justify their extreme actions. It’s way past time to question the public lands cowboy-livestock mentality of brute force as a solution to any problem or conflict. The problem is there is no value put on wildness.








I-Team: Critics say deadly wild horse roundup could have been avoided


Photo:  Cold Creek Stallions © Arlene Gawne


By George Knapp, Chief investigative reporter


A roundup of wild horses north of Las Vegas has ended, for now. The Bureau of Land Management confirms it gathered 230 Mustangs over the past three weeks in and around Cold Creek.

The government says it took the emergency action in order to save the horses from the ravages of drought. But critics of the BLM say the Cold Creek operation illustrates everything that is wrong with the wild horse program and say it has all but wiped out the last viable horse herd in southern Nevada.

“They want us to believe somehow it’s a humane thing they’re doing for the horses and that we should all feel grateful. I don’t feel grateful at all,” said long-time wild horse advocate Jerry Reynoldson.

In the decades that he’s been fighting on behalf of the mustang herds, Reynoldson has seen this same story play out over and over.

Across the West, millions of acres which were designated by law as habitat for Mustangs have been zeroed out, completely stripped of wild horses. But it’s not entirely empty, he says.

“That’s just been set aside for cattle again, pure and simple.”

Reynoldson and other mustang advocates are heartbroken over the roundup at Cold Creek, but hardly surprised.

In the 20 plus years the I-Team has chronicled the Cold Creek herd, it’s captured some amazing images, many worthy of scenes from a Hollywood movie.

The Cold Creek herd is one of the West’s most iconic, in part, because they’ve always been so accessible. They are beloved by visitors and by nearly all of the residents, many of whom moved to the town to be near the Mustangs.

The BLM asks for public comment whenever it contemplates a roundup. Opposition is usually close to unanimous, but it never impacts the BLM’s decision.

In recent years, the BLM has come to rely on what it deems emergency gathers. Those are roundups carried out with little advance notice and no public comment at all.

Each time BLM staffers say they had no choice but to move in to rescue horses that were in bad shape due to drought conditions.

Reynoldson and others allege the emergency was manufactured.

“This didn’t sneak up on us. People have known these horses were out there for many years” he said. “I think they knew what their game plan was for a long time. They were just waiting for the situation to get dire enough and that’s a terrible remedy and a terrible way to manage.”

If you ask a BLM official what their overall wild horse strategy is, the answer is remarkably similar every time: the horses have to be managed. But the reality, critics say, is that management means only one thing to BLM: roundups.

In the mid 90s, BLM captured the last Mustangs in Red Rock Canyon, a supposedly temporary measure to allow wild grasses to replenish.

Twenty years later, the horses have never been returned.

After roundups, they get shipped off to holding pens where most spend the rest of their lives. In many previous roundups, BLM releases pictures of a few emaciated horses to the public, even though 90 percent of those captured might be in good health.

In Cold Creek, a round up to help emaciated horses ended with 15 percent of them being killed on the spot, for their own good, the agency said.

If BLM wanted to manage the herd at Cold Creek, it could have been pro-active, Reynoldson says, by working with local residents, culling the older sicker horses, instituting birth control, and actual management.

“In the end, they want to get these horses out of here. They want to remove them. Cold Creek was probably the last substantial group of horses in southern Nevada.”

BLM removes 133 West Douglas wild horses so far, and 1 horse dies while being loaded into trailer by Sun J

Apparently, in spite of a horrific death when a horse broke it’s neck while being loaded into a trailer by BLM contractor Sun J, BLM spokesman David Boyd tried to spin the “news” to say the roundup was “going well.”  It seems that the lives of wild horses mean nothing to the BLM.


EUREKA, NV - JULY 07: Two wild horses walk through a field July 7, 2005 in Eureka, Nevada. The Bureau of Land Management is gathering wild horses in the American West, where an estimated 37,000 wild horses roam free. Many of the horses that are gathered are put up for adoption while others are treated with birth control and released back to the wild. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

133 Horses Gathered In Northwest Colorado Roundup

RANGELY, Colo. (AP) – More than 100 horses have been gathered as part of a roundup in northwest Colorado’s West Douglas Herd Area.

