Scott Pruitt is facing 13 federal inquiries into his spending and management practices as administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
The subjects of the investigations include Mr. Pruitt’s first-class travel expenses, the installation of a $43,000 soundproof phone booth in his office, and his rental of a $50-a-night condo from the wife of a lobbyist with business before the agency. The negative headlines have continued well into Mr. Pruitt’s second year on the job, though he continues to enjoy the support of President Trump.
Here is a guide to Mr. Pruitt’s actions that are under investigation. (Because some investigations cover several topics, the numbers listed here add up to more than 13.)
The $50-a-Night Condo
The E.P.A. has acknowledged that Mr. Pruitt paid $50 per night last year to live in a Washington condo co-owned by the wife of an energy lobbyist who has had business in front of the agency.
Initially, the E.P.A. produced a memo from the agency’s ethics office saying that the arrangement did not violate federal gift rules because the rate was within “reasonable market value.” However, the ethics office later walked back that assessment with a new memo saying that its staff did not have all the facts before issuing its ethics clearance.
The E.P.A. has said that Mr. Pruitt’s decisions were not based on his connection to the lobbyist, J. Steven Hart, who retired in April as chairman of the firm Williams & Jensen. The E.P.A. has also said that Mr. Hart did not lobby the agency while Mr. Pruitt was living in the condo.
But federal lobbying disclosures show that Mr. Hart did seek assistance from the agency in 2017, during the period when Mr. Pruitt was renting from Mr. Hart’s wife. Mr. Hart had approached the E.P.A. on behalf of the philanthropic arm of Smithfield Foods regarding a program to restore the Chesapeake Bay.
The $43,000 Phone Booth
1 active investigation, 1 completed
The Government Accountability Office, the congressional watchdog, has already ruled that Mr. Pruitt’s purchase of a $43,000 secure phone booth broke the law because the E.P.A. is required to inform Congress of spending that exceeds a $5,000 limit for office refurnishing, but in this case did not.
Auditors also found that the agency violated the Antideficiency Act, which is designed to prevent unbudgeted spending.
But the inquiries aren’t over. Congressional Democrats have charged that Mr. Pruitt was never authorized to have the phone booth in the first place. They also noted the E.P.A. already has two other areas, known as Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities, for receiving classified information. The White House Office of Management and Budget said it was also looking into the phone booth expense.
Mr. Pruitt, testifying to a Senate committee in May, said there had not been a legal process at the agency to inform Congress of the office spending, and that he had since instituted one.
Spending on Security
Mr. Pruitt’s 24-hour security detail of at least 20 people is more than three times as large as ones for previous E.P.A. administrators. Agency officials have confirmed that the E.P.A. spent about $3.5 million in taxpayer money on salary, overtime and travel expenses for the security team during Mr. Pruitt’s first year in office. That is nearly double what his predecessors spent each year on average.
Three inspector general investigations have been launched into Mr. Pruitt’s security expenses. In addition, there is a House Oversight Committee investigation.
The newest allegations being taken up by investigators are whether Mr. Pruitt improperly used his security detail for personal travel to Disneyland and to a Rose Bowl game, as well as other destinations. Senator Sheldon Whitehouse, a Rhode Island Democrat, told the E.P.A. inspector general that he had been made aware of the trips “after obtaining six weeks of schedules and other documents” that detailed the travel.
Among other things, investigators are examining the role that Pasquale Perrotta, who headed Mr. Pruitt’s security until May, played in agency spending. Mr. Perrotta, who is widely known as Nino, has not responded to requests for comment. Investigators are also looking into E.P.A. purchases of thousands of dollars in bulletproof vests and weapons.
The E.P.A.’s inspector general is looking into Mr. Pruitt’s frequent travel home to Oklahoma last year at taxpayer expense; his use of private, first-class and military flights; and trips he has taken to Italy and Morocco.
Mr. Pruitt regularly flew first class at taxpayer expense in his first year in office. Records obtained by the Environmental Integrity Project and reviewed by The New York Times showed that two weeks of travel in June 2017 for the administrator and his aides cost taxpayers more than $120,000.
Mr. Pruitt also had charter flights approved after they were already taken, public records show. One 40-minute charter flight out of Denver to tour the Gold King Mine near Silverton, Colo., cost $5,719, the records show.
Mr. Pruitt told Congress this year that he had started flying coach.
Lawmakers have argued that the Morocco trip, during which Mr. Pruitt promoted natural gas exports, was inappropriate since the E.P.A. plays no formal role in overseeing gas exports. The trip cost about $40,000, according to agency records, with the flights alone costing $17,000.
Pay Raises and Personnel Matters
The E.P.A. inspector general is investigating the use of a provision of a clean drinking water law to hire ex-lobbyists and give raises to political aides.
Two aides who previously worked for Mr. Pruitt in Oklahoma, Millan Hupp and Sarah Greenwalt, received substantial raises that bypassed the usual White House procedures. They were reappointed with higher salaries under a provision of the Safe Drinking Water Act after the White House did not approve the raises. Mr. Pruitt told Congress he had been unaware of the raises and blocked them after learning about them.
Two Democratic senators have asked the G.A.O. to investigate the raises as well, though that inquiry is pending the full outcome of the inspector general’s report, aides said.