The Bureau of Land Management says as of Sunday, 133 horses have been gathered since the roundup began on Wednesday.

The BLM also reported the first death of the operation. A horse being loaded onto a trailer to holding corrals fell and was stepped on by another horse on Sunday, breaking its neck. The BLM estimates the sorrel stud was between 10 and 12 years old.

A federal judge allowed the roundup to start following a legal challenge from horse advocates, calling potential harm from the roundup “minimal.”

The agency is working with a contractor to collect 167 horses.

Say GOODBYE to our Saylor Creek Wild Horses in Idaho


by Grandma Gregg

9/15/15: The BLM Published a Record of Decision and Approved Resource Management Plan for Jarbidge Field Office, which includes managing the Saylor Creek Wild Horses as a NON-REPRODUCING Herd … FOREVER

Excerpts from their decision:
“Manage a non-reproducing herd with an appropriate management level range of 50 to 200 wild horses in the Saylor Creek Wild Horse Management Area.”

“In the Wild Horses section, two management actions … were not carried forward into the Approved RMP because they pertained to restrictions during foaling. Since the wild horse herd in the Approved RMP will be non-reproducing, there will be no foaling period.”
“In the Livestock Grazing section, allocation LG-A-1 was modified to say “The majority of the planning area will be available for livestock grazing (1,411,000 acres).”

Location: The Saylor Creek Herd Management Area (HMA) is located approximately 15 miles south of Glenns Ferry, ID in Owyhee County, ID and Elmore County, ID within the Jarbidge Field Office. The Saylor Creek HMA encompasses 94,992 acres of public land in the Jarbidge Field Office.

The Saylor Creek Herd in motion.

BLM rounds up 23 wild horses from West Douglas on 1st day


Sadly, we did not prevail in stopping the BLM from proceeding to zero out the West Douglas Herd.  We continue to fight the mismanagement and decimation of our wild horse herds.  Our voices count, and are the only hope they have.  –  Carol Walker, Director of Field Documentation for the Wild Horse Freedom Federation

SOURCE: The Daily Sentinel

BLM gathers 23 wild horses at roundup

By Gary Harmon

Twenty-three wild horses were brought in during the first day of a gather on Wednesday, hours after a federal judge in Washington, D.C., rejected the notion that the federal government intended to “zero out” the West Douglas herd.

U.S. District Judge Christopher Cooper ruled that the public interest was better served by allowing the Bureau of Land Management to manage “wild free-roaming horses” over preventing potential harm from the gather, which the judge said would be “minimal.”

The BLM started the gather at 6:30 a.m., using bait and water to attract horses in the West Douglas area, as well as driving horses toward corrals using a helicopter.

“All of them looked healthy and there were no incidents coming into the trap,” BLM spokesman Christopher Joyner said Wednesday. “The contractor did a good job of ensuring the horses weren’t stressed.”

The agency will conduct the gather until it collects 167 horses — the number of spaces available in long-term holding facilities run by the BLM.

Cooper ruled that the BLM’s designation of all horses in the West Douglas Herd area as “excess” didn’t mean that the agency intended to remove all horses from the 123,000-acre area.

Excess animals are those that must be removed to preserve “a thriving natural ecological balance on the public lands,” Cooper wrote.

The injunction was sought by The Cloud Foundation, Wild Horse Freedom Federation, The Colorado Wild Horse and Burro Coalition, Don and Toni Moore of Fruita, and Barb Flores of Greeley. Don Moore is a veterinarian.

Several opponents of the gather — many of them from Arizona, which has a band of horses in Salt Wash — called reporters on Wednesday to question the gather, or roundup, of animals that played a significant role in U.S. history.

The plaintiffs filed suit on Sept. 4 and filed for an injunction on Sept. 6. Cooper presided over a hearing on Sept. 11 in which Flores and an official with The Cloud Foundation and Kent Walter, manager of the BLM’s White River Field Office, testified.

“This case has proceeded at a gallop,” Cooper wrote in his decision, in which he also cited a lyric from the Rolling Stones 1971 song, “Wild Horses.”