Ms. Hupp was Mr. Pruitt’s scheduling director but essentially served as a personal assistant, helping him search for an apartment and obtain tickets to the Rose Bowl game. She also sought a used mattress for him from the Trump International Hotel. Federal ethics standards prohibit such personal assistance by a subordinate.
Ms. Hupp and Ms. Greenwalt, a senior counsel to the administrator, both resigned in June.
The Office of Special Counsel, an independent federal investigative and prosecutorial agency, is also examining Mr. Pruitt’s personnel practices and allegations that he may have used his office for political purposes, according to people with knowledge of the investigation. Mr. Pruitt, who is known to harbor political ambitions beyond his current post, has met numerous times with Republican political donors, an unusual step for an E.P.A. administrator.
Undisclosed Email Addresses
When he took the helm of the E.P.A., it was understood that Mr. Pruitt had two official email accounts: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org. However, two other email addresses later emerged: email@example.com (the mascot of the University of Oklahoma’s sports teams) and firstname.lastname@example.org (the initials of his full name, Edward Scott Pruitt).
In May, the E.P.A.’s inspector general said his office would review whether Mr. Pruitt circumvented public records laws by using several email addresses. One issue is whether all four email addresses were being properly searched for public records requests.
Mr. Wilcox, the E.P.A. spokesman, defended Mr. Pruitt’s use of several addresses as “standard practice.” He said all of Mr. Pruitt’s emails are searched before responding to public records requests.
Both Lisa P. Jackson and Gina McCarthy, E.P.A. administrators who served under President Barack Obama, were also criticized for using more than one email address.
Meetings With Industry
The E.P.A. inspector general has taken up an inquiry into a meeting Mr. Pruitt held with the National Mining Association.
Representative Frank Pallone Jr., the top Democrat on the House Energy and Commerce Committee, requested the investigation after a report that Mr. Pruitt had encouraged the coal mining industry group to urge President Trump to withdraw from the Paris climate change agreement. Critics of the meeting said the discussion violated anti-lobbying laws for government officials.
Both the E.P.A. and the industry group have denied that Mr. Pruitt did anything improper.
Meanwhile, the G.A.O. is investigating Mr. Pallone’s complaint about Mr. Pruitt appearing in a National Cattlemen’s Beef Association video. In the video, produced by the lobbying organization last year, Mr. Pruitt describes his opposition to an Obama-era clean water rule.
Mr. Pallone and others asked auditors to investigate whether the promotional video involved an inappropriate use of taxpayer dollars.
Science Advisory Boards
Amid the questions surrounding Mr. Pruitt’s travel and spending decisions, there is one investigation on an entirely different issue: His selection process for members of a science advisory committee.
Specifically, the G.A.O. accepted a request from two Democratic senators to look into the E.P.A.’s dismissal of scientists from agency boards that advise on health and scientific matters. The G.A.O. has said it will look into the role that political appointees at the E.P.A. had in choosing a new roster of advisers, which drew largely from industry and state regulatory bodies rather than university researchers.
Other E.P.A. Investigations
2 active investigations, 1 completed
In addition to the investigations of Mr. Pruitt’s actions, there are inquiries into other accusations of wrongdoing at the E.P.A.
The E.P.A. inspector general is looking into an allegation that Samantha Dravis, Mr. Pruitt’s former policy chief, did not attend work or perform her duties for most of November, December and January while continuing to draw a salary. The E.P.A. and Mr. Pruitt have disputed the allegation.
A tweet from the E.P.A.’s official Twitter account that appeared to mock Democrats is the subject of a G.A.O. investigation into whether it violated a law banning agencies from using taxpayer dollars on propaganda. The Office of Special Counsel, an independent ethics agency, conducted a separate inquiry and found that the tweet did not violate the Hatch Act, which bars federal employees from political campaign activity while on duty.
Mr. Pruitt has faced questions about a number of other actions he has taken at the helm of the E.P.A., but these are not known to be the subjects of any federal inquiries.
Mr. Pruitt gave a political aide the task of helping him seek a “business opportunity” for his wife with the fast-food chain Chick-fil-A. Mr. Pruitt reportedly spoke with Chick-fil-A representatives about the possibility of his wife opening a franchise, though she never did. Senate Democrats have asked the E.P.A.’s inspector general to investigate Mr. Pruitt’s efforts.
At least five E.P.A. officials, four of them high-ranking, were reassigned, demoted or requested new jobs after they raised concerns about Mr. Pruitt’s spending and management practices.
Officials said Mr. Pruitt wanted to use flashing lights and sirens in his motorcade to expedite local trips in Washington, a perk more commonly associated with the presidency.
Lobbyists and influential Republican donors played key roles in planning Mr. Pruitt’s foreign trips, according to interviews with officials and E.P.A. documents.
House and Senate Democrats have asked Mr. Pruitt to respond to allegations that he exceeded the spending limit for office decorating with art on loan from the Smithsonian Institution and the framing of an American flag.
On his trip to Italy, Mr. Pruitt dined with Cardinal George Pell, a prominent climate-science denialist and Vatican leader who was also facing sexual abuse allegations. E.P.A. descriptions of the dinner intentionally omitted the cardinal’s presence, officials said.
Mr. Pruitt enjoyed a superfan experience at a University of Kentucky basketball game in seats belonging to Joseph W. Craft III, a billionaire coal executive who has lobbied the E.P.A. on issues important to his company.