“(They) have (their) freedom, but (they) don’t have much time,” Cooper wrote, “So it is for a group of wild horses that, beginning tomorrow, are scheduled to be removed from two tracts of federal rangeland in northwest Colorado.”

As the BLM zeros out the West Douglas herd

West Douglas Stallion taken day of ruling Sept 15, 2015 by plaintiff Dr. Don Moore

West Douglas Stallion taken day of ruling Sept 15, 2015 by plaintiff Dr. Don Moore

You can call the roundup hotline at 970-878-3818 for information about daily public viewing “opportunities.”  (like this is a big gift to you)

To find out about the daily number of wild horses removed, injuries and deaths, you can look here.


30 wild horses from Cold Creek have now been “euthanized”

The current murder count is now up to 30.  Then the BLM plans to send the survivors to the holding facility at Axtell, Utah (which is flat like a feedlot with no trees and where there is no shelter) for what is expected to be an extremely harsh winter.  The BLM would rather just spend money to completely remove/kill wild horses than to distribute some food and water before the winter snow.  One has to wonder if the water being used for all the solar development has caused more man-made “drought” conditions by using water from shared aquifers and dropping the water table, making less water and forage available for wild horses and wildlife.   Shame on the BLM!  –  Debbie


cold_creek_emergency.Par.12448.File.533.300.1  BLM photo

236 Cold Creek wild horses rounded up, 30 euthanized

By Mauricio Marin |, Tim Zeitlow

Thirty horses have been euthanized since the Bureau of Land Management started rounding up wild horses about two weeks ago.

So far, the BLM has captured 236 horses. Officials believe the  animals will die if they’re left to fend for themselves.

The wild horses are from Cold Creek, an area northwest of Las Vegas. Cold Creek is about 6,000 feet above sea level and very dry because it gets little rain. There is not much vegetation for wild horses to eat.

BLM says they’re doing everything they can to protect the horses and some Cold Creek residents are making sure they keep their word.

Over the years, people in the Cold Creek area have looked forward to seeing the wild horses.

BLM crews have rounded up horses they say are malnourished.

“The horses  are just getting hungrier and skinnier,” said Carmen Rhoda, a concerned resident.

She agrees drought conditions have left little food for the horses to eat, but she wants to make sure the BLM only takes horses that need help.

“We’re gathering the horses that might look like they may be in need,” said Jason Lutterman, BLM. “We’re not removing  all the horses in the area.”

BLM officials say 30 horses out of about 230 that have been rounded up were extremely thin and weak so they had to be euthanized.

Rhoda calls the situation heartbreaking.

“They are suffering from malnutrition that affects their internal organs,” she said. “Their kidney’s, heart and everything so I understand maybe they had to put down 28 of them.”

Rhea Little who also lives in Cold Creek feels the BLM could have taken proactive measures to stabilize the population.

“My feeling is if they would have implemented birth control four years ago, the majority of the horses taken today wouldn’t have been born,” Little said.

Now the BLM is looking into ways to keep this from happening again.

“We’re exploring the options in the future of implanting some kind of program or some way to keep the population in balance with what the land can support,” said Lutterman.

Since the roundup, there’s a lot fewer horses near Cold Creek.

Rhoda applauds the BLM for being more humane and using a bait and trap method so the animals wouldn’t get spooked.

“They’re very gentle with them. I have to commend the BLM that in this instance they’ve done a good job,” she said.

The horse advocates have asked the inspector general at the Department of the Interior to investigate this specific gather because of the number of horses the BLM put down.

The BLM has not confirmed whether the roundup is complete.

Once the horses are healthy enough, the BLM will put them up for adoption.

Erin Brockovich accuses feds of lying about mine waste spill

Wild horse & burro advocates continually see that the BLM allows mines to expand, but round up wild horses and burros to the point of extinction while claiming that the wild horses and burros cause “degradation to the range.”  Advocates must continue to publicly point out the BLM’s hypocricy and favoritism of “uses” that make more money on public lands (which is violation of FLPMA – the Federal Land Policy and Management Act).  BLM mismanagement/catering to special interests continues to put our environment in great peril, including the environmental risks from mining and abandoned mines.  It’s important to bring up public lands issues in relation to our fight to save the last of our wild horses and burros.   We must also fight to keep clean water for future generations.  –  Debbie

Source:  yahoo news/Associated Press

Environmental activist Erin Brockovich visits San Juan River on Navajo Nation downstream from the Gold King Mine spill on Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2015, near Shiprock, N.M. Brockovich accused the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency of lying about how much toxic wastewater spilled from the Colorado mine and fouled rivers in three Western states. (Michael Chow/The Arizona Republic via AP) MARICOPA COUNTY OUT; MAGS OUT; NO SALES; MANDATORY CREDIT

Environmental activist Erin Brockovich visits San Juan River on Navajo Nation downstream from the Gold King Mine spill on Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2015, near Shiprock, N.M. Brockovich accused the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency of lying about how much toxic wastewater spilled from the Colorado mine and fouled rivers in three Western states. (Michael Chow/The Arizona Republic via AP)

SHIPROCK, N.M. (AP) — Environmental activist Erin Brockovich, made famous from the Oscar-winning movie bearing her name, on Tuesday accused the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency of lying about how much toxic wastewater spilled from a Colorado mine and fouled rivers in three Western states.

Her allegation came during a visit to the nation’s largest American Indian reservation, where she saw the damage and met with Navajo Nation leaders and farmers affected by last month’s spill, which was triggered by an EPA crew during excavation work.

Brockovich said she was shocked by the agency’s actions leading up to the release of waste tainted with heavy metals and its response afterward.

“They did not tell the truth about the amount. There were millions and millions of gallons,” she said while speaking to a crowd of high school students in Shiprock, New Mexico.

The EPA did not immediately respond to email and telephone requests for comment Tuesday. The agency initially pegged the spill at 1 million gallons but later said it was likely three times that amount given the readings of stream gauges that recorded a spike in river flows.

The revision only added to the suspicion of local officials that were criticizing the agency for failing to notify them sooner that the contaminated plume was headed downstream.

Uncertainty lingers over the long-term dangers to public health and the environment from the spill, which contaminated rivers in Colorado, New Mexico and Utah. EPA says the threat has eased, allowing treatment plants to start drawing water from the rivers again and ending warnings against recreational activities. But Navajo leadership is skeptical.

Water flows down Cement Creek just below the site of the blowout at the Gold King mine which triggered a major spill of toxic wastewater, outside Silverton, Colo., Thursday, Aug. 13, 2015. It will take years, if not decades, and many millions of dollars to clean up and manage the toxic wastewater from a this Colorado mine that unleashed a 100-mile-long torrent of heavy metals, affecting the livelihoods of residents in three states, according to some experts. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley)

Water flows down Cement Creek just below the site of the blowout at the Gold King mine which triggered a major spill of toxic wastewater, outside Silverton, Colo., Thursday, Aug. 13, 2015. It will take years, if not decades, and many millions of dollars to clean up and manage the toxic wastewater from a this Colorado mine that unleashed a 100-mile-long torrent of heavy metals, affecting the livelihoods of residents in three states, according to some experts. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley)

A series of congressional hearings investigating the spill will begin Wednesday. Republican committee leaders in the House and Senate say that EPA officials have withheld documents that could explain what went wrong.

Navajo President Russell Begaye also questions the number of gallons released. He recounted for Brockovich what he saw during an unannounced visit to the Gold King Mine near Silverton, Colorado, days after the spill. He said he saw a wide gully that was several feet deep and water continuing to pour out of the mine.

Some Navajo irrigation systems remain shuttered until the tribe receives results from its own water and sediment testing. As a result, Begaye has said thousands of acres of crops have gone dry.

Begaye and Brockovich met with farmers to discuss the effects of the spill on irrigation as well as the legacy of contamination left behind by decades of uranium mining.

During the stop in Shiprock, they told the students that it will be up to the next generation to hold government and private industry accountable.

“It’s a terrible disaster, and unfortunately it’s a situation we see playing itself out not only on the Navajo Nation, but across the United States of America,” Brockovich said, referring to pollution and lax enforcement.

“You are the future and you will be the answers,” she told the students.

Brockovich was portrayed in the 2000 movie, “Erin Brockovich,” which earned actress Julia Roberts an acting Oscar. The environmental advocate helped investigate a major case of groundwater contamination in California in the early 1990s that inspired the film.

As for the Gold King spill, Brockovich said the federal government needs to clean up the mess.

Navajo officials say the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the EPA have declined the tribe’s requests for continued help, including the appointment of a federal recovery coordinator.

A FEMA spokeswoman said the EPA was the lead agency and would be responsible for coordinating with the tribe and other local governments.

Mine spill stirs concerns about New Mexico’s old mines

Instead of the BLM wasting money to round up wild horses and burros, they should spend this money cleaning up abandoned mines.  Which “use” has the greater potential to harm a “thriving ecological balance?”   Which “use” could contaminate huge amounts of water, which present and future generations need to survive?  Take a look at the BLM’s Abandoned Mine Lands Inventory HERE.  The wild horses and burros are only “the canary in the coal mine.”  –  Debbie


Polluted water flows down the Animas River on August 7, 2015. (photo: Brent Lewis, The Denver Post)

“And so the question is, ‘Who’s going to pay for that in the future?’” Dronkers said. “It’s basically like we haven’t learned anything from Gold King, and we’re going to continue to build mines that have that same fundamental problem. But we’re going to build them thousands of times larger.”

SOURCEAlbuquerque Journal

SANTA FE — The ongoing fallout in New Mexico from last month’s Colorado mine spill is a stark reminder that the “Land of Enchantment” has its own dangerous mines.

While public officials continue to measure the damage wrought by the Gold King Mine spill, some say it’s a wake-up call to the staggering number of abandoned mines in New Mexico. The Bureau of Land Management so far has identified more than 13,000 abandoned mines in or around public land in the state, according to bureau records. Nearly 9,000 of them need to be analyzed, federal officials said.

Bill Auby, the head of the abandoned mines program for the BLM in New Mexico, said it will take a great deal of time to track these sites.

“It’s going to be a long process to get to all the mining districts and wander the hills and find these things and identify them,” Auby said.

He acknowledged that mines that have yet to be analyzed represent potential threats. The mines could have pits and standing water that have contamination from heavy metals.

Todd Brown, who operates a mining museum in Cerrillos, said he sees waste rock piles that have been piling up for decades. Abandoned mine sites are “a major problem in the West,” according to Brown. And few people knew what restoring a mine site entailed.

“In the old days . they didn’t even know what reclamation meant,” Brown said. “And people die, and people move and people sell. That’s why nothing ever got cleaned up.”

An analysis of BLM data by the Santa Fe New Mexican ( ) found that 90 percent of the mines identified in New Mexico — or 11,750 — have not been remediated. According to the agency’s reports, BLM officials found waste rock and tailings in 260 mines, including 20 in the Cerrillos Hills Mining District. The highest concentrated number of mines was found in the Hillsboro Mining District.

Some officials, however, say the state’s arid environment lessens the possibility of pressurized water pushing out old mining waste like it did in the Colorado spill Aug. 5. The EPA accidentally unleased 3 million gallons of contaminated wastewater while inspecting the idled Gold King Mine. As a result, toxic sludge made its way into the San Juan and Animas rivers.

Gov. Susana Martinez has promised at least $750,000 toward addressing the impact of the mine spill. Meanwhile, experts say there is not enough money to address the issue of the abandoned mines that New Mexico has.

Pete Dronkers, of the environmental nonprofit Earthworks, has been following hard-rock mining issues in the Southwest states. He said new mines that are vastly larger than the Gold King Mine are being built despite the risk of water-treatment liabilities and acidic runoff for years to come.

“And so the question is, ‘Who’s going to pay for that in the future?’” Dronkers said. “It’s basically like we haven’t learned anything from Gold King, and we’re going to continue to build mines that have that same fundamental problem. But we’re going to build them thousands of times larger.